Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of patients analyzed

From: Relationships between obesity, glycemic control, and cardiovascular risk factors: a pooled analysis of cross-sectional data from Spanish patients with type 2 diabetes in the preinsulin stage

  All patients Mena Womena
Characteristic (N = 6442) (N = 3405) (N = 3036)
Sex: Female [n (%)] 3036 (47.1)
Current age (years) [mean (SD)] 63.2 (10.9) 62.2 (10.8) 64.3 (11.0)
  < 45 [n (%)] 324 (5.0) 186 (5.5) 138 (4.6)
  45–64 [n (%)] 3074 (47.7) 1756 (51.6) 1317 (43.4)
  65–75 [n (%)] 2209 (34.3) 1082 (31.8) 1127 (37.1)
  > 75 [n (%)] 824 (12.8) 374 (11.0) 450 (14.8)
BMI (kg/m2) [mean (SD)] 30.3 (5.2) 29.5 (4.4) 31.2 (5.9)
  < 25 [n (%)] 769 (11.9) 431 (12.7) 338 (11.1)
  25 to <30 [n (%)] 2672 (41.5) 1604 (47.1) 1068 (35.2)
  30 to <35 [n (%)] 1979 (30.7) 1010 (29.7) 969 (31.9)
  35 to <40 [n (%)] 711 (11.0) 279 (8.2) 431 (14.2)
  ≥ 40 [n (%)] 311 (4.8) 81 (2.4) 230 (7.6)
Current or previous smoker [n (%)] 2007 (31.2) 1720 (50.5) 287 (9.5)
Waist circumference (cm) [mean (SD)]b 101.8 (12.8) 103.7 (12.2) 99.5 (13.1)
Duration of diabetes (years) [mean (SD)] 7.4 (6.7) 7.0 (6.3) 7.8 (7.0)
Patients on oral antidiabetes drugs [n (%)] 6046 (93.9) 3173 (93.2) 2872 (94.6)
HbA1c (%) [mean (SD)] 7.4 (1.5) 7.3 (1.5) 7.4 (1.4)
  ≤ 6.5 [n (%)] 1911 (29.7) 1055 (31.0) 856 (28.2)
  > 6.5–7 [n (%)] 939 (14.6) 490 (14.4) 449 (14.8)
  > 7–8 [n (%)] 1664 (25.8) 870 (25.6) 794 (26.2)
  > 8–9 [n (%)] 997 (15.5) 493 (14.5) 504 (16.6)
  > 9 [n (%)] 767 (11.9) 406 (11.9) 360 (11.9)
FBG (mmol/L) [mean (SD)] 9.0 (2.9) 9.0 (2.9) 9.1 (2.9)
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) [mean (SD)] 5.2 (1.1) 5.1 (1.2) 5.3 (1.1)
HDL-C (mmol/L) [mean (SD)] 1.3 (0.4) 1.2 (0.4) 1.3 (0.4)
LDL-C (mmol/L) [mean (SD)] 3.2 (0.9) 3.1 (0.9) 3.2 (0.9)
Triglycerides (mmol/L) [mean (SD)] 1.9 (1.3) 1.9 (1.5) 1.8 (1.1)
SBP (mmHg) [mean (SD)] 139.1 (17.7) 138.0 (17.1) 140.4 (18.3)
DBP (mmHg) [mean (SD)] 79.7 (10.3) 79.5 (10.3) 80.0 (10.2)
  1. Abbreviations: BMI, body mass index; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; FBG, fasting blood glucose; HbA1c: glycosylated hemoglobin; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; SBP, systolic blood pressure; SD, standard deviation; T2D, type 2 diabetes.
  2. aThe sex of 1 patient was not recorded.
  3. bA total of 3709 patients provided data for this variable.