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Table 2 Incidence rates of complications among patients with catheter placement *< 90 days

From: Incidence of catheter-related complications in patients with central venous or hemodialysis catheters: a health care claims database analysis

Type of complication Number of complications per 1000 catheter-days (95% CI)
HD catheters CVC all CVC cancer CVC no cancer
n = 3213 n = 5060 n = 2479 n = 2581
CRBSI 5.10 4.01 4.33 3.62
(4.69-5.55) (3.72-4.32) (3.92-4.78) (3.22-4.07)
Thrombosis 0.80 1.26 1.71 0.76
(0.65-0.98) (1.11-1.44) (1.46-2.00) (0.59-0.97)
MCRC 0.68 0.59 0.65 0.53
(0.55 -0.85) (0.49-0.72) (0.50-0.83) (0.40-0.72)
Embolism 0.49 0.39 0.38 0.40
(0.38-0.64) (0.31-0.49) (0.27-0.52) (0.28-0.56)
ICH 0.10 0.10 0.04 0.17
(0.06-0.18) (0.06-0.16) (0.02-0.11) (0.10-0.29)
MB 0.27 0.09 0.05 0.14
(0.19-0.39) (0.06-0.15) (0.02-0.12) (0.08-0.25)
Any 6.98 6.00 6.67 5.20
(6.49-7.52) (5.64-6.38) (6.15-7.23) (4.71-5.74)
  1. *Analysis only counted each patient’s first qualifying catheter insertion; P < 0.05, Fisher’s exact test; Defined as the initial occurrence of the first- or only-occurring complication.
  2. CI, confidence interval; CRBSI, catheter-related bloodstream infection; CVC, central venous catheter; HD, hemodialysis; ICH, intracranial hemorrhage; MB, major bleeding; MCRC, mechanical catheter–related complication.