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Epidemiology

This section concerns the epidemiology of cardiovascular disorders including but not limited to: cohort studies, genetic association studies, and prevalence studies.

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  1. Physical activity has been associated with a significant reduction in risk of sudden cardiac death in epidemiological studies, however, the strength of the association needs clarification. We conducted a syste...

    Authors: Dagfinn Aune, Sabrina Schlesinger, Mark Hamer, Teresa Norat and Elio Riboli

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:318

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality is substantially higher in Russia than in neighbouring Norway. We aimed to compare blood pressure- and lipid-lowering medication use and proportion meeting treatment targ...

    Authors: Sarah Cook, Laila A. Hopstock, Anne Elise Eggen, Katie Bates, Olena Iakunchykova, Anna Kontsevaya, Martin McKee, Henrik Schirmer, Michael Voevoda, Alexander V. Kudryavtsev, Sofia Malyutina and David A. Leon

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:234

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Timely restoration of bloodflow acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) reduces myocardial damage and improves prognosis. The objective of this study was describe the association of demographi...

    Authors: Lee K. Taylor, Michael A. Nelson, Marianne Gale, Judy Trevena, David B. Brieger, Scott Winch, Michelle A. Cretikos, Leah A. Newman, Hai N. Phung, Steven C. Faddy, Paul M. Kelly and Kerry Chant

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:224

    Content type: Research Article

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  4. Abnormal glucose metabolism has been suggested to be involved in the development of hypertension. This study investigated the effect of the association and potential interaction of glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA...

    Authors: Jian Song, Nana Wei, Yingying Zhao, Yuhong Jiang, Xuesen Wu and Huaiquan Gao

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:218

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Prior studies have shown insulin resistance is associated with reduced cardiac autonomic function measured at rest, but few studies have determined whether insulin resistance is associated with reduced cardiac...

    Authors: Anna K. Poon, Eric A. Whitsel, Gerardo Heiss, Elsayed Z. Soliman, Lynne E. Wagenknecht, Takeki Suzuki and Laura Loehr

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:217

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Heart failure (HF) represents an accumulated burden of systemic vascular damage and is the fastest growing form of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Due to increasing HF-attributable mortality rates, we sought to ...

    Authors: Alexander C. Razavi, Kaitlin S. Potts, Tanika N. Kelly, Jiang He, Camilo Fernandez, Marie Krousel-Wood, Amanda H. Anderson, Joshua Bundy, Seamus P. Whelton, Roger S. Blumenthal, Donald Lloyd-Jones and Lydia A. Bazzano

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:202

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Statin remains a mainstay in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Statin utilization has evolved over time in many countries, but data on this topic from China are quite limited. This study...

    Authors: Yujuan Liu, Xiaoqun Lv, Ning Xie, Zhonghong Fang, Weifang Ren, Yuan Gong, Yan Jin and Jun Zhang

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:201

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Childhood hypertension is a predictor of later diseases, increases the risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in adulthood and results in major economic burdens.

    Authors: Pooneh Angoorani, Shayan Mostafaei, Toktam Kiani, Hanieh-Sadat Ejtahed, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Gita Shafiee, Armita Mahdavi Gorabi, Mostafa Qorbani, Ramin Heshmat and Roya Kelishadi

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:193

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are commonly used as a treatment for many cardiovascular diseases, but their safety has been called into question. The VALUE trial found an increased risk of myocardial inf...

    Authors: Yara Wanas, Rim Bashir, Nazmul Islam and Luis Furuya-Kanamori

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:188

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most prevalent sustained arrhythmia worldwide and it aggravates cardiovascular morbidity and mortality; however, this is largely under-diagnosed. Moreover, among end-stage renal...

    Authors: Izzat AlAwwa, Reham Al-Hindi, Nadeen Alfraihat, Ahmad Obeid, Sarah Ibrahim, Shatha Jallad, Ahmad Al-Awwa and Akram Saleh

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:186

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Short supraventricular tachycardias with atrial fibrillation (AF) characteristics are associated with an increased risk of developing AF over time. The aim of this study is to determine if presence of very sho...

    Authors: Tove Fredriksson, Katrin Kemp Gudmundsdottir, Viveka Frykman, Leif Friberg, Faris Al-Khalili, Johan Engdahl and Emma Svennberg

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:167

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Tobacco smoking is one of the most important risk factors of coronary heart disease (CHD). Hence, smoking cessation is considered pivotal in the prevention of CHD. The current study aimed to evaluate smoking c...

