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Table 3 Comparison of respondents with and without subclinical atherosclerosis at baseline but who experience an incident CVD event during 2 years of follow-up

From: Atherosclerosis profile and incidence of cardiovascular events: a population-based survey

Characteristics Atherosclerosis at baseline + incident CVD event
(n = 75)
No Atherosclerosis at baseline + incident CVD event
(n = 878)
Age, years, mean (SD) 68.1 (11.2)* 59.0 (14.5)
Male, n (%) 44 (58.7%)* 303 (34.5%)
Race, n (%)   
   White 64 (85.3%) 748 (85.2%)
   Black 3 (4.0%) 79 (9.0%)
   Other 2 (2.7%) 14 (1.6%)
Income ≥$40,000, n (%) 38 (50.7%) 408 (46.5%)
Geographic region, n (%)   
   Northeast 13 (17.3%) 189 (21.5%)
   South Atlantic 17 (22.7%) 189 (21.5%)
   Central 35 (46.7%) 357 (40.7%)
   Mountain 4 (5.3%) 53 (6.0%)
   Pacific 6 (8.0%) 90 (10.3%)
Dyslipidemia diagnosis, n (%) 61 (81.3%)* 549 (62.5%)
Circulation problem diagnosis, n (%) 39 (52.0%)* 136 (15.5%)
Diabetes diagnosis, n (%) 22 (29.3%)* 378 (43.1%)
Hypertension diagnosis, n (%) 60 (80.0%)* 565 (64.4%)
BMI category, n (%)   
   Underweight 0 9 (1.1%)
   Normal weight 8 (11.1%) 123 (14.4%)
   Overweight 30 (41.7%) 237 (27.7%)
   Obese 34 (47.2%) 486 (56.8%)
Abdominal obesity (waist circumference), n (%)† 43 (84.3%) 385 (79.4%)
Cholesterol test in past year, n (%)† 67 (93.1%)* 670 (83.1%)
Smoking, n (%)   
   Current smoker 15 (20.0%) 152 (17.5%)
   Past smoker 34 (45.3%) 304 (35.1%)
   Never smoked 26 (34.7%) 411 (47.4%)
  1. *p < 0.05; †Group n slightly less than other variables
  2. BMI = body mass index; CVD = cardiovascular disease