Skip to main content

Table 1 The baseline demographic data of participants according to glucose tolerance status

From: High pericardial and peri-aortic adipose tissue burden in pre-diabetic and diabetic subjects

  No diabetes Pre-DM DM  
N = 357 N = 155 N = 50 Trend P
Age 47.5 ± 7.7 51 ± 8* 53.5 ± 8* <0.001
Gender, female 127 (35.6%) 22 (14%) 12 (24%) <0.001
SBP, mmHg 116.9 ± 15.4 124.6 ± 16.8* 130.2 ± 16.7* <0.001
BMI, kg/m2 23.6 ± 3.1 25.3 ± 3.1* 26.2 ± 3.8* <0.001
BSA, m2 1.72 ± 0.17 1.8 ± 0.16 1.81 ± 0.15 <0.001
WC, cm 81 ± 8.9 86.9 ± 8.3* 89.2 ± 8.7* <0.001
Body Fat, % 24.9 ± 6.2 25.9 ± 6.2 27.3 ± 9.1* 0.08
PCF, ml 68.2 ± 25.5 86.8 ± 26.9 91 ± 24.1 0.005
TAT, ml 6.4 ± 3.3 8.7 ± 4.2 9.5 ± 3.2 0.005
Hypertension 30 (7.7%) 27 (17.5%) 17 (34%) <0.001
Hyperlipidemia 14 (3.6%) 9 (5.8%) 5 (10%) 0.157
Smoking 83 (21.3%) 38 (24.7%) 16 (32%) 0.172
Fasting Glucose, mg/dL 91.6 ± 5.7 103.6 ± 8.6* 159.7 ± 52.7 <0.001
Post-prandial Glucose, mg/dL 99.3 ± 15.7 117.5 ± 30.1* 205.2 ± 85.9 <0.001
HbA1c, % 5.67 ± 0.32 5.93 ± 0.41* 7.52 ± 1.85 <0.001
HOMA-IR 1.25 ± 0.85 1.81 ± 1.09* 3.42 ± 2.2 <0.001
Uric Acid, mg/dL 5.58 ± 1.37 6.35 ± 1.48* 6.04 ± 1.28Υ <0.001
Total Cholesterol, mg/dL 192.5 ± 33.9 195.1 ± 31.9 191.2 ± 39.7 0.79
TG, mg/dL 126.4 ± 65.1 145.3 ± 85.6* 204.6 ± 158.5 <0.001
LDL cholesterol, mg/dL 125.2 ± 31 128.8 ± 31 122.8 ± 32 0.67
HDL cholesterol, mg/dL 53.5 ± 13.5 49.8 ± 13.4* 44.1 ± 9.3 <0.001
BUN, mg/dL 11.9 ± 3.6 12.6 ± 3.4 13.1 ± 3.7Υ <0.001
eGFR, mL/min/1.73 m2 86.9 ± 14.4 81.5 ± 13.3* 84.8 ± 20.2 0.31
  1. ANOVA: *p < 0.05 compared to No Diabetes group, ¥p < 0.05 compared to Pre-DM group, Υp > =0.05 & <0.1 compared to No Diabetes group. BMI body mass index, HbA1c glycosylated hemoglobin, TG triglyceride, LDL cholesterol low-density cholesterol, HDL cholesterol high-density cholesterol, eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate, WC waist circumference.