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Table 1 General characteristics of the study population by HAART status

From: Highly active antiretroviral therapy and dyslipidemia in people living with HIV/AIDS in Fako Division, South West Region of Cameroon

Variables HAART experienced Group (n = 157) HAART-naïve Group (n = 52) Total p-value
Gender Male, n(%) 34 (21.7) 17 (32.7) 51 (24.4)  
Female, n(%) 123 (78.3) 35 (67.3) 158 (75.6)  
Age (years) Mean ± SD 44.9 (10.7) 38.8 (10.8) 43.4 (11.0) 0.0002
21-30 years, n(%) 12 (7.6) 12 (23.1) 24 (11.5)  
31-40 years, n(%) 48 (30.6) 19 (36.5) 67 (32.1)  
41-50 years, n(%) 52 (33.1) 15 (28.8) 67 (32.1)  
> 50 years, n(%) 45 (28.7) 6 (11.5) 51 (24.4)  
BMI (kg/m2) Mean ± SD 27.0 (5.4) 25.3 (4.6) 26.6 (5.3) 0.0188
< 18 kg/m2, n(%) 3 (1.9) 1 (1.9) 4 (1.9)  
18-24.9 kg/m2, n(%) 64 (40.8) 2548.1) 89 (42.6)  
25.0-29.9 kg/m2, n(%) 50 (31.8) 18 (34.6) 68 (32.5)  
≥ 30 kg/m2, n(%) 40 (25.5) 8 (15.4) 48 (23.0)  
CD4+ T cell count* Mean ± SD 430.3 (301.2) 411 (222.5) 424.9 (280.6) 0.7389
  < 200 cells\μl 20 (23.5) 6 (18.2) 26 (22.0)  
  200-499 cells\μl 36 (42.4) 14 (42.4) 50 (42.4)  
  ≥ 500 cells\μl 29 (34.1) 13 (39.4) 42 (35.6)  
Alcohol intake No, n(%) 131 (83.4) 40 (76.9) 171 (81.8)  
  Yes, n(%) 26 (16.6) 12 (23.1) 38 (18.2)  
Cigarette smoking No, n(%) 154 (98.1) 51 (98.1) 205 (98.1)  
  Yes, n(%) 03 (1.9) 01 (1.9) 04 (1.9)  
Hypertension Not present, n(%) 118 (75.2) 45 (86.5) 163 (78.0)  
  Present, n(%) 39 (24.8) 07 (13.5) 46 (22.0)  
Diabetes Mellitus Not present, n(%) 154 (98.1) 50 (96.2) 204 (97.6)  
  Present, n(%) 03 (1.9) 02 (3.8) 05 (2.4)  
Obesity Not present, n(%) 117 (74.5) 44 (84.6) 161 (77.0)  
  Present, n(%) 40 (25.5) 08 (15.2) 48 (23.0)  
  1. HAART-Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy, CD-Cluster of differentiation, SD-Standard Deviation, *-CD4+ T cell count values available for n = 118