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Table 5 Risk factors associated with a decrease of 10 % of the ankle-brachial index (ABI). Multivariate logistic regression model

From: Incidence of peripheral arterial disease in the ARTPER population cohort after 5 years of follow-up

Baseline variablesa OR CI 95 % p
Age (by year) 1.03 1.01–1.04 0.001
Education level    
 Illiterate 1.00   
 Primary education 0.52 0.33–0.83 0.005
 Secondary education or University 0.65 0.39–1.08 0.097
Smoking habit    
 Never smoker   1.00  
 Former smoker 1.42 1.08–1.85 0.011
 Current smoker 2.04 1.51–2.75 0.000
Physical activity limitations    
 None 1.00   
 Moderate 1.34 1.05–1.72 0.018
 Only light activities or any activity causes breathlessness 1.22 0.78–1.90 0.388
  1. a123 subjects with missing values excluded