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Primary Prevention and Cardiovascular Risk

This section also considers articles that address the cause and prevention of cardiovascular disorders such as exercise, physiology, and rehabilitation. Primary prevention studies, in patients at high cardiovascular risk, including those with metabolic syndrome and diabetes, are welcomed.

  1. Observational studies suggest that early menopause is associated with increased risk of death and cardiovascular disease (CVD); however, the results of these studies have been inconsistently. We aimed to asses...

    Authors: Yan Li, Dong Zhao, Miao Wang, Jia-yi Sun, Jun Liu, Yue Qi, Yong-chen Hao, Qiu-ju Deng, Jue Liu, Jing Liu and Min Liu

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:109

    Content type: Research article

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  2. To investigate the ability of body shape index (ABSI), body roundness index (BRI), waist circumference (WC), body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), and body adiposity in...

    Authors: Jinjian Xu, Liqun Zhang, Qiong Wu, Yaohan Zhou, Ziqi Jin, Zhijian Li and Yimin Zhu

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:97

    Content type: Research article

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  3. This study aimed to examine the relationship between oral health status and hygiene behavior among adults and elderly with preceding chronic disease or coronary artery disease history.

    Authors: Sun Kyung Lee and Seon Young Hwang

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:71

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Worldwide cardiovascular disease is the major cause of disability and premature death. This is due to the ascending trend of consuming an unhealthy diet and obesity which increases the risk of hypertension and...

    Authors: Dessie Abebaw Angaw, Rahma Ali, Afework Tadele and Shegaye Shumet

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:37

    Content type: Research article

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  5. High and low levels of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) are both associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risks especially in elderly, but the mechanisms are less known. This study investigated associ...

    Authors: Svein Ivar Bekkelund

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:29

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Mortality in infective endocarditis (IE) is still high, and the long term prognosis remains uncertain. This study aimed to identify predictors of long-term mortality for any cause, adverse event rate, relapse ...

    Authors: Valentina Scheggi, Irene Merilli, Rossella Marcucci, Stefano Del Pace, Iacopo Olivotto, Nicola Zoppetti, Nicole Ceschia, Valentina Andrei, Bruno Alterini, Pier Luigi Stefàno and Niccolò Marchionni

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:28

    Content type: Research article

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  7. A high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors including age, male sex, hypertension, diabetes, and tobacco use, has been reported in patients with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) who experienced adverse...

    Authors: Angelo Silverio, Marco Di Maio, Rodolfo Citro, Luca Esposito, Giuseppe Iuliano, Michele Bellino, Cesare Baldi, Giuseppe De Luca, Michele Ciccarelli, Carmine Vecchione and Gennaro Galasso

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:23

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Hypercholesterolemia (HC) is an important precursor to many cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and peripheral vascular diseases. A report conducted by the American Heart Association showed the prevalence of HC t...

    Authors: Jamaan Al-Zahrani, Mamdouh M. Shubair, Sameer Al-Ghamdi, Abdullah A. Alrasheed, Abdulrahman A. Alduraywish, Fayez Saud Alreshidi, Saeed Mastour Alshahrani, Majid Alsalamah, Badr F. Al-Khateeb, Aljawharah Ibraheem Ashathri, Ashraf El-Metwally and Khaled K. Aldossari

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:22

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Hyperbilirubinemia after heart valve surgery (HVS) with cardiopulmonary bypass is frequently observed and associated with worse outcomes. We investigated the characteristics and prognosis of patients with seve...

    Authors: Xiaolan Chen, Ming Bai, Lijuan Zhao, Yan Yu, Yuan Yue, Shiren Sun and Xiangmei Chen

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:16

    Content type: Research article

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  10. There are differences of opinion about the beneficial or detrimental effects of opium consumption on cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). So, we aimed to study the association between opium use and CVDs.

    Authors: Parvin Khalili, Fatemeh Ayoobi, Maryam Mohamadi, Ahmad Jamalizadeh, Carlo La Vecchia and Ali Esmaeili-nadimi

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:2

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Population-based levels of the chronic low-grade systemic inflammation biomarker, C-reactive protein (CRP), vary widely among traditional populations, despite their apparent absence of chronic conditions assoc...

