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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of the 105 coronary artery disease patients

From: Association of serum leptin levels with central arterial stiffness in coronary artery disease patients

Characteristic Low Arterial Stiffness High Arterial Stiffness P
Gender Male 51 (75.0) 28 (75.7) 0.939
Female 17 (25.0) 9 (24.3)
Diabetes mellitus No 43 (63.2) 11 (29.7) 0.001*
Yes 25 (36.8) 26 (70.3)
Hypertension No 40 (58.8) 12 (32.4) 0.010*
Yes 28 (41.2) 25 (67.6)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor No 53 (77.9) 29 (78.4) 0.959
Yes 15 (22.1) 8 (21.6)
Angiotensin-receptor blocker No 50 (73.5) 27 (73.0) 0.951
Yes 18 (26.5) 10 (27.0)
β-blocker No 36 (52.9) 20 (54.1) 0.913
Yes 32 (47.1) 17 (45.9)
Calcium-channel blocker No 48 (70.6) 22 (59.5) 0.248
Yes 20 (29.4) 15 (40.5)
Statin No 22 (32.4) 14 (37.8) 0.572
Yes 46 (67.6) 23 (62.2)
Fibrate No 50 (73.5) 30 (81.1) 0.385
Yes 14 (26.5) 7 (18.9)
  1. Data are expressed as number (percentage), and were analysed with the chi-square test
  2. *P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant