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Table 3 Univariate Predictors of In-Hospital Mortality

From: Survival of patients treated with intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation at a tertiary care center in Pakistan – patient characteristics and predictors of in-hospital mortality

  Survived (%) (n = 62) Died (%) (n = 33) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) p value
Age (SD) 56.9 (10.1) 62.5 (10.3) 1.06 (1.01–1.11) * 0.016
Male Gender 51 (82.3) 24 (72.7) 0.58 (0.21–1.57) 0.281
Diabetes 20 (32.3) 21 (63.6) 3.68 (1.51–8.92) 0.004
Hypertension 32 (51.6) 21 (63.6) 1.64 (0.69–3.93) 0.263
Smoking 25 (40.3) 11 (33.3) 1.35 (0.56–3.27) 0.504
Previous PCI 20 (32.3) 9 (27.3) 0.79 (0.31–2.0) 0.616
Previous CABG 40 (64.5) 6 (18.2) 0.12 (0.04–0.34) <0.001
Cardiogenic Shock 22 (35.5) 24 (72.7) 4.85 (1.92–12.2) 0.001
3-vessel disease** 44 (72.1) 28 (87.5) 2.70 (0.83–8.89) 0.101
LV dysfunction *** 30 (48.4) 20 (60.6) 1.64 (0.70–3.87) 0.258
Revascularized 58 (95.1) 16 (48.5) 0.05 (0.01–0.19) < 0.001
  1. SD = standard deviation. PCI = percutaneous coronary intervention. CABG = coronary artery bypass graft. LV = left ventricular
  2. * for every 1 year increase in age
  3. ** vs. no 3-vessel disease
  4. *** moderate/severely impaired LV function vs. normal/mildly impaired