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Table 3 Estimated risk of having abnormally high CAVI scores in association with prediabetes and diabetes mellitus among Japanese urban workers and their families

From: Estimating the extent of subclinical arteriosclerosis of persons with prediabetes and diabetes mellitus among Japanese urban workers and their families: a cross-sectional study

  Prediabetes Diabetes mellitus
  OR   95 % CI OR   95 % CI
   lower upper   lower upper
Men         
 (1) Crude 1.56 *** 1.36 1.78 2.98 *** 2.50 3.56
 (2) Adjusted for age 1.32 *** 1.15 1.51 2.38 *** 1.97 2.88
 (3) Adjusted for CVD risk factors 1.29 ** 1.11 1.48 2.41 *** 1.97 2.95
Women         
 (1) Crude 1.30 *** 1.16 1.45 2.90 *** 2.29 3.66
 (2) Adjusted for age 1.12   0.99 1.25 2.19 *** 1.72 2.78
 (3) Adjusted for CVD risk factors 1.14 * 1.01 1.28 2.52 *** 1.94 3.28
  1. Note: OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval; *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001; (1) Prediabetes or diabetes was included alone as a covariate in logistic regression analysis. (2) Age breakdowns (<50, 50-59, 60-69, ≥70 years of age) were added to logistic regression analysis. (3) Other CVD risk factors (hypertension, HDL-C, TG, BMI, drinking, and smoking) were further added to logistic regression analysis