Skip to main content

Table 2 Log-linear model coefficients of systolic and diastolic blood pressure according to depression level and adjusted co-variables

From: Blood pressure values and depression in hypertensive individuals at high cardiovascular risk

  Natural logarithm of systolic blood pressure(mmHg) Natural logarithm of diastolic blood pressure(mmHg)
  Coefficients§ Lower CI 95%§ Upper CI 95%§ P-value Coefficients§ Lower CI 95%§ Upper CI 95%§ P-value
Depression level         
  No Depression Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
  Untreated depressiona -1.59 -2.69 -0.50 0.004 -0.59 -1.64 0.462 0.272
  Treated depressionb -3.49 -4.87 -2.10 0.001 -0.85 -2.18 0.49 0.213
Anti-Anxiety or sedative treatment c -0.82 -1.66 0.02 0.056 -0.18 -0.99 0.62 0.657
Age (years) 0.25 0.20 0.31 0.001 -0.37 -0.42 0-.32 0.001
Sex (Women) -2.60 -3.46 -1.75 0.001 -2.62 -3.44 -1.79 0.001
Educational attainment         
  High level Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
  Middle level 0.96 -0.45 2.37 0.183 1.09 -0.27 2.44 0.117
  Low level 0.13 -1.12 1.38 0.841 -0.42 -1.62 0.78 0.491
Body Mass Index( Kg/m 2 ) 0.24 0.16 0.33 0.001 0.42 0.34 0.50 0.001
Smoking d -0.80 -1.65 0.05 0.064 -0.76 -1.57 0.05 0.067
Low adherence to the MeDiet pattern e 0.11 -0.56 0.78 0.746 -0.01 -0.65 0.64 0.989
Sedentary f 0.17 -0.46 0.80 0.600 -0.07 -0.68 0.54 0.816
High alcohol intake g 0.64 -0.17 1.45 0.122 0.72 -0.06 1.50 0.069
Diabetes h 1.28 0.62 1.94 0.001 -1.94 -2.57 -1.30 0.001
Dyslipidemia i -0.34 -0.34 0.41 0.370 -0.60 -1.31 0.12 0.104
Antihypertensive treatment j 0.55 -0.26 1.37 0.182 0.46 -0.32 1.24 0.252
  1. aDiagnosis of depression and not taking any antidepressant drugs.
  2. bDiagnosis of depression and taking at least one of the following drugs: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, non-selective monoamine reuptake inhibitors, Monoamine oxidase A inhibitors, antidepressants in combination with psycholeptics, others antidepressant agents.
  3. cTaking at least one of the following drugs: benzodiazepine derivatives, azaspirodecanedione derivatives, GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) analogues, natural antianxiety agents, ethanolamine derivatives, other anxiolytics, hypnotics and sedatives agents.
  4. dCurrent smoker.
  5. eAdherence to Mediterranean diet pattern < 9 points (median) on a scale of 0–14.
  6. fPhysical activity in leisure time < 1000 kcal/week in last year.
  7. gAlcohol consumption more than 20gr. daily in men and 10 gr. daily in women.
  8. hDiagnosis of diabetes.
  9. iDiagnosis of dyslipidaemia.
  10. jTaking at least one of the following antihypertensive drugs: angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor (ACE inhibitors), diuretics, calcium channel blockers, angiotensin II receptor antagonists, Beta-blockers, α-blockers, or other antihypertensive drugs.
  11. Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test (p value): 0.271.
  12. Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test (p value): 0.56.
  13. §Coefficients values multiplied by 100.