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Table 1 Baseline characteristics and clinical data for conventional risk factors

From: RAS gene polymorphisms, classical risk factors and the advent of coronary artery disease in the Portuguese population

  Control CAD P
n 510 298  
Gender (Male/Female, %) 57.84/42.16 78.86/31.82 ***
Age (years, mean) 47.47 ± 12.55 54.96 ± 10.40 ***
Familiar CAD history (%) 12,16 56,04 ***
Sedentarism (%) 61.96 58.39 NS
Smoking habit (%) 26.86 38.93 ***
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 127.54 ± 17.43 134.63 ± 20.43 ***
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 75.83 ± 10.69 79.10 ± 10.46 ***
Arterial hypertension (%) 22.35 58.72 ***
PWV (m/s) 8.80 ± 1.89 10.26 ± 2.13 ***
Body mass index (kg/m2) 26.41 27.80 ***
Glycaemia (mg/dl) 97.96 ± 24.47 119.94 ± 50.60 ***
Diabetes mellitus (%) 3.14 23.15 ***
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 217.72 ± 44.73 205.39 ± 48.14 **
HDL (mg/dl) 57.15 ± 17.04 39.74 ± 9.75 ***
LDL (mg/dl) 114.70 ± 37.27 119.02 ± 44.08 NS
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 130.73 ± 85.71 192.97 ± 142.96 ***
Dyslipidaemia (%) 11.76 70.81 ***
  1. Values presentation: mean ± SD; *P < 0.05, **P < 0.005, ***P < 0.0001, NS not significant P > 0.05; PWV, pulse wave velocity; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein.