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Table 5 Changes in the proportion of high-risk individuals with and without diabetes achieving the targets between the initial and one year assessments

From: Comparison of treatment outcomes in patients with and without diabetes mellitus attending a multidisciplinary cardiovascular prevention programme (a retrospective analysis of the EUROACTION trial)

  DM NON-DM
  IA 1 year Diff % P value IA 1 year Diff % P value
Not smoking 261/316 (82.6) 270/316 (85.4) 2.8% 0.035 455/703 (64.7) 479/703 (68.1) 3.4% 0.0003
Oily fish target 17/312 (5.4) 29/312 (9.3) 3.8% 0.008 34/700 (4.9) 84/700 (12.0) 7.1% <0.001
Fish target 214/333 (62.3) 256/333 (76.9) 12.6% <0.001 457/764 (59.8) 561/764 (73.4) 13.6% <0.001
F/V target 190/316 (60.1) 262/316 (82.9) 22.7% <0.001 329/703 (46.8) 532/703 (75.7) 28.9% <0.001
PA target 95/312 (30.4) 206/312 (66.0) 35.6% <0.001 205/698 (29.4) 536/698 (76.8) 47.4% 0.002
Mean Steps/day 6185 7294 1109 <0.001 6900 7984 1084 <0.001
Ideal WC Females 8/158 (5.1) 13/158 (8.2) 3.2% 0.025 83/338 (24.6) 97/338 (28.7) 4.1% 0.029
Ideal WC Males 30/146 (20.5) 39/146 (26.7) 6.2% 0.023 133/353 (37.7) 155/353 (43.9) 6.2% 0.005
BMI target 24/312 (7.7) 31/312 (9.9) 2.2% 0.06 169/697 (24.2) 196/697 (28.1) 3.9% 0.0001
Mean weight 83.6 82.5 −1.1 <0.001 78.7 77.6 −1.1 <0.001
Mean TC 5.48 5.11 −0.37 <0.001 6.14 5.63 −0.5 <0.001
Mean LDL 3.28 2.9 −0.38 <0.001 3.85 3.43 −0.42 <0.001
Mean SBP 140.6 133.9 −6.7 <0.001 141.4 133.6 −7.8 <0.001
Mean DBP 81.6 77.9 −3.7 <0.001 85.6 81.3 −4.2 <0.001
TC target 82/295 (27.8) 143/295 (48.5) 20.7% <0.001 63/672 (9.4) 152/672 (22.6) 13.2% <0.001
LDL target 93/274 (33.9) 157/271 (57.3) 23.4% <0.001 96/652 (14.7) 196/652 (30.1) 15.3% <0.001
BP target (<130/85 DM; <140/90 Non-DM) 76/311 (24.4) 120/311 (38.6) 14.1% <0.001 286/698 (40.9) 467/698 (66.9) 25.9% <0.001
Mean HbA1c 6.6 6.4 0.20 0.002 n/a n/a n/a n/a
BB 62/129 (48.0) 62/129 (48.0) 0% 1.000 77/496 (15.5) 99/496 (19.9) 4.4% 0.0002
ACEI/ARB 128/184 (69.6) 131/184 (71.2) 1.6% 0.508 142/517 (27.5) 203/517 (39.3) 11.8% <0.001
Anti-platelet 32/111 (28.8) 40/111 (36.0) 7.2% 0.008 50/483 (10.3) 71/483 (14.7) 4.3% <0.001
Statins 73/164 (44.5) 102/164 (62.2) 17.7% <0.001 77/542 (14.2) 200/542 (36.9) 22.7% <0.001
  1. Data are proportion as a percentage % (of the numbers in each group who had both IA and one year data for the variables in question) and percent difference between IA and one year; ACEI/ARB- angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker; BB- beta blocker; BMI- body mass index; CCB- calcium channel blocker; DBP- diastolic blood pressure; LDL- low density lipoprotein cholesterol; n/a- not applicable; SBP- systolic blood pressure; SF- saturated fat; TC- total cholesterol; TG- triglyceride.