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Epidemiology

This section concerns the epidemiology of cardiovascular disorders including but not limited to: cohort studies, genetic association studies, and prevalence studies.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and changes in LV geometry are associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. Subjects with type 2 diabetes have an increased risk of such alterations in cardiac morpholo...

    Authors: Susanne Rospleszcz, Anina Schafnitzel, Wolfgang Koenig, Roberto Lorbeer, Sigrid Auweter, Cornelia Huth, Wolfgang Rathmann, Margit Heier, Birgit Linkohr, Christa Meisinger, Holger Hetterich, Fabian Bamberg and Annette Peters

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:162

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  2. Content type: Study protocol

    Heart failure (HF) and frailty often co-exist, and frailty in HF results in a poor prognosis. However, in Asian populations, prognostic criteria are needed to examine the effect of frailty on HF. Therefore, we...

    Authors: Sumio Yamada, Takuji Adachi, Hideo Izawa, Toyoaki Murohara and Takaaki Kondo

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:159

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) is the first ranked among most common causes of death involving cardiovascular and other diseases. The information on the prevalence of IHD in Thailand is lacking especially among ...

    Authors: Boonsub Sakboonyarat and Ram Rangsin

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:151

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) refers to fatty infiltration of liver in the absence of excessive alcohol abuse. However, the problem that whether NAFLD is correlated with subclinical atherosclerosis ...

    Authors: Jilin Zheng, Yong Zhou, Kuo Zhang, Yu Qi, Shimin An, Siyuan Wang, Xingquan Zhao and Yi-Da Tang

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:147

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Inflammation is a common feature of both peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and periodontitis. Some studies have evaluated the association between PAD and periodontitis. However, there is still no specialized m...

    Authors: Shuo Yang, Li Sheng Zhao, Chuan Cai, Quan Shi, Ning Wen and Juan Xu

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:141

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The EPICOR Asia (long-tErm follow-uP of antithrombotic management patterns In acute CORonary syndrome patients in Asia) study (NCT01361386) was an observational study of patients hospitalized for acute coronar...

    Authors: Stephen Jan, Stephen W-L. Lee, Jitendra P. S. Sawhney, Tiong K. Ong, Chee Tang Chin, Hyo-Soo Kim, Rungroj Krittayaphong, Vo T. Nhan, Stuart J. Pocock, Ana M. Vega, Nobuya Hayashi and Yong Huo

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:139

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The large global burden of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) has come to light in recent years following robust epidemiologic studies. As an operational research component of a broad program aimed at primary and s...

    Authors: John Musuku, Mark E. Engel, Patrick Musonda, Joyce Chipili Lungu, Elizabeth Machila, Sherri Schwaninger, Agnes Mtaja, Evans Mulendele, Dorothy Kavindele, Jonathan Spector, Brigitta Tadmor, Marcelo M. Gutierrez, Joris Van Dam, Laurence Colin, Aidan Long, Mark C. Fishman…

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:135

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The incidence and mortality of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in low and middle income countries (LMICs) have been increasing, while access to CVDs medicines is suboptimal. We assessed selection of essential m...

    Authors: Y. T. Bazargani, M. Ugurlu, A. de Boer, H. G. M. Leufkens and A. K. Mantel-Teeuwisse

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:126

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  9. Content type: Research article

    In the present study, the association of the cardio-metabolic risk factors and the status of single-child family were studied in a national representative sample of Iranian children and adolescents.

    Authors: Roya Kelishadi, Mostafa Qorbani, Fatemeh Rezaei, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Shirin Djalalinia, Hasan Ziaodini, Majzoubeh Taheri, Fatemeh Ochi, Gita Shafiee, Tahereh Aminaei, Armita Mahdavi Gorabi and Ramin Heshmat

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:109

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Neck circumference (NC), representing upper body subcutaneous adipose tissue, may be correlated with increased risk of overweight/obesity, obstructive sleep apnoea, and metabolic and cardiovascular disease. Ho...

    Authors: Jingjing Zhang, Qi Guo, Liyuan Peng, Jiamei Li, Ya Gao, Bin Yan, Bangjiang Fang and Gang Wang

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:108

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Patient preferences are key parameters to evaluate benefit-harm balance of statins for primary prevention but they are not readily available to guideline developers and decision makers. Our study aimed to elic...

    Authors: Henock G. Yebyo, Hélène E. Aschmann, Tsung Yu and Milo A. Puhan

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:97

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The risk factors for peripheral artery disease (PAD) are more common in Indigenous than non-Indigenous Australians, however the presentation and outcome of PAD in Indigenous Australians has not been previously...

