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Table 1 Baseline characteristics among those with and without diabetes.

From: The impact of diabetes on one-year health status outcomes following acute coronary syndromes

Variables Diabetes (n = 326) No Diabetes (n = 873) p-value
Demographic
Age, yrs (mean, SD) 62 (12) 61 (13) 0.58
Gender (% male) 51% 65% <0.001
Race (%)    
   Caucasian 72% 84% <0.001
   African American 24% 13%  
   Hispanic 3% 2%  
   Other 1% 1%  
Cardiac History
Heart failure (%) 14% 4% <0.001
Left ventricular ejection fraction (mean, SD) 47% (13) 47% (13) 0.82
Prior MI (%) 44% 28% <0.001
Prior PCI (%) 38% 33% 0.11
Prior CABG (%) 24% 17% 0.01
Family history of CAD (%) 59% 55% 0.21
Non-Cardiac History
Hypertension (%) 79% 61% <0.001
Hyperlipidemia (%) 46% 33% <0.001
History of smoking (%) 58% 70% <0.001
Alcohol or substance abuse (%) 5% 10% 0.003
Chronic Lung Disease (%) 14% 10% 0.03
Stroke (%) 4% 1% 0.002
PVD (%) 11% 4% <0.001
Renal Failure (%) 4% 1% 0.01
Admit Creatinine < 2.0 (%) 94% 98% <0.001
Arthritis (%) 16% 14% 0.60
  1. CHF = congestive heart failure; MI = myocardial infarction; PCI = percutaneous intervention; CABG = coronary artery bypass graft surgery; CAD = coronary artery disease; PVD = peripheral vascular disease