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Table 3 Comparison (mean ± SD) of left ventricular echocardiographic findings

From: Evaluation of the left and right ventricular systolic and diastolic function in asthmatic children

Variable Asthmatic children Healthy controls p value
50 (M/F = 35/15) 40 (M/F = 17/23)
LSV (ml) 40.75 ± 14.26 50.99 ± 13.08 0.001a
LVWT (cm) 0,40 ± 0,087 0,38 ± 0,055 0,172a
LV-EF (%) 0.66 ± 0.1 0.63 ± 0.07 0.182a
DT (msn) 184.79 ± 53.98 192.50 ± 45.60 0.465a
LV-FS (%) 0.36 ± 0.08 0.34 ± 0.05 0.185a
LVM (gr) 67.03 ± 22.89 69 ± 18.26 0.440b
E/A 1.78 ± 0.27 1.93 ± 0.32 0.019a
L-sist (ms) 340.34 ± 42.89 346.83 ± 28.01 0.485b
MAPSE (cm) 1.09 ± 0.18 1.07 ± 0.17 0.672b
LVEDP (mmHg) 26.45 ± 5.11 26.96 ± 4.63 0.451b
LVWI (gm-m/m2) 35.61 ± 9.41 33.32 ± 7.24 0.387b
WSM (g/cm2) 1114.18 ± 595.42 1356.16 ± 562.54 0.053a
ESWSm (g/cm2) 172.5 ± 58.05 209.22 ± 55.53 0.003a
VCFc (circ/s) 0.0051005 ± 0.00 0,0057375 ± 0.00 0.044b
Sfmid (%) -0.36 ± 0.10 -0.38 ± 0.07 0.257b
Fiber stress (g/cm2) 36.55 ± 9.32 39.74 ± 11.61 0.160b
Midwall VCFc (circ/s) 0.67 ± 0.01 0.68 ± 0.01 0.160b
  1. LSV Left ventricle stroke volume, LVWT Left ventricular wall thickness, EF Ejection fraction, DT Deceleration time, LV_FS Left ventricle fractional shortening, LVM Left ventricular mass, A Peak velocity during late diastole, E Peak velocity during early diastole, L-sist T Left Systolic Time (Contraction time), MAPSE Mitral annular plane systolic excursion; LVEDP Left Ventricle end-diastolic Pressure, LVWI Left ventricular work index; WSM Meridional LV wall stress, ESWSm Meridional end-systolic wall stress, VCFc Rate-corrected velocity of circumferential fiber shortening
  2. a Student’s t test, b Mann-Whitney u test