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Table 3 Associations between pulse wave velocity and variables measured in childhood and adulthood

From: Associations between risk factors in childhood (12–13 years) and adulthood (48–49 years) and subclinical atherosclerosis: the Kaunas Cardiovascular Risk Cohort Study

Variable Men Women
β 95 % CI P value β 95 % CI P value
Model 1
Childhood systolic BP, mm Hg (for a 1-SD change) 0.221 −0.190;0.631 0.290 −0.076 −0.318;0.166 0.537
Childhood BMI kg/m2 0.054 −0.070;0.177 0.391 0.028 −0.064;0.121 0.544
Sexual maturity score 0.079 −0.184;0.342 0.553 0.102 0.015;0.188 0.022
R2 0.024 0.046
Model 2
Childhood systolic BP, mm Hg (for a 1-SD change) 0.045 −0.372;0.462 0.832 −0.165 −0.409;0.079 0.184
Childhood BMI kg/m2 0.069 −0.067;0.206 0.319 −0.003 −0.111;0.105 0.953
Sexual maturity score −0.001 −0.014;0.011 0.853 0.100 0.014;0.185 0.023
Adult systolic BP, mm Hg (for a 1-SD change) 0.726 0.328;1.123 <0.001 0.476 0.208;0.744 0.001
HDL cholesterol mmol/l −0.215 −1.028;0.598 0.602 −0.102 −0.727;0.523 0.748
LDL cholesterol mmol/l −0.049 −0.363;0.266 0.761 −0.033 −0.249;0.183 0.763
Adult BMI, kg/m2 0.005 −0.083;0.094 0.903 0.025 −0.036;0.086 0.412
Daily smoking 0.263 −0.440;0.966 0.460 −0.314 −0.918;0.291 0.307
Education −0.016 −0.434;0.401 0.939 −0.012 −0.318;0.294 0.939
R2 0.117 0.133
  1. Reference group for daily smokers was nonsmokers and occasional smokers.
  2. Abbreviations: BMI body mass index; BP blood pressure, CI confidence interval; HDL high density lipoprotein; LDL low-density lipoprotein