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Table 2 cIMT and plaque measures in patients with diabetes and hyperlipidemia

From: Clinical implications of carotid artery intima media thickness assessment on cardiovascular risk stratification in hyperlipidemic Korean adults with diabetes: the ALTO study

  Total Men Women p-value
Age (years)   n   n   
Mean cIMT (mm)
<40 0.522 ± 0.086 12 0.525 ± 0.069 7 0.514 ± 0.114  
40–49 0.532 ± 0.090 39 0.555 ± 0.089 21 0.489 ± 0.076  
50–59 0.586 ± 0.101 60 0.589 ± 0.084 54 0.582 ± 0.118  
60–69 0.612 ± 0.114 44 0.650 ± 0.124 61 0.585 ± 0.098  
≥70 0.691 ± 0.116 23 0.737 ± 0.066 33 0.677 ± 0.122  
Total 0.598 ± 0.116 178 0.610 ± 0.110 177 0.587 ± 0.119 0.082
Max cIMT (mm)
<40 0.526 ± 0.087 12 0.532 ± 0.072 7 0.514 ± 0.114  
40–49 0.532 ± 0.090 39 0.555 ± 0.090 21 0.489 ± 0.076  
50–59 0.600 ± 0.132 60 0.603 ± 0.120 54 0.597 ± 0.145  
60–69 0.617 ± 0.125 44 0.661 ± 0.145 61 0.585 ± 0.098  
≥70 0.705 ± 0.141 23 0.736 ± 0.157 34 0.684 ± 0.126a  
Total 0.606 ± 0.134 178 0.619 ± 0.137 177 0.593 ± 0.130 0.062
Plaque (presence, %)
<40 8/19 (42.1) 12 6/12 (50.0) 7 2/7 (28.6)  
40–49 30/60 (50.0) 39 20/39 (51.3) 21 10/21 (47.6)  
50–59 74/114 (64.9) 60 41/60 (68.3) 54 33/54 (61.1)  
60–69 84/105 (80.0) 44 39/44 (88.6) 61 45/61 (73.8)  
≥70 49/57 (86.0) 23 20/23 (87.0) 34 29/34 (85.3)  
Total 245/355 (69.0) 178 126/178 (70.8) 177 119/177 (67.2) 0.469
Plaque (number)
<40 0.526 ± 0.697 12 0.583 ± 0.669 7 0.429 ± 0.787  
40–49 0.700 ± 0.830 39 0.718 ± 0.826 21 0.667 ± 0.856  
50–59 1.377 ± 1.502 60 1.600 ± 1.639 54 1.130 ± 1.304  
60–69 2.257 ± 2.756 44 3.273 ± 3.681 61 1.525 ± 1.468  
≥70 2.509 ± 2.213 23 2.696 ± 2.363 34 2.382 ± 2.132  
Total 1.659 ± 2.083 178 1.893 ± 2.462 177 1.424 ± 1.587 0.034
  1. aOne study subject who had mean and maximum cIMT of 2 mm was excluded as an outlier
  2. cIMT, carotid intima media thickness