Skip to main content

Table 2 Participant characteristics

From: Are lifestyle cardiovascular disease risk factors associated with pre-hypertension in 15–18 years rural Nigerian youth? A cross sectional study

Physical characteristics Boys mean (SD) Girls mean (SD) Gender differences (p value)
Age (years) 16.4 (1.1) 16.3 (1.2) p > 0.05
Height (cm)a 160.7 (9.4) 158.3 (6.1) p < 0.05
Weight (kgs) 48.8 (8.3) 49.5 (7.3) p > 0.05
Waist circumference (cm)a 26.3 (2.0) 25.5 (1.7) P < 0.05
Hip circumference (cm)a 30.8 (2.5) 33.0 (2.6) p < 0.05
Waist-hip ratio 0.8 (0.5) 0.8 (0.6) p > 0.05
BMIa 18.8 (2.6) 19.7 (2.4) p < 0.05
 • Underweight % 9.6 9.7 p < 0.05
 • Normal weight% 75.5 75.1 p < 0.05
 • Overweight % 3.6 10.6 p < 0.05
 • Obese % 11.4 4.7 p < 0.05
Systolic BP 116.6 (12.3) 115.4 (11.2) p > 0.05
 • pre-hypertension % 31.4 34.9 p > 0.05
 • hypertension % 5.7 3.2 p > 0.05
Diastolic BPa 64.4 (8.5) 66.5 (8.9) P < 0.05
 • pre-hypertension % 4.2 6.7 p > 0.05
 • hypertension % 0.8 0.9 p > 0.05
  1. Key aindicates significant differences