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  1. High sensitive troponin T (hsTnT) and heart fatty acid binding protein (hFABP) are both markers of myocardial injury and predict adverse outcome in patients with systolic heart failure (SHF). We tested whether...

    Authors: Wilfried Dinh, Werner Nickl, Reiner Füth, Mark Lankisch, Georg Hess, Dietmar Zdunek, Thomas Scheffold, Michael Coll Barroso, Klaus Tiroch, Dan Ziegler and Melchior Seyfarth

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:41

    Content type: Research article

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  2. More women than men have PAD with exception for the stage intermittent claudication (IC). The purpose of this study was to evaluate differences in disease characteristics between men and women when using curre...

    Authors: Birgitta Sigvant, Fredrik Lundin, Bo Nilsson, David Bergqvist and Eric Wahlberg

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:39

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) is a predictor of cardiovascular events that has been shown to vary with race. The objective of this study was to examine factors associated with this racial vari...

    Authors: Keane K Lee, Stephen P Fortmann, Ann Varady, Joan M Fair, Alan S Go, Thomas Quertermous, Mark A Hlatky and Carlos Iribarren

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:38

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Renal function is an important predictor of mortality in patients with myocardial infarction (MI), but changes in the impact over time have not been well described.

    Authors: Thomas Kümler, Gunnar H Gislason, Lars Kober, Finn Gustafsson, Morten Schou and Christian Torp-Pedersen

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:37

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Erectile dysfunction (ED), impaired arterial elasticity, elevated resting heart rate as well as increased levels of oxidized LDL and fibrinogen associate with future cardiovascular events. Physical activity is...

    Authors: Hanna Pohjantähti-Maaroos, Ari Palomäki and Juha Hartikainen

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:36

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Troponins (highly sensitive biomarkers of myocardial damage) increase counts of myocardial infarction (MI) in clinical practice, but their impact on trends in admission rates for MI in National statistics is u...

    Authors: Frank M Sanfilippo, Michael ST Hobbs, Matthew W Knuiman, Stephen C Ridout, Pamela J Bradshaw, Judith C Finn, Jamie M Rankin, Peter C Sprivulis and Joseph Hung

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:35

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with fibrinolysis are increasingly, and ever earlier, referred for routine coronary angiography and where feasible, undergo percutaneous coronar...

    Authors: Peter Bogaty, Kristian B Filion and James M Brophy

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:34

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Growing evidence exists that living with an ICD can lead to fear and avoidance behaviour including the avoidance of physical activity. It has been suggested that psychological stress can increase the risk of s...

    Authors: Selina K Berg, Jesper H Svendsen, Ann-Dorthe Zwisler, Birthe D Pedersen, Pernille Preisler, Lone Siersbæk-Hansen, Mette B Hansen, Rune H Nielsen and Preben U Pedersen

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:33

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. This systematic review summarized recent evidence pertaining to the clinical effectiveness of 64-slice or higher computed tomography angiography (CTA) in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). ...

    Authors: Daniel C Paech and Adèle R Weston

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:32

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Angiogenesis is up-regulated in myocardial ischemia. However, limited data exist assessing the value of circulating angiogenic biomarkers in predicting future incidence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Ou...

    Authors: Carlos Iribarren, Bruce H Phelps, Jeanne A Darbinian, Edward R McCluskey, Charles P Quesenberry, Evangelos Hytopoulos, Joseph H Vogelman and Norman Orentreich

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:31

    Content type: Research article

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  11. To elucidate the mechanism by which local delivery of 3-morpholino-sydnonimine (SIN-1) affects intimal hyperplasia after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA).

    Authors: Jan Harnek, Evita Zoucas, Valéria Perez de Sá, Eva Ekblad, Anders Arner and Unne Stenram

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:30

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Epidemiologic evidence suggests a heritable component to risk for sudden cardiac arrest independent of risk for myocardial infarction. Recent candidate gene association studies for community sudden cardiac arr...

    Authors: Bradley E Aouizerat, Eric Vittinghoff, Stacy L Musone, Ludmila Pawlikowska, Pui-Yan Kwok, Jeffrey E Olgin and Zian H Tseng

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:29

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Socioeconomic status (SES) predicts coronary heart disease independently of the traditional risk factors included in the Framingham risk score. However, it is unknown whether changes in Framingham risk score vari...

