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Table 2 Proportion of coronary patients and high-risk individuals meeting the targets at initial assessment

From: Comparison of treatment outcomes in patients with and without diabetes mellitus attending a multidisciplinary cardiovascular prevention programme (a retrospective analysis of the EUROACTION trial)

  Coronary patients High-risk individuals
  DM Non-DM P value DM Non-DM P value
Age yrs. (mean, SD) 62.5 (9.5) 59.8 (10.4) 0.002 62.8 (8.0) 59.9 (7.6) <0.001
% Female 60/179 (33.5) 210/777 (27.0) 0.082 176/340 (51.8) 446/917 (48.6) 0.324
% Not smoking 169/179 (94.4) 718/777 (92.4) 0.350 277/339 (81.7) 489/772 (63.3) <0.001
SF target 5/24 (20.8) 53/108 (49.1) 0.012    
Oily fish target 6/130 (4.6) 27/ 607 (4.5) 0.933 19/333 (5.7) 36/762 (4.7) 0.494
Fish target 102/179 (56.9) 416/776 (53.6) 0.414 214/333 (64.3) 457/764 (59.8) 0.165
Fruit/veg target 93/179 (51.9) 354/776 (45.6) 0.126 200/333 (60.1) 349/763 (45.7) <0.001
Physical Activity 39/178 (21.9) 205/775 (26.5) 0.211 95/333 (28.5) 218/762 (28.6) 0.386
Waist circum. (cm)
Mean (SD) 101.5 (11.4) 95.9 (11.5) <0.001 102.2 (12.7) 95.3 (12.9) <0.001
% At target:
≤80 cm women 5/59 (8.5) 45/209 (21.5) 0.023 8/176 (4.6) 86/446 (19.3) <0.001
≤94 cm men 27/118 (22.9) 207/566 (36.6) 0.004 32/164 (19.5) 147/471 (31.2) 0.004
BMI (kg/m 2 )
Mean (SD) 29.9 (4.8) 27.8 (4.1) <0.001 30.8 (4.8) 28.3 (4.7) <0.001
% At target 20/178 (11.2) 196/775 (25.3) <0.001 26/340 (7.7) 183/917 (19.9) <0.001
TC (mmol/l)
Mean (SD) 4.36 (1.0) 4.60 (1.1) 0.009 5.5 (0.1) 6.1 (0.03) <0.001
% At target 133/179 (74.3) 531/777 (68.3) 0.118 96/340 (28.2) 79/917 (8.6) <0.001
LDL (mmol/l)
Mean (SD) 2.56 (0.9) 2.77 (0.9) 0.014 3.3 (0.1) 3.8 (0.03) <0.001
% At target 116/161 (72.1) 428/676 (63.3) 0.037 108/340 (31.8) 114/917 (12.4) <0.001
HDL (mmol/l) mean (SD) 1.09 (0.3) 1.20 (0.4) 0.002 1.4 (0.4) 1.5 (0.4) <0.001
TG (mmol/l) mean, (SD) 1.59 (0.8) 1.44 (0.9) 0.059 1.8 (0.1) 1.6 (0.03) 0.001
SBP mmHg       
mean (SD) 131.7 (18.6) 127.1 (18.1) 0.005 140.3 (18.5) 141.1 (18.7) 0.520
DBP mmHg mean (SD) 74.5 (10.8) 75.7 (10.7) 0.204 81.5 (9.5) 85.4 (10.9) <0.001
BP target <140/90 mmHg 95/149 (63.8) 518/690 (75.1) 0.005 158/340 (46.5) 324/917 (35.3) <0.001
BP target <130/85 mmHg 61/149 (40.9) 383/690 (55.5) 0.001 82/340 (24.1) 170/917 (18.5) <0.001
BB 141/165 (85.5) 609/734 (82.9) 0.438 66/170 (38.8) 81/640 (12.7) <0.001
ACE/ARB 116/166 (69.9) 407/685 (59.2) 0.013 136/224 (60.7) 56/668 (23.4) <0.001
Anti-platelets 171/177 (96.6) 735/766 (95.9) 0.685 33/147 (22.5) 53/633 (8.4) <0.001
STATINS 144/168 (85.7) 607/721 (84.2) 0.623 81/188 (43.0) 85/646 (13.2) <0.001
  1. Data are n/N (%) unless otherwise stated; ACEI/ARB-angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin II receptor blocker; BB- beta-blocker; BMI-body mass index; CCB-calcium channel blocker; DBP- diastolic blood pressure; HDL-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL- low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; SBP-systolic blood pressure; SD-standard deviation; SF- saturated fat; TC- total cholesterol; TG- triglyceride.