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Table 3 Studies reporting factors (organised into key themes) relating to completion of lifestyle programmes

From: A systematic review of patient reported factors associated with uptake and completion of cardiovascular lifestyle behaviour change

Factors References of studies examining completion
  Facilitates Deters No association
Emotions
Increased anxiety 74** 55, 73  
Depression 74 47, 55, 73, 78**a  
On antidepressant medication   47, 62  
Greater neuroticism   55**  
Emotion focused coping 74**   
Greater optimism 55**   
Psychological & spiritual beliefs
Greater personal control & less treatment control   78**  
Illness has greater consequences / Timeline (acute/chronic) and (cyclical) 78**   
More symptoms attributed to illness   78  
Information & communication
Less education   71** 69, 76, 74
Friends & family support
Not married/not living with a partner/being single   47, 62** 69, 76
Transport & related costs
Unemployed / retired/home maker 69 68, 76**b 74
  1. **Independently significant.
  2. Regression analysis not reported [73].
  3. a combined measure for depression and anxiety; b in men only (deters prior to hospitalisation but not during hospitalisation).