    Authors: Peter Franks, Paul C Winters, Daniel J Tancredi and Kevin A Fiscella

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:28

    Content type: Research article

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  14. RFCA has been established as an effective and curative therapy for severely symptomatic PVC from the outflow tract in structurally normal hearts. However, it is unknown whether PVCs originating from the left v...

    Authors: Li Jia, Li Yue-Chun, Ji Kang-Ting, Zhou Na-Dan, Lin Jia-Xuan, Zhang Wen-Wu, Yang Peng-Lin, Tang Ji-Fei and Lin Jia-Feng

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:27

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is aimed at improving health behaviors to slow or reverse the progression of CVD disease. Exercise is a central...

    Authors: Ralph Maddison, Robyn Whittaker, Ralph Stewart, Andrew Kerr, Yannan Jiang, Geoffrey Kira, Karen H Carter and Leila Pfaeffli

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:26

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. Common conditions such as obesity and hypertension result in hemodynamic alterations that will induce remodeling of the left ventricle (LV). However, differences between the genders in the relationship of hemo...

    Authors: Said Masiha, Johan Sundström and Lars Lind

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:25

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The role of gender differences in Health Related Quality Life (HRQL) in coronary patients is controversial, so understanding the specific determinants of HRQL in men and women might be of clinical importance. ...

    Authors: María Dueñas, Carmen Ramirez, Roque Arana and Inmaculada Failde

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:24

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) is a relatively new method to detect regional myocardial dysfunction. To assess left ventricular (LV) regional myocardial dysfunction using STE in Duchen...

    Authors: Hiroshi Takano, Yoko Fujii, Naoko Yugeta, Shinichi Takeda and Yoshito Wakao

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:23

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Ethnic differences in clinical outcome after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have been reported. Data within different Asian subpopulations is scarce. We aim to explore the differences in clinical pro...

    Authors: Angela S Koh, Lay W Khin, Lok M Choi, Ling L Sim, Terrance S Chua, Tian H Koh, Jack W Tan and Stanley Chia

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:22

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Early hospital arrival and rapid intervention for acute myocardial infarction is essential for a successful outcome. Several studies have been unable to identify explanatory factors that slowed decision time. ...

    Authors: Mona Schlyter, Lena André-Petersson, Gunnar Engström, Patrik Tydén and Margareta Östman

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:21

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Cardiomyopathy in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an increasing cause of death in patients. The absence of dystrophin leads to loss of membrane integrity, cell death and fibrosis in cardiac muscle. Treatm...

    Authors: Christopher F Spurney, Alfredo D Guerron, Qing Yu, Arpana Sali, Jack H van der Meulen, Eric P Hoffman and Kanneboyina Nagaraju

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:20

    Content type: Research article

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  22. We examined the incidence of new-onset atrial fibrillation in patients with left ventricular dysfunction. Patients either had a recent myocardial infarction (with or without clinical heart failure) or symptoma...

    Authors: Michelle D Schmiegelow, Ole D Pedersen, Lars Køber, Marie Seibæk, Steen Z Abildstrøm and Christian Torp-Pedersen

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:19

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Among patients with ischemic stroke, little attention has been paid to differentiation between stroke progression and recurrence. We assessed the role of MR imaging in predicting stroke progression, recurrent ...

    Authors: Shelagh B Coutts, Michael D Hill, Misha Eliasziw, Karyn Fischer and Andrew M Demchuk

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:18

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Anatomic deviations, especially those detected during the course of an operation, are medically intriguing, as they raise concerns about their clinical significance and putative complications.

    Authors: Georgios I Tagarakis, Dimos Karangelis, Marios E Daskalopoulos, Dimitrios Papadopoulos, Theocharis Koufakis, Ioannis Karantzis, Stefania S Lampoura, Serapheim Chlapoutakis and Nikolaos B Tsilimingas

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:17

    Content type: Case report

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  25. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of selected atherothrombotic risk factors and several clinical manifestations of atherothrombosis, as well as the utilization rates of selected vascular int...

    Authors: Nikos Maniadakis, Georgia Kourlaba and Vasileios Fragoulakis

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:16

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Preventive cardiology has expanded beyond coronary heart disease towards prevention of a broader spectrum of cardiovascular diseases. Ethnic minorities are at proportionately greater risk for developing extrac...

    Authors: Mori J Krantz, Carlin S Long, Patrick Hosokawa, Elhum Karimkhani, Miriam Dickinson, Raymond O Estacio, Frederick A Masoudi and Edward P Havranek

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:15

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Few studies investigated the association between smoking, alcohol consumption, or physical activity and the risk of unstable angina pectoris (UAP), while the strength of these associations may differ compared ...

    Authors: Audrey HH Merry, Jolanda MA Boer, Leo J Schouten, Edith JM Feskens, WM Monique Verschuren, Anton PM Gorgels and Piet A van den Brandt

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:13

    Content type: Research article

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  28. There is under-diagnosis of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the English population, despite financial incentives to encourage general practices to register new cases. We compared the modelled (expected) and di...

    Authors: Michael Soljak, Edgar Samarasundera, Tejal Indulkar, Hannah Walford and Azeem Majeed

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:12

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Cardiovascular (CV) events are prevalent and expensive worldwide both in terms of direct medical costs at the time of the event and follow-up healthcare after the event. This study aims to determine initial an...

    Authors: Richard H Chapman, Larry Z Liu, Prafulla G Girase and Robert J Straka

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:11

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Genetic risk factors might improve prediction of coronary events. Several variants at chromosome 9p21.3 have been widely reported to be associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) in prospective and case-cont...

    Authors: Dov Shiffman, Ellen S O'Meara, Charles M Rowland, Judy Z Louie, Mary Cushman, Russell P Tracy, James J Devlin and Bruce M Psaty

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:10

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Recent genome-wide association studies have identified several genetic loci linked to coronary artery disease (CAD) and myocardial infarction (MI). The 9p21.3 locus was verified by numerous replication studies...

    Authors: Thomas Scheffold, Silke Kullmann, Andreas Huge, Priska Binner, Hermann R Ochs, Wolfgang Schöls, Joachim Thale, Wolfgang Motz, Franz Josef Hegge, Christoph Stellbrink, Thomas Dorsel, Hartmut Gülker, Hubertus Heuer, Wilfried Dinh, Monika Stoll and Georg Haltern

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:9

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Coronary heart disease (CHD) and depression are leading causes of disease burden globally and the two often co-exist. Depression is common after Myocardial Infarction (MI) and it has been estimated that 15-35%...

    Authors: Adrienne O'Neil, Anna L Hawkes, Bianca Chan, Kristy Sanderson, Andrew Forbes, Bruce Hollingsworth, John Atherton, David L Hare, Michael Jelinek, Kathy Eadie, C Barr Taylor and Brian Oldenburg

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:8

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. Obesity is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Arterial stiffness assessed by carotid femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) is an independent predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortali...

    Authors: N Nordstrand, E Gjevestad, KN Dinh, D Hofsø, J Røislien, E Saltvedt, I Os and J Hjelmesæth

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:7

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a frequent manifestation in Fabry disease (FD) - an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by reduced activity of the enzyme α-galactosidase A. In FD an elevation of specific...

    Authors: Christian Tanislav, Andreas Feustel, Wolfgang Franzen, Oliver Wüsten, Christian Schneider, Frank Reichenberger, Arndt Rolfs and Nicole Sieweke

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:6

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Cardiac catheterization may cause retinal embolization, a risk factor for cerebrovascular emboli and stroke. We describe the incidence of clinically silent and apparent retinal emboli following diagnostic and ...

    Authors: Javad Kojuri, Morteza Mehdizadeh, Hamed Rostami and Danial Shahidian

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:5

    Content type: Research article

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  36. To investigate the presence of peripheral artery disease (PAD) via the ankle brachial index (ABI) in patients with known cardiovascular and/or cerebrovascular diseases or with at least one risk factor for athe...