    Authors: D. Goettler, M. Wagner, H. Faller, K. Kotseva, D. Wood, R. Leyh, G. Ertl, W. Karmann, P. U. Heuschmann and S. Störk

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:152

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Few reports are available on the contribution of general and abdominal obesity to the progression of carotid atherosclerosis in late adulthood. This study investigated the impact of four simple anthropometric ...

    Authors: Yume Imahori, Ellisiv B. Mathiesen, Katy E. Morgan, Chris Frost, Alun D. Hughes, Laila A. Hopstock, Stein Harald Johnsen, Nina Emaus and David A. Leon

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:138

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Uncontrolled hypertension is a major cardiovascular risk factor. We examined uncontrolled hypertension and differences in treatment regimens between a high-risk country, Russia, and low-risk Norway to gain bet...

    Authors: Jakob Petersen, Sofia Malyutina, Andrey Ryabikov, Anna Kontsevaya, Alexander V. Kudryavtsev, Anne Elise Eggen, Martin McKee, Sarah Cook, Laila A. Hopstock, Henrik Schirmer and David A. Leon

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:135

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Uncontrolled hypertension is one of the major risk factors of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. The prevalence of hypertension in Ethiopia is expected to reach up to 30%. The aim of this study was t...

    Authors: Firehiwot Amare, Bisrat Hagos, Mekonnen Sisay and Bereket Molla

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:129

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Effective control of blood pressure is necessary to avert the risk of cardiovascular diseases from uncontrolled hypertension. Despite evidence on the benefits of hypertension control, rates of control in Ghana...

    Authors: Darlene Esinam Okai, Adom Manu, Emefa Modey Amoah, Amos Laar, Joseph Akamah and Kwasi Torpey

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:123

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Sleep apnea and diabetes mellitus (DM) negatively impact cardiovascular health. One important indicator of cardiovascular health is the Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI). Either low ABI or high ABI are signs of perip...

    Authors: Mohammed M. Alshehri, Abdulfattah S. Alqahtani, Aqeel M. Alenazi, Monira Aldhahi, Shaima Alothman, Corey Gray, Bader Alqahtani, Kamlesh Khunti and Patricia Kluding

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:118

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a risk factor for diabetic foot ulcer, limb amputation as well as coronary heart disease. It is more common in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and co-exists with perip...

    Authors: Orighomisan Freda Agboghoroma, Fatai Momodu Akemokwe and Fabian H. Puepet

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:102

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The purpose of this study was to confirm that inequalities in community-level social economic status (SES) do actually impact the incidence of ischemic heart disease (IHD) using the Korean population-based coh...

    Authors: Jun Gyo Gwon, Jimi Choi and Young Jin Han

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:87

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Identification of early signs of atherosclerosis in young adults have the potential to guide early interventions to prevent later cardiovascular disease. We therefore analyzed measures of vascular structure an...

    Authors: Paul Pettersson-Pablo, Yang Cao, Torbjörn Bäckström, Torbjörn K. Nilsson and Anita Hurtig-Wennlöf

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:77

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Long-term exposure to pollution has been shown to increase risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality, and may contribute to the increased risk of CVD among individuals with higher social risk.

    Authors: Ann Canterbury, Justin B. Echouffo-Tcheugui, Daniel Shpilsky, Aryan Aiyer, Steven E. Reis and Sebhat Erqou

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:76

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The relative importance of lifestyle, medical and psychosocial factors on the risk of recurrent major cardiovascular (CV) events (MACE) in coronary patients’ needs to be identified. The main objective of this ...

    Authors: E. Sverre, K. Peersen, H. Weedon-Fekjær, J. Perk, E. Gjertsen, E. Husebye, L. Gullestad, T. Dammen, J. E. Otterstad and J. Munkhaugen

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:61

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Several inherited cardiac diseases may lead to sudden cardiac death (SCD) a devastating event in the families. It is crucial to establish a post mortem diagnosis to facilitate relevant work-up and treatment of...

    Authors: Puriya Daniel Yazdanfard, Alex Hørby Christensen, Jacob Tfelt-Hansen, Henning Bundgaard and Bo Gregers Winkel

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:58

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock (PCS) that is refractory to inotropic support remains a major concern in cardiac surgery and is almost universally fatal unless treated with mechanical support. While reported ...

