Skip to main content

Table 1 Patient baseline characteristics according to discharge diagnosis and overall

From: Management of acute coronary syndromes in a developing country; time for a paradigm shift? an observational study

Variable STEMI (n = 84) ACS (n = 172) Total (n = 256) P value
Sex Male 22 (26.2 %) 93 (54.1 %) 115 (44.9 %)  
Female 62 (73.8 %) 79 (45.9 %) 141 (55.1 %)
Age (Y)-mean 62.19 (SD = 11.4) 63.7 (SD = 11.1) 63.2 (SD = 11.2) 0.316
Age Strata <50 year 13 (15.5 %) 21 (12.2 %) 34 (13.3 %) 0.564
51–70 year 49 (58.3 %) 96 (55.8 %) 145 (56.6 %)
>70 year 22 (26.2 %) 55 (31.9 %) 77 (30.1 %)
Race Sinhala 61 (72.6 %) 151 (87.8 %) 212 (82.8 %)  
Muslim 15 (17.9 %) 17 (9.9 %) 32 (12.5 %)
Tamil 8 (9.5 %) 4 (2.3 %) 12 (4.7 %)
Presentation     
Chest pain 75 (89.3 %) 149 (86.6 %) 224 (87.5 %) 0.546
Shortness of breath 1 (1.2 %) 6 (3.5 %) 7 (2.7 %) 0.290
Median time to present (minutes) 60 120 120 0.058
Presenting time >6 h 12 (14.3 %) 34 (19.8 %) 46 (18 %) 0.480
Delay at transfer in minutes (median) 120, IQR = 397.2 240, IQR = 720 180, IQR = 634.8 0.334
Risk Factors     
Coronary artery disease/MI 7 (8.3 %) 46 (26.7 %) 53 (20.7 %) 0.001
Heart Failure 7 (8.3 %) 19 (11.2 %) 26 (10.2 %) 0.059
Stroke 0 (0 %) 7 (4.1 %) 7 (2.8 %) 0.158
Family History Of Cardio Vascular Disease 19 (22.6 %) 32 (18.9 %) 51 (20.1 %) 0.355
History of PCI or CABG 1 (1.2 %) 0 (0 %) 1 (0.4 %) 0.155
Hypertension 26 (31 %) 99 (57.6 %) 125 (48.8 %) 0.001
Dyslipidemia 7 (8.3 %) 12 (7 %) 19 (7.4 %) 0.726
Diabetes Mellitus 27 (32.1 %) 64 (37.2 %) 91 (35.5 %) 0.371
BMI mean 24.63 (SD = 5.287) 23 (SD = 3.687) 23.51 (SD = 4.312) 0.018
Normal BMI (<23 kg/m2) 34 (40.5 %) 86 (50 %) 120 (46.9 %)  
Over Weight (BMI 23–27 kg/m2) 31 (36.9 %) 61 (35.5 %) 92 (35.9 %)
Obese (BMI >27 kg/m2) 19 (22.6 %) 25 (14.5 %) 44 (17.2 %)
Waist circumference (mean) in cm 85.61 83.54 84.23 0.092
Current Smoker 17 (20.2 %) 12 (7 %) 29 (11.3 %) 0.001
Alcohol Misuse 23 (27.4 %) 25 (14.5 %) 48 (18.8 %) 0.035