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Table 1 Main characteristics of included 32 primary studies

From: A systematic review of patient reported factors associated with uptake and completion of cardiovascular lifestyle behaviour change

Study characteristics

Total [references]

Outcome:

 

Uptake in CRa

24 [46, 4857, 60, 61, 6367, 70, 72][7477]

Completed CR

11 [47, 51, 55, 59, 62, 68, 69, 71, 76, 78]

Design:

 

Cross sectional

7 [49, 53, 62, 67, 68, 72, 74]

Cohort

24 [4648, 5052, 5457, 5961, 6366][6971, 73, 75, 76, 78]

RCT

1 [77]

Prospective/retrospective:

 

Prospective

23 [46, 4852, 5456, 5961][6366, 69, 70, 73, 74, 7678]

Retrospective

9[47, 53, 57, 62, 67, 68, 71, 72, 75]

Country:

 

USA

5 [47, 55, 59, 68, 75]

UK

7 [48, 63, 64, 70, 73, 74, 78]

Australia/New Zealand

9 [49, 5154, 60, 67, 76, 77]

Canada

4 [46, 56, 57, 62]

Rest of Europe (Sweden, Denmark, Poland)

4 [50, 65, 66, 72]

Middle East

3 [61, 69, 71]

  1. CR – cardiac rehabilitation; RCT – randomized controlled trial.
  2. aWhitmarsh et al., 2003 [74] combined non-attendees with poor attendees in their analysis and as the majority group were non-attendees the study has been categorised as ‘uptake’.