Skip to main content

Table 1 Main characteristics of included 32 primary studies

From: A systematic review of patient reported factors associated with uptake and completion of cardiovascular lifestyle behaviour change

Study characteristics Total [references]
Outcome:  
Uptake in CRa 24 [46, 4857, 60, 61, 6367, 70, 72][7477]
Completed CR 11 [47, 51, 55, 59, 62, 68, 69, 71, 76, 78]
Design:  
Cross sectional 7 [49, 53, 62, 67, 68, 72, 74]
Cohort 24 [4648, 5052, 5457, 5961, 6366][6971, 73, 75, 76, 78]
RCT 1 [77]
Prospective/retrospective:  
Prospective 23 [46, 4852, 5456, 5961][6366, 69, 70, 73, 74, 7678]
Retrospective 9[47, 53, 57, 62, 67, 68, 71, 72, 75]
Country:  
USA 5 [47, 55, 59, 68, 75]
UK 7 [48, 63, 64, 70, 73, 74, 78]
Australia/New Zealand 9 [49, 5154, 60, 67, 76, 77]
Canada 4 [46, 56, 57, 62]
Rest of Europe (Sweden, Denmark, Poland) 4 [50, 65, 66, 72]
Middle East 3 [61, 69, 71]
  1. CR – cardiac rehabilitation; RCT – randomized controlled trial.
  2. aWhitmarsh et al., 2003 [74] combined non-attendees with poor attendees in their analysis and as the majority group were non-attendees the study has been categorised as ‘uptake’.