    Authors: Pedro Carrera-Bastos, Maelán Fontes-Villalba, Michael Gurven, Frits A. J. Muskiet, Torbjörn Åkerfeldt, Ulf Lindblad, Lennart Råstam, Johan Frostegård, Yinon Shapira, Yehuda Shoenfeld, Yvonne Granfeldt, Kristina Sundquist and Tommy Jönsson

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:524

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The association between different ABO blood groups and mortality of aortic dissection (AD) remains controversial. This study aimed to examine whether different ABO blood groups affect the prognosis of AD.

    Authors: Song Huang, Yequn Chen, Zhaotao Huang, Shiwan Wu, Nianling Xiong, Xiru Huang, Xin Wang, Chang Chen, Bin Wang, Weiping Li, Liangli Hong, Shu Ye and Xuerui Tan

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:515

    Content type: Research article

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  13. This study aimed to reveal the association of diabetes mellitus and dialysis-dependent renal failure with the lesion severity and chronic total occlusion (CTO) in patients undergoing femoropopliteal endovascul...

    Authors: Mitsuyoshi Takahara, Yoshimitsu Soga, Masahiko Fujihara, Daizo Kawasaki, Amane Kozuki and Osamu Iida

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:514

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The ALDH2 rs671 genetic polymorphism has been linked with cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), but comprehensive epidemiological studies are lacking. An observational, retrospective big data study was carried out to ...

    Authors: Danchen Wang, Yutong Zou, Songlin Yu, Songbai Lin, Honglei Li, Yicong Yin, Ling Qiu, Tengda Xu and Jie Wu

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:509

    Content type: Research article

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  15. With the rising number of hip surgeries, simple and cost-effective tools for surgery risk assessment are warranted. The analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) may not only provide critical insights into the ...

    Authors: Regina Csanády-Leitner, Franz J. Seibert, Corinna M. Perchtold-Stefan, Werner Maurer-Ertl, Kathrin Hilgarter and Helmut K. Lackner

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:507

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Annually > 10% of patients with atrial fibrillation on oral anticoagulation undergo invasive procedures. Optimal peri-procedural management of anticoagulation, as judged by major bleeding and thromboembolic ev...

    Authors: M. Unverdorben, C. von Heymann, A. Santamaria, M. Saxena, T. Vanassche, J. Jin, P.  Laeis, R. Wilkins, C. Chen and P. Colonna

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:504

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:91

  17. Some studies have reported that nitrate intake from vegetables was inversely associated with many vascular diseases, but few studies have paid attention to the relationship between urinary nitrate and cardiova...

    Authors: Zhuo Wu, Ting Tian, Wang Ma, Wen Gao and Ninghong Song

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:498

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Fear of movement (kinesiophobia) after an acute cardiac hospitalization (ACH) is associated with reduced physical activity (PA) and non-adherence to cardiac rehabilitation (CR).

    Authors: P. Keessen, C. H. M. Latour, I. C. D. van Duijvenbode, B. Visser, A. Proosdij, D. Reen and W. J. M. Scholte op Reimer

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:495

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Type A acute aortic dissection is a life-threatening disease associated with adverse clinical outcomes. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common after surgery. However, the relationship between intraoperative blood...

    Authors: Yanli Liu, Yuqiang Shang, Ding Long and Li Yu

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:446

    Content type: Research article

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  20. We report here on a prospective hospital-based cohort study that investigates predictors of 30-day and 90-day mortality and functional disability among Ugandan stroke patients.

    Authors: Gertrude Namale, Onesmus Kamacooko, Anthony Makhoba, Timothy Mugabi, Maria Ndagire, Proscovia Ssanyu, John Bosco M. Ddamulira, Laetitia Yperzeele, Patrick Cras, Edward Ddumba, Janet Seeley and Robert Newton

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:442

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with a greater risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). HIV infection causes a chronic inflammatory state and increases oxidative stress which can cause ...

