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Table 4 The prevalence of selected cardiovascular disease risk factors (N = 3,007)

From: Self-reported prevalence of atherothrombosis in a general population sample of adults in Greece; A telephone survey

  Diabetes mellitus Hypertension Hypercholesterolemia
Total population 6.4% 17.7% 14.0%
Gender    
Male 6.3% 15.7%* 11.4%*
Female 6.5% 19.5% 16.4%
Age (in years)    
18-24 0.7%* 0.0%* 0.7%*
25-39 0.8% 2.0% 2.5%
40-54 4.3% 11.9% 13.0%
55-64 10.9% 32.5% 25.9%
65+ 16.7% 45.9% 30.2%
Marital status    
Married/living together 7.1%* 20.0%* 16.4%
Single 1.5% 3.0% 2.8%
Divorced/separated 4.2% 15.5% 16.9%
Widowed 18.0% 47.7% 27.9%
Area of residence    
Urban 6.8% 16.4% 13.4%
Rural 5.4% 21.1% 14.8%
Nationality    
Greek 6.4% 18.1%* 14.4%*
Other 5.7% 3.4% 2.3%
Occupational status    
Unemployed 3.5%* 4.7%* 6.4%*
Retired 16.1% 43.1% 29.7%
University students 0.7% 0.7% 1.3%
Housewife 6.0% 22.7% 18.4%
Servant 2.2% 6.4% 7.2%
Self-employed 3.6% 8.3% 7.6%
Farmer 6.2% 19.6% 15.5%
BMI    
Normal weight 3.2%* 7.8%* 7.6%*
Overweight 6.5% 20.7% 17.0%
Obese 14.3% 34.8% 22.8%
Educational status    
Very low (6) 15.9%* 41.2%* 27.3%*
Low (6-12) 4.0% 13.2% 11.5%
Moderate (12-14) 5.2% 3.2% 7.7%
High (14-16) 4.0% 11.4% 10.5%
Very high (>16) 1.9% 8.3% 6.5%
Smoking habits    
Non-smokers 7.7%* 21.6%* 16.1%*
1-20 cigarettes 4.1% 10.4% 10.5%
21+ 4.1% 11.3% 9.8%
  1. *p-value < 0.05
  2. BMI: Body Mass Index