Hypertension and cardiovascular risk

Section edited by Christian Ott

This section concerns all aspects of hypertension and peripheral vascular disease including but not limited to: prevention, diagnosis and management, as well as related molecular genetics, and pathophysiology. This section also considers articles concerning patients at high cardiovascular risk, including but not limited to patients with metabolic syndrome and diabetes.

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  1. Research article

    Predicted impact of lipid lowering therapy on cardiovascular and economic outcomes of Swedish atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease guideline

    The effects on cardiovascular disease (CVD) by treatment recommendations on prevention of atherosclerotic CVD remain to be evaluated. The objectives were to assess treatment gap for low density lipoprotein cho...

    Gunilla Journath, Kristina Hambraeus, Emil Hagström, Billie Pettersson and Mickael Löthgren

    BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:224

    Published on: 16 August 2017

  2. Case report

    Complete ophthalmoplegia, complete ptosis and dilated pupil due to internal carotid artery dissection: as the first manifestation of Takayasu arteritis

    Takayasu arteritis is a rare, chronic large vessel vasculitis involving the aorta and its primary branches. As the disease progresses, the active inflammation of large vessels leads to dilation, narrowing and ...

    H. M. M. T. B. Herath, S. P. Pahalagamage, D. Withana and Sunethra Senanayake

    BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:201

    Published on: 25 July 2017

  3. Research article

    Effects of AMPD1 gene C34T polymorphism on cardiac index, blood pressure and prognosis in patients with cardiovascular diseases: a meta-analysis

    The meta-analysis was aimed to evaluate the effects of AMPD1 gene C34T polymorphism on cardiac function indexes, blood pressure and prognosis in patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD).

    Ai-Fang Feng, Zhong-Hui Liu, Shu-Long Zhou, Shi-Yuan Zhao, Yan-Xin Zhu and Huai-Xin Wang

    BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:174

    Published on: 3 July 2017

  4. Research article

    The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio on admission is a good predictor for all-cause mortality in hypertensive patients over 80 years of age

    Immuno-inflammation plays a major role in the process of hypertension. We aimed to evaluate the association between inflammatory markers, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), red cell distribution width (RDW)...

    Xiaonan Sun, Leiming Luo, Xiaoqian Zhao, Ping Ye and Ruixue Du

    BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:167

    Published on: 24 June 2017

  5. Research article

    Statin use reduces cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality amongst Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a 5-year cohort study

    The benefit of statin on the management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) among Chinese patients in primary care is not clear nor fully implemented in clinical practice. This study aimed to evaluate and quant...

    Colman Siu Cheung Fung, Eric Yuk Fai Wan, Anca Ka Chun Chan and Cindy Lo Kuen Lam

    BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:166

    Published on: 24 June 2017

  6. Research article

    Prevalence and treatment of atherogenic dyslipidemia in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in Europe: EURIKA, a cross-sectional observational study

    Atherogenic dyslipidemia is associated with poor cardiovascular outcomes, yet markers of this condition are often ignored in clinical practice. Here, we address a clear evidence gap by assessing the prevalence...

    Julian P. Halcox, José R. Banegas, Carine Roy, Jean Dallongeville, Guy De Backer, Eliseo Guallar, Joep Perk, David Hajage, Karin M. Henriksson and Claudio Borghi

    BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:160

    Published on: 17 June 2017

  7. Research article

    The influence of dehydration on the prognosis of acute ischemic stroke for patients treated with tissue plasminogen activator

    Many studies have determined that dehydration is an independent predictor of outcome after ischemic stroke (IS); however, none have determined if the use of thrombolytic therapy modifies the negative impact of...

    Fei-Fan Wu, Yen-Chu Hung, Y. H. Tsai, Jen-Tsung Yang, Tsong-Hai Lee, Chia-Wei Liow, Jiann-Der Lee, Chung-Jen Lin, Tsung-I Peng and Leng-Chieh Lin

    BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:154

    Published on: 13 June 2017

  8. Research article

    Does the presence of cardiovascular disease risk factors or established disease influence the dietary intake of affected adults and their children residing in the same household? A secondary analysis of the Australian Health Survey (2011–2013)

    Diet is an important contributor to risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and integral in management and delaying progression. Little is known however about whether increased CVD risk or established CVD has any...