    Authors: Pedro Martínez-Ayala, Guillermo Adrián Alanis-Sánchez, Luz Alicia González-Hernández, Monserrat Álvarez-Zavala, Rodolfo Ismael Cabrera-Silva, Jaime Federico Andrade-Villanueva, Karina Sánchez-Reyes, Moisés Ramos-Solano, Diego Alberto Castañeda-Zaragoza, David Cardona-Müller, Sylvia Totsuka-Sutto, Ernesto Cardona-Muñoz and Carlos G. Ramos-Becerra

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:440

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Various diets and dietary compounds, through their inflammatory properties, are involved in the pathogenesis of chronic diseases including Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs). Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) can e...

    Authors: Azad Ayeneh pour, Mehdi Moradinazar, Mehnoosh Samadi, Behrooz Hamzeh, Farid Najafi, Sheno Karimi, Fakhereh Faraji, Mitra Darbandi and Yahya Pasdar

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:434

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The World Health Organization recommends consumption of a minimum of 400 g of fruits and vegetables per day for prevention of cardiovascular disease. Low fruit and vegetable intake is associated with an increa...

    Authors: Sajama Nepali, Anupa Rijal, Michael Hecht Olsen, Craig S. McLachlan, Per Kallestrup and Dinesh Neupane

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:425

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Effects of re-supplementation of a cholesterol-enriched diet (CEDrs) on size, cholesterol content and morphology of already existing plaques are not known to date.

    Authors: G. A. Bonaterra, K. Bender, B. Wilhelm, H. Schwarzbach, S. Metz, O. Kelber, D. Weiser, J. Metz and R. Kinscherf

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:420

    Content type: Research article

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  25. We previously showed that the 10-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk threshold to initiate statins for primary prevention depends on the baseline CVD risk, age, sex, and the incidence of statin-related harm...

    Authors: Henock G. Yebyo, Sofia Zappacosta, Hélène E. Aschmann, Sarah R. Haile and Milo A. Puhan

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:418

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Adolescents’ health-related behavior varies from weekday to weekend. Only few studies, however, have examined to which degree such variation will affect markers of cardiometabolic health. Therefore, the primar...

    Authors: Louise Sølund Hansen, Marlene Rosager Lund Pedersen, Jakob Tarp, Anna Bugge, Niels Wedderkopp and Niels Christian Møller

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:405

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Determining the risk factors for brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) may help to identify people susceptible to diabetic atherosclerosis and could prevent diabetic macrovascular complications in the ear...

    Authors: Kuo Liu, Junfeng Xu, Lixin Tao, Kun Yang, Yang Sun and Xiuhua Guo

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:353

    Content type: Research article

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  28. A key strategy for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the use of risk prediction algorithms. We aimed to investigate the predictive ability of SCORE (Systematic COronary Risk Estimation)...

    Authors: Cátia Santos-Ferreira, Rui Baptista, Manuel Oliveira-Santos, José Pereira Moura and Lino Gonçalves

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:301

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is experiencing an increasing burden of Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs). Modifiable risk factors including hypertension, diabetes, obesity, central obesity, sedentary behaviours, smokin...

    Authors: Geofrey Musinguzi, Rawlance Ndejjo, Isaac Ssinabulya, Hilde Bastiaens, Harm van Marwijk and Rhoda K. Wanyenze

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:284

    Content type: Research article

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  30. While the benefit of adherence to statins on clinical outcomes has been proved, this benefit may be heterogeneous among patients who initiated statins for primary or secondary prevention purpose. This study ai...

    Authors: Boya Zhao, Xiaoning He, Jing Wu and Shu Yan

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:282

    Content type: Research article

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  31. This study evaluated the association of frequency of potato and rice consumption with cardiometabolic risk factors in children and adolescents.

    Authors: Fereshteh Baygi, Mostafa Qorbani, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Gita Shafiee, Kourosh Nouri, Zeinab Ahadi, Armita Mahdavi-Gorab, Ramin Heshmat and Roya Kelishadi

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:239

    Content type: Research article

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