    Authors: Mariusz Kowalewski, Giuseppe Maria Raffa, Kamil Zieliński, Musab Alanazi, Martijn Gilbers, Sam Heuts, Ehsan Natour, Elham Bidar, Rick Schreurs, Thijs Delnoij, Rob Driessen, Jan-Willem Sels, Marcel van de Poll, Paul Roekaerts, Paolo Meani, Jos Maessen…

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2020 20:10

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Congenital heart diseases (CHD) are among the most common congenital malformations. It is estimated that the incidence of CHD is constant worldwide, but data are rare for most African countries including Tanza...

    Authors: Antke Zuechner, Tumaini Mhada, Naizihijwa G. Majani, Godwin G. Sharau, William Mahalu and Matthias W. Freund

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2019 19:291

    Content type: Research article

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  26. AAA is a disease affecting predominantly male patients ≥65 years and its dreaded complications such as rupture led to population-based screening programs as preventive measure. Nonetheless, the supposed preval...

    Authors: Anna Hohneck, Michael Keese, Gerhard Ruemenapf, Klaus Amendt, Hannelore Muertz, Katharina Janda, Ibrahim Akin, Martin Borggrefe and Martin Sigl

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2019 19:284

    Content type: Research article

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  27. In spite of the important role of Apolipoprotein-M (ApoM) and Sphingosine-1-Phosphate (S1P) played in atherosclerosis (AS), there was few related research reporting ApoM and S1P complex (ApoM-S1P) on biologica...

    Authors: Yang Liu and Li Tie

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2019 19:279

    Content type: Research article

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  28. To estimate the prevalence of elevated blood glucose level (EBG, including type 2 diabetes mellitus and impaired fasting glucose), and its association with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) in Guangzhou,...

    Authors: Lu Fu, Hai Deng, Wei-dong Lin, Shang-fei He, Fang-zhou Liu, Yang Liu, Xian-zhang Zhan, Xian-hong Fang, Hong-tao Liao, Wei Wei, Zi-li Liao, Li-hong Tang, Zu-yi Fu, Mu-rui Zheng, Shu-lin Wu and Yu-mei Xue

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2019 19:270

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Hypertension is an established risk factor for the development of atrial fibrillation (AF). We evaluated the association and population impact of hypertension, defined using the new 2017 guidelines, on risk of...

    Authors: Anas Rattani, J’Neka S. Claxton, Mohammed K. Ali, Lin Y. Chen, Elsayed Z. Soliman and Alonso Alvaro

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2019 19:262

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) imposes much mortality and morbidity worldwide. The use of “deep learning”, advancements in genomics, metabolomics, proteomics and devices like wearables have the potential to unea...

    Authors: Jonathan Yap, Weng Khong Lim, Anders Sahlén, Calvin Woon-Loong Chin, Kenneth Michael Yun-Chi Chew, Sonia Davila, John Allen, Vera Goh, Swee Yaw Tan, Patrick Tan, Carolyn S. P. Lam, Stuart Alexander Cook and Khung Keong Yeo

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2019 19:259

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. The new ACC/AHA hypertension guideline lower the definition of hypertension from 140/90 mmHg to 130/80 mmHg and eliminate the category of prehypertension thus increasing the prevalence of hypertension. A purpo...

    Authors: Yanxia Xie, Mingfeng Ma, Zhao Li, Xiaofan Guo, Guozhe Sun, Zhaoqing Sun, Jia Zheng, Yingxian Sun and Liqiang Zheng

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2019 19:258

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) is known to be dynamic. However, the accuracy of a dynamic SCD prediction is unknown. We aimed to measure the dynamic predictive accuracy of ECG biomarkers of SCD and com...

    Authors: Erick A. Perez-Alday, Aron Bender, David German, Srini V. Mukundan, Christopher Hamilton, Jason A. Thomas, Yin Li-Pershing and Larisa G. Tereshchenko

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2019 19:255

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Individuals with established cardiovascular disease (CVD) and risk factors such as age, smoking, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus are at an increased risk of recurrent cardiovascular events and death. The i...

    Authors: Romona D. Govender, Saif Al-Shamsi, Elpidoforos S. Soteriades and Dybesh Regmi

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2019 19:253

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The independent association of neck circumference (NC) on elevated blood pressure is still uncertain in adults of China. The aim of this study is to explore such association and investigate the predictive valu...