    Jolene Thomas, Lily Chan, Amanda Wray, Jacqueline Miller, Kaye Mehta, Alison Yaxley, Kacie Dickinson, Louisa Matwiejczyk, Kathryn Jackson and Michelle Miller

    BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:146

    Published on: 5 June 2017

  9. Research article

    Prevalence of arterial hypertension in the Krasnoyarsk Krai (Siberia, Russia)

    To estimate the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of arterial hypertension among adult inhabitants of Krasnoyarsk Krai using the data from Russian multicenter epidemiological study ESSE-RF (Epidemio...

    I. P. Artyukhov, Yu. I. Grinshtein, M. M. Petrova, V. V. Shabalin and R. R. Ruf

    BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:138

    Published on: 26 May 2017

  10. Review

    The emerging role of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance in the evaluation of hypertensive heart disease

    Arterial hypertension is the commonest cause of cardiovascular death. It may lead to hypertensive heart disease (HHD), including heart failure (HF), ischemic heart disease (IHD) and left ventricular hypertroph...

    Sophie Mavrogeni, Vasiliki Katsi, Vasiliki Vartela, Michel Noutsias, George Markousis-Mavrogenis, Genovefa Kolovou and Athanasios Manolis

    BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:132

    Published on: 23 May 2017

  11. Research article

    A retrospective cohort study on the risk of stroke in relation to a priori health knowledge level among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Taiwan

    Intervention of diabetes care education with regular laboratory check-up in outpatient visits showed long-term benefits to reduce the risk of macrovascular complications among people with type 2 diabetes. Howe...

    Yun-Ju Lai, Hsiao-Yun Hu, Ya-Ling Lee, Po-Wen Ku, Yung-Feng Yen and Dachen Chu

    BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:130

    Published on: 22 May 2017

  12. Research article

    Red yeast rice induces less muscle fatigue symptom than simvastatin in dyslipidemic patients: a single center randomized pilot trial

    About 10–15% patients who take statins experience skeletal muscle problems. Red yeast rice has a good safety profile could provide a compromise therapeutic strategy. Therefore, the aim of this study was to eva...

    Yangjing Xue, Luyuan Tao, Shaoze Wu, Guoqiang Wang, Lu Qian, Jiwu Li, Lianming Liao, Jifei Tang and Kangting Ji

    BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:127

    Published on: 18 May 2017

  13. Research article

    AT1-receptor response to non-saturating Ang-II concentrations is amplified by calcium channel blockers

    Blockers of angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) and the voltage gated calcium channel 1.2 (CaV1.2) are commonly used for treatment of hypertension. Yet there is little information about the effect of physiologi...

    Kristoffer Bernhem, Kalaiselvan Krishnan, Alexander Bondar, Hjalmar Brismar, Anita Aperia and Lena Scott

    BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:126

    Published on: 17 May 2017

  14. Research article

    Effects of inaccuracies in arterial path length measurement on differences in MRI and tonometry measured pulse wave velocity

    Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV) and aortic PWV measured using MRI (MRI-PWV) show good correlation, but with a significant and consistent bias across studies. The aim of the current study was to ev...

    Jonathan R Weir-McCall, Faisel Khan, Deirdre B Cassidy, Arsh Thakur, Jennifer Summersgill, Shona Z Matthew, Fiona Adams, Fiona Dove, Stephen J Gandy, Helen M Colhoun, Jill JF Belch and J Graeme Houston

    BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:118

    Published on: 10 May 2017

  15. Research article

    Hypertension in Cameroon associated with high likelihood of obstructive sleep apnea: a pilot study

    Although disordered sleep patterns predispose to hypertension (HTN), little is known on the effect of the latter on sleep patterns in sub-Saharan Africa. This study therefore sought to generate preliminary dat...

    Alfred Kongnyu Njamnshi, Michel Karngong Mengnjo, Eta Ngole Mbong, Samuel Kingue, Julius Yundze Fonsah, Andreas Ateke Njoh, Leonard Njamnshi Nfor, Leonard Ngarka, Samuel Eric Chokote and Felicien Enyime Ntone

    BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:112

    Published on: 8 May 2017

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