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Table 2 Values of vascular structure and functional parameters according to sex and presence of diabetes, antihypertensive, antidiabetic and lipid lowering drugs

From: Association between smoking status and the parameters of vascular structure and function in adults: results from the EVIDENT study

  PWV (n = 265) IMT (n = 265) PAIx75 (n = 1553) ABI (n = 1553)
   p-value   p-value   p-value   p-value
Sex
 Male 7.6 (6.7-9.5) <0.001 0.71 ± 0.12 <0.001 83 (94–71) <0.001 1.18 ± 0.14 0.455
 Female 6.8 (6.0-7.9)   0.66 ± 0.09   91 (105–81)   1.17 ± 0.13  
Diabetes
 Yes 9.6 (8.3-10.9) <0.001 0.74 ± 0.07 0.007 93 (104–92) 0.001 1.15 ± 0.16 0.022
 No 7.0 (6.1-8.2)   0.67 ± 0.11   87 (100–77)   1.18 ± 0.13  
Antihypertensive drugs
 Yes 8.3 (7.3-9.8) <0.001 0.74 ± 0.10 <0.001 89 (102–79) 0.033 1.18 ± 0.14 0.693
 No 6.8 (5.9-7.8)   0.66 ± 0.10   87(100–76)   1.17 ± 0.13  
Antidiabetic drugs
 Yes 9.5 (10.6-8.5) <0.001 0.74 ± 0.08 0.048 93 (102–83) 0.004 1.14 ± 0.16 0.007
 No 7.0 (8.2-6.2)   0.68 ± 0.10   88 (100–77)   1.18 ± 0.13  
Lipid lowering drugs
 Yes 8.1 (6.9-10.8) <0.001 0.74 ± 0.09 <0.001 91 (103–80) 0.004 1.17 ± 0.14 0.438
 No 6.9 (6.1-8.2)   0.67 ± 0.10   87 (100–77)   1.17 ± 0.13  
  1. IMT: Intima Media Thickness; PWV: pulse wave velocity; PAIx75: Peripheral or radial augmentation index adjusted for heart rate at 75 bpm, ABI: ankle brachial index.
  2. PWV and PAIx75 are showed in median and interquartil range and IMT and ABI as mean ± Standard deviation.
  3. p-values are for comparison of subgroups by T-Student independent groups and U Mann Whitney test.