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Hypertension and cardiovascular risk

Section edited by Christian Ott

This section concerns all aspects of hypertension and peripheral vascular disease including but not limited to: prevention, diagnosis and management, as well as related molecular genetics, and pathophysiology. This section also considers articles concerning patients at high cardiovascular risk, including but not limited to patients with metabolic syndrome and diabetes.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    The present study sought to explore the relationship of common cardiovascular disease risk factors and noncoding RNAs with essential hypertension (EH).

    Authors: Shiying Chen, Rong Chen, Tingxing Zhang, Shaowei Lin, Zhou Chen, Bi Zhao, Huangyuan Li and Siying Wu

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:58

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  2. Content type: Research article

    High salt intake increases blood pressure (BP) and hypertension risk. This study aimed to examine association of urinary sodium excretion with BP and hypertension correlates among Cameroonian pygmies under hun...

    Authors: Daniel Lemogoum, William Ngatchou, Claude Bika Lele, Cecile Okalla, Marc Leeman, Jean-Paul Degaute and Philippe van de Borne

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:49

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Antioxidants have shown great promise in stroke prevention. Diarylheptanoids (also known as diphenylheptanoids) are a small class of plant secondary metabolites that possess antioxidant activity greater than t...

    Authors: Cong Lan, Xinjian Chen, Yuxun Zhang, Wei Wang, Wei Eric Wang, Yukai Liu, Yue Cai, Hongmei Ren, Shuo Zheng, Lin Zhou and Chunyu Zeng

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:43

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is an emerging cardio-metabolic risk factor and has been shown to correlate with adverse cardiovascular (CV) outcome; however the underlying pathophysiology of this link is not ...

    Authors: Shaween Al-Talabany, Ify Mordi, J. Graeme Houston, Helen M. Colhoun, Jonathan R. Weir-McCall, Shona Z. Matthew, Helen C. Looker, Daniel Levin, Jill J. F. Belch, Fiona Dove, Faisel Khan and Chim C. Lang

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:31

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Inconsistent conclusions have been reported for the genetic relationship between CYP4F2 (Cytochrome P450 Family 4 Subfamily F Member 2) polymorphisms and the susceptibility to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular d...

    Authors: Tao Zhang, Kuiying Yu and Xuhua Li

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:29

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Xanthine oxidase inhibitors (XOI), classified as purine-like (allopurinol and oxypurinol) and non-purine (febuxostat and topiroxostat) XOI, present antioxidant properties by reducing the production of reactive...

    Authors: Markus Bredemeier, Lediane Moreira Lopes, Matheus Augusto Eisenreich, Sheila Hickmann, Guilherme Kopik Bongiorno, Rui d’Avila, André Luis Bittencourt Morsch, Fernando da Silva Stein and Guilherme Gomes Dias Campos

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:24

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The rate of blood pressure (BP) control in adult hypertensive patients is poor and the reasons for poor control of BP pressure are not fully understood globally. This study aimed to assess the rate and factors...

    Authors: Saeed M. Omar, Osama Elnour, Gamal K. Adam, Osman E. Osman and Ishag Adam

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:26

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  8. Content type: Debate

    National estimates of ‘heart age’ by government health organisations in the US, UK and China show most people have an older heart age than current age. While most heart age calculators are promoted as a commun...

    Authors: Carissa Bonner, Katy Bell, Jesse Jansen, Paul Glasziou, Les Irwig, Jenny Doust and Kirsten McCaffery

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:19

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Heart rate (HR) is a prognostic marker that is increasingly used as a therapeutic target in patients with cardiovascular disease. The association between resting and mean HR remains unclear. We therefore set o...

    Authors: Marlena V. Habal, Kumaraswamy Nanthakumar, Peter C. Austin, Cassandra Freitas, Christopher Labos and Douglas S. Lee

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:17

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a genetic disease was characterised by left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), myocardial fibrosis, fiber disarray. The short-axis systolic function is important in left ventri...

    Authors: Jun Huang, Zi-Ning Yan, Yi-Fei Rui, Li Fan, Chang Liu and Jie Li

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:13

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The diagnosis of hypertension in children is complex because based on normative values by sex, age and height, and these values vary depending on the environment. Available BP references used, because of the a...

    Authors: Emmanuel Kiyana Muyumba, Dophra Ngoy Nkulu, Clarence Kaut Mukeng, Jacques Mbaz Musung, Placide Kambola Kakoma, Christian Ngama Kakisingi, Oscar Numbi Luboya, Françoise Kaj Malonga, Justin Kalungwe Kizonde, Olivier Mukuku and Weili Yan

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:9

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Microvascular rarefaction influences peripheral vascular resistance, perfusion and metabolism by affecting blood pressure and flow pattern. In hypertension microvascular rarefaction has been described in exper...

    Authors: Agnes J. Bosch, Joanna M. Harazny, Iris Kistner, Stefanie Friedrich, Joanna Wojtkiewicz and Roland E. Schmieder

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:300

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  13. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate association of 24 h–systolic blood pressure (SBP) variability and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) as defined by the apnea-hypopnea index ≥5/h; and association of 24 h–SBP variability and prevalent ca...

    Authors: Xiao Ke, Yan Sun, Rongfeng Yang, Jiawen Liang, Shaoyun Wu, Chengheng Hu and Xing Wang

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:287

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to assess the functional effects and acceptability of rocker-soled shoes that were designed to relatively “unload” the calf muscles during walking in people with calf claudication...

    Authors: Garry A. Tew, Ahmed Shalan, Alastair R. Jordan, Liz Cook, Elizabeth S. Coleman, Caroline Fairhurst, Catherine Hewitt, Stephen W. Hutchins and Andrew Thompson

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:283

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) is related to a low cardiovascular disease risk profile. This study aimed to investigate CVH metrics with both the biomarkers and markers of subclinical impairments of cardiov...

    Authors: Ya-Qin Wang, Chang-Fa Wang, Ling Zhu, Hong Yuan, Liu-Xin Wu and Zhi-Heng Chen

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:269

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Of the estimated 10–11 year life expectancy gap between Indigenous (Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people) and non-Indigenous Australians, approximately one quarter is attributable to cardiovascular dis...

    Authors: Marc G. W. Rémond, Simon Stewart, Melinda J. Carrington, Thomas H. Marwick, Bronwyn A. Kingwell, Peter Meikle, Darren O’Brien, Nathaniel S. Marshall and Graeme P. Maguire

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:228

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The effects on cardiovascular disease (CVD) by treatment recommendations on prevention of atherosclerotic CVD remain to be evaluated. The objectives were to assess treatment gap for low density lipoprotein cho...

    Authors: Gunilla Journath, Kristina Hambraeus, Emil Hagström, Billie Pettersson and Mickael Löthgren

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:224

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Data regarding the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) among hypertensive patients in Ethiopia is very scarce, and the nature and the burden of MetS among these patients has not been well investigated. The...

    Authors: Agete Tadewos, Tariku Egeno and Antenah Amsalu

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:218

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Electrocardiogram (ECG) is commonly used clinically due to convenience, but its accuracy is insufficient for left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) diagnosis. In this study, we attempted to improve diagnostic accu...

    Authors: Nan Lu, Jin-Xiu Zhu, Pei-Xuan Yang and Xue-Rui Tan

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:217

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