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Table 2 Differences in echocardiographic parameters according to the presence of carotid atherosclerosis

From: Clinical significance of subclinical carotid atherosclerosis and its relationship with echocardiographic parameters in non-diabetic chronic kidney disease patients

Clinical characteristics Total (n = 182) Carotid atherosclerosis
+ (n = 99, 54.4%) - (n = 83, 45.6%) p
LV end-diastolic diameter (mm) 47.3 ± 5.7 46.9 ± 6.7 47.7 ± 4.2 0.392
LV end-systolic diameter (mm) 31.7 ± 5.6 31.5 ± 6.1 32.1 ± 5.2 0.555
LV end-diastolic volume index (mL/m2) 52.1 ± 9.1 48.9 ± 12.8 55.6 ± 13.3 0.109
LV end- systolic volume index (mL/m2) 21.3 ± 9.2 20.6 ± 9.2 22.2 ± 9.1 0.373
LVMI (g/m2) 99.3 ± 29.5 94.3 ± 27.3 101.0 ± 31.2 0.170
LVEF (%) 59.1 ± 9.7 58. 0 ± 11.0 60.4 ± 7.7 0.161
LAVI (mL/m2) 42.2 ± 17.3 42.9 ± 17.7 39.5 ± 16.9 0.191
LVH, n (%) 69 (37.9) 43 (43.4) 26 (31.3) 0.043
Mitral inflow velocities (mean ± SD)     
 E (cm/s) 64.7 ± 19.0 64.1 ± 19.2 70.3 ± 18.9 0.101
 A (cm/s) 84.3 ± 20.4 85.5 ± 18.6 82.9 ± 22.2 0.439
 E/A ratio 0.77 ± 0.28 0.72 ± 0.22 0.83 ± 0.32 0.032
 DT (ms) 231.0 ± 48.0 239.2 ± 46.4 219.3 ± 46.4 0.019
Tissue Doppler parameters     
 E’ (cm/s) 6.1 ± 2.1 5.6 ± 2.2 6.6 ± 1.9 0.003
 A’ (cm/s) 8.9 ± 1.9 8.7 ± 2.2 9.2 ± 1.6 0.090
 E/E’ ratio 11.5 ± 4.1 12.5 ± 4.4 10.2 ± 3.1 <0.001
  1. Abbreviations: LVMI, LV mass index; LVEF, LV ejection fraction; LAVI, Left atrial volume index; E, Early peak transmitral inflow velocity; A, late diastolic transmitral inflow velocity; DT, Deceleration time; E’, Early diastolic mitral annular velocity; A’, Late diastolic mitral annular velocity.