    Authors: Huijing He, Li Pan, Feng Liu, Jingang Ma, Li Wang, Zhiping Hu, Yajun Li and Guangliang Shan

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2019 19:244

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs provide significant benefit for people with cardiovascular disease. Despite these benefits, such services are not universally available. We designed and evaluated a nationa...

    Authors: Bonnie J. Wakefield, Kariann Drwal, Monica Paez, Sara Grover, Carrie Franciscus, Heather Schacht Reisinger, Peter J. Kaboli and Ramzi El Accaoui

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2019 19:242

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Measures of abdominal adiposity are strongly associated with all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, data are limited and conflicting regarding the consequences of changes in body fat di...

    Authors: Angela A. Mulligan, Marleen A. H. Lentjes, Robert N. Luben, Nicholas J. Wareham and Kay-Tee Khaw

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2019 19:238

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The risk of peripheral artery disease (PAD) in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and coronary artery disease (CAD) is an important and inadequately addressed issue. Our aim is to examine the impact of DM on...

    Authors: Sadaf Kamil, Thomas S. G. Sehested, Nicholas Carlson, Kim Houlind, Jens F. Lassen, Casper N. Bang, Helena Dominguez, Christian T. Pedersen and Gunnar H. Gislason

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2019 19:234

    Content type: Research article

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  38. First-degree atrioventricular block (AVB) has traditionally been regarded as a benign condition but recent studies have challenged this conception. Prevalence of 1–2% have been reported in developed countries ...

    Authors: Zhi Du, Liying Xing, Min Lin, Yuanmeng Tian, Li Jing, Han Yan, Boqiang Zhang, Shuang Liu, Shiwen Yu and Yingxian Sun

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2019 19:214

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Smoking is a strong risk factor for cancer and atherosclerosis. Cancer mortality, especially from lung cancer, overtakes cardiovascular (CV) death rate in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Only ...

    Authors: Alexandra Yannoutsos, Manon Fontaine, Alexandre Galloula, Diane Damotte, Gilles Chatellier, Patrizia Paterlini-Bréchot, Guy Meyer, Jean Pastre, Véronique Duchatelle, Valéria Marini, Karl-Léo Schwering, Isabelle Lazareth, Parinaz Ghaffari, Audrey Stansal, Hélène Sanson, Cécile Labrousse…

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2019 19:212

    Content type: Study protocol

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  40. Obesity has nearly tripled worldwide during the last four decades, especially in young adults, and is of growing concern since it is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). We explored how different b...

    Authors: Ulrika Fernberg, Jos op ‘t Roodt, Maria Fernström and Anita Hurtig-Wennlöf

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2019 19:205

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Several studies on the growth rates of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in Chinese population have been conducted; however, this issue remains unclear. The aim of this study is to systematically review publishe...

    Authors: Tingting Huang, Shuai Liu, Jianhua Huang, Baohui Xu, Yongping Bai and Wei Wang

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2019 19:204

    Content type: Research article

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  42. This study examines how prevalence and clustering of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors differ by ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES) among rural southwest Chinese adults.

    Authors: Li Hui-Fang, Le Cai, Xu-Ming Wang and Allison Rabkin Golden

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2019 19:200

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Cardiovascular (CV) diseases including heart failure are the leading causes of morbidity, with age being the primary risk factor. The combination of age-related organic functional impairment and reduced physic...

    Authors: Jonathan Wagner, Raphael Knaier, Denis Infanger, Konstantin Arbeev, Matthias Briel, Thomas Dieterle, Henner Hanssen, Oliver Faude, Ralf Roth, Timo Hinrichs and Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2019 19:180

    Content type: Study protocol

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  44. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality worldwide; however, the epidemiology of CVD among nationals from the United Arab Emirates (UAE) remains unknown. This study aimed to estimate the ...

    Authors: Saif Al-Shamsi, Dybesh Regmi and Romona D. Govender

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2019 19:148

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Biochemical marker has revolutionized the approach to the diagnosis of heart failure. However, it remains difficult to assess stability of the patient. As such, novel means of stratifying disease severity are ...

    Authors: Chao Gao, Shasha Zhao, Kun Lian, Baibing Mi, Rui Si, Zhijun Tan, Feng Fu, Shuai Wang, Rutao Wang, Xinliang Ma and Ling Tao

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2019 19:139

    Content type: Research article

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