    Authors: Ahmet K Bozkurt, Ilker Tasci, Omur Tabak, Mehmet Gumus and Yesim Kaplan

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:4

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the major cause of death after renal transplantation. Not only conventional CVD risk factors, but also transplant-specific risk factors can influence the development of CVD in k...

    Authors: Salvador Pita-Fernández, Sonia Pértega-Díaz, Francisco Valdés-Cañedo, Rocío Seijo-Bestilleiro, Teresa Seoane-Pillado, Constantino Fernández-Rivera, Angel Alonso-Hernández, Dolores Lorenzo-Aguiar, Beatriz López-Calviño and Andres López-Muñiz

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:2

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. There is conflicting and only scant evidence on the effect of gender on long-term survival after a myocardial infarction (MI). Our aim was to analyse sex-specific survival of patients for up to 23 years after ...

    Authors: Rose-Marie Isaksson, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Dan Lundblad, Ulf Näslund, Karin Zingmark and Mats Eliasson

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:1

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Body iron status has been implicated in atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. The main hypothesis is that high iron status is associated with increased risk of atherosclerosis. We investigated the potential ...

    Authors: Shahram Akhlaghpoor, Morteza Hoseini and Amirhosein Jafarisepehr

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:62

    Content type: Research article

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  40. We aimed to evaluate the changes over time in the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control rate of hypertension in intervention and reference areas of a comprehensive community trial with reference area.

    Authors: Alireza Khosravi, Gilda Kiani Mehr, Roya Kelishadi, Shahin Shirani, Mojgan Gharipour, Aliakbar Tavassoli, Fatemeh Noori and Nizal Sarrafzadegan

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:61

    Content type: Research article

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  41. We evaluated the associations among angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism, ACE activity and post-myocardial infarction (MI) left ventricular dysfunction and acute heart...

    Authors: Jiri Parenica, Monika Pavkova Goldbergova, Petr Kala, Jiri Jarkovsky, Martin Poloczek, Jan Manousek, Krystyna Prymusova, Lenka Kubkova, Daniela Tomcikova, Ondrej Toman, Martin Tesak, Josef Tomandl, Anna Vasku and Jindrich Spinar

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:60

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether a previously shown survival benefit resulting from routine early invasive management of unselected patients with acute non-ST-segment elevation myocardia...

    Authors: Erlend Aune, Knut Endresen, Jo Roislien, Joran Hjelmesaeth and Jan Erik Otterstad

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:59

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Reduced heart rate variability (HRV), a non-invasive marker of autonomic dysfunction, and an unhealthy lifestyle are associated with an increased morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The a...

    Authors: Alexander Kluttig, Barbara Schumann, Cees A Swenne, Jan A Kors, Oliver Kuss, Hendrik Schmidt, Karl Werdan, Johannes Haerting and Karin H Greiser

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:58

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Most studies providing data on survival in patients with atherosclerosis only address a single disease site: heart, brain or legs. Therefore, our objective was to determine risk of death after first hospital a...

    Authors: Ilonca Vaartjes, Ineke van Dis, Diederick E Grobbee and Michiel L Bots

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:57

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Aortic calcification is a major risk factor for death from cardiovascular disease. We investigated the relationship between mortality and the composite markers of number, size, morphology and distribution of c...

    Authors: Mads Nielsen, Melanie Ganz, Francois Lauze, Paola C Pettersen, Marleen de Bruijne, Thomas B Clarkson, Erik B Dam, Claus Christiansen and Morten A Karsdal

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:56

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Blood pressure (BP) variability has been associated with cardiovascular outcomes, but there is no consensus about the more effective method to measure it by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). We eval...

    Authors: Estefânia Wittke, Sandra C Fuchs, Flávio D Fuchs, Leila B Moreira, Elton Ferlin, Fábio T Cichelero, Carolina M Moreira, Jeruza Neyeloff, Marina B Moreira and Miguel Gus

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:55

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Optimal manual closed chest compressions are difficult to give. A mechanical compression/decompression device, named LUCAS, is programmed to give compression according to the latest international guidelines (2...

    Authors: Qiuming Liao, Trygve Sjöberg, Audrius Paskevicius, Björn Wohlfart and Stig Steen

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:53

    Content type: Research article

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