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Table 2 Symptom presentation in patients with and without diabetes. Crude and adjusted odds ratio (OR) and confidence interval (CI) for having different symptoms

From: Symptoms and delay times during myocardial infarction in 694 patients with and without diabetes; an explorative cross-sectional study

Symptoms Patients with diabetes, n = 96 Patients without diabetes, n = 598  
Pain, discomfort, or pressure location n (%) n (%) Crude OR (95 % CI) Adjusted OR (95 % CI)
Chest or thoracic 78 (81.3) 535 (89.5) 0.51 (0.29–0.91) 0.57 (0.31–1.04)
Throat or neck 25 (26.0) 118 (19.7) 1.43 (0.87–2.36) 1.36 (0.82–2.25)
Jaw or teeth 15 (15.6) 65 (10,9) 1.52 (0.83–2.79) 1.44 (0.78–2.67)
Back 18 (18.8) 99 (16.6) 1.16 (0.67–2.03) 1.07 (0.60–1.88)
Stomach 10 (10.4) 48 (8.0) 1.33 (0.65–2.73) 1.36 (0.66–2.80)
Shoulders 34 (35.4) 110 (18.4) 2.43 (1.53–3.88) 2.30 (1.43–3.70)
Arms/hands 50 (52.1) 331 (55.4) 0.88 (0.57–1.35) 0.84 (0.54–1.30)
Other symptoms     
Numbness in arms/hands 24 (25.0) 183 (30.6) 0.76 (0.46–1.24) 0.76 (0.46–1.25)
Tiredness 41 (42.7) 186 (31.1) 1.65 (1.06–2.56) 1.62 (1.03–2.52)
Weakness 37 (38.5) 234 (39.1) 0.98 (0.63–1.52) 0.96 (0.61–1.49)
Shortness of breath 40 (41.7) 184 (30.8) 1.61 (1.03–2.50) 1.61 (1.03–2.51)
Vertigo/pre-syncope 23 (24.0) 140 (23.4) 1.03 (0.62–1.71) 1.02 (0.61–1.69)
Nausea/vomiting 26 (27.1) 181 (30.3) 0.86 (0.53–1.39) 0.78 (0.47–1.28)
Cold sweat 40 (41.7) 333 (55.7) 0.57 (0.37–0.88) 0.56 (0.36–0.86)
Anxiety 12 (12.5) 79 (13.2) 0.94 (0.49–1.80) 0.92 (0.48–1.77)
Fear 18 (18.8) 132 (22.1) 0.82 (0.47–1.41) 0.77 (0.44–1.34)
General sick feeling 16 (16.7) 88 (14.7) 1.16 (0.65–2.08) 1.09 (0.61–1.97)
Other 9 (9.4) 41 (6.9) 1.40 (0.66–2.99) 1.37 (0.64–2.94)
  1. Significant results are presented in bold style. Adjusted OR: adjusted for age and sex