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Table 6 Univariate and multivariate predictors of pocket hematoma

From: Bleeding complications during cardiac electronic device implantation in patients receiving antithrombotic therapy: is there any value of local tranexamic acid?

  Univariate Multivariate
Variables OR 95 % CI P-value OR 95 % CI P-value
Age 1.043 1.002–1.085 0.040    
Presence of LV thrombus 3.782 0.939–15.228 0.061    
History of recent stent implantation 13.225 3.734–46.839 <0.001    
Spironolactone use 3.449 1.340–8.879 0.010    
Periprocedural warfarin use 0.110 0.035–0.341 <0.001    
Periprocedural warfarin plus DAPT use 12.149 4.483–32.920 <0.001 10.874 2.496–47.365 0.001
ICD device 6.686 0.860–51.991 0.069    
Three lead implantation 2.406 1.006–5.757 0.049    
Topical TXA use during CIED implantation 0.231 0.075–0.716 0.011 0.059 0.012–0.300 0.001
  1. CI confidence interval, CIED cardiac electronic device implantation, DAPT dual antiplatelet therapy, ICD implantable cardioverter defibrillator, LV left ventricular, MBC major bleeding complications, PH pocket hematoma, TXA tranexamic acid