    Authors: Tejas P. Singh, Joseph V. Moxon, Genevieve N. Healy, Yvonne Cadet-James and Jonathan Golledge

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:94

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The inter-relationships of atrial fibrillation (AF) to retinal vascular occlusions (whether retinal artery occlusion (RAO) or retinal venous occlusion (RVO)) remain unclear. It is unknown if a presentation of ...

    Authors: Christine Benn Christiansen, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Jonas Bjerring Olesen, Gunnar Gislason, Morten Lamberts, Nicholas Carlson, Mathias Buron, Nikolai Juul and Gregory Y. H. Lip

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:91

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Despite current interest in the unfavorable impact of nontraditional lipid profiles on cardiovascular disease, information regarding its relations to abnormal left ventricular (LV) geometry has not been system...

    Authors: Haoyu Wang, Zhao Li, Xiaofan Guo, Yintao Chen, Ye Chang, Shuang Chen and Yingxian Sun

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:88

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Although rheumatic heart disease remains the leading cause of valve heart disease (VHD) in developing countries, other forms of valve disease have been over shadowed and not regarded as a public health problem...

    Authors: Joselyn Rwebembera, William Manyilirah, Zhang Wan Zhu, Juliet Nabbaale, Judith Namuyonga, Isaac Ssinabulya, Sulaiman Lubega, Peter Lwabi, John Omagino and Emmy Okello

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:82

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Metabolic syndrome is associated with cardio-metabolic risk factors and lipid abnormalities. Previous studies evaluated the dietary habits and nutrient intakes among patients with metabolic syndrome; however t...

    Authors: Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi and Leila Jahangiry

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:68

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  17. Content type: Research article

    There is a lack of information on the epidemiological data and risk factors associated with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in Chinese population. We reported the primary results from screening five-community ...

    Authors: Kun Li, Kewei Zhang, Tianxiao Li and Shuiting Zhai

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:60

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Computed tomography (CT) biomarkers claim to improve cardiovascular risk stratification. This review focuses on significant differences in incremental measures between adequate and inadequate reporting practise.

    Authors: Chun Lap Pang, Nicola Pilkington, Yinghui Wei, Jaime Peters, Carl Roobottom and Chris Hyde

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:39

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The carotid intima media thickness (cIMT) and carotid plaque score (cPS) are respective markers of early and late stage subclinical atherosclerosis. Relationships between some laboratory parameters and subclin...

    Authors: Javad Alizargar and Chyi-Huey Bai

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:21

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Perception of low subjective social status (SSS) relative to others in society or in the community has been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Our objectives were to determine whether lo...

    Authors: Karen L. Tang, Louise Pilote, Hassan Behlouli, Jenny Godley and William A. Ghali

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:22

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Reducing women’s cardiovascular risk and the economic costs associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and diabetes (DM) continues to be a challenge. Whether a multifaceted CVD screening programme is benefi...

    Authors: Marie Dahl, Lars Frost, Rikke Søgaard, Ib Christian Klausen, Vibeke Lorentzen and Jes Lindholt

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:20

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Ischaemic heart disease (IHD) is a major barrier to sustainable human development, but its health burden and geographic distribution among provinces of China remain unclear. This study aimed to estimate IHD bu...

    Authors: Ganshen Zhang, Chuanhua Yu, Maigeng Zhou, Lu Wang, Yunquan Zhang and Lisha Luo

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:18

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Various anthropometric indices can be used to estimate obesity, and it is important to determine which one is the best in predicting the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and to define the optimal cut-off p...

    Authors: Fei Wang, Yintao Chen, Ye Chang, Guozhe Sun and Yingxian Sun

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:14

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs12040273, a variant of UDP-N–acetylgalactosamine, polypeptide GalNAc-transferase 2, has recently been reported to be significantly associated with development of caro...

    Authors: Bo Yang, Shan Yan, Jianjun Yan, Yafei Li, Mohammad Reeaze Khurwolah, Liansheng Wang and Zhong Chen

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:10

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Obesity is a major risk factor for hypertension, however, the physiologic mechanisms linking increased adiposity to elevations in blood pressure are not well described. An increase in resting energy expenditur...

    Authors: Chloe Creber, Richard S. Cooper, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Pascal Bovet, Estelle V. Lambert, Terrence E. Forrester, Dale Schoeller, Walter Riesen, Wolfgang Korte, Guichan Cao, Amy Luke and Lara R. Dugas

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:4

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  26. Content type: Research article

    While data from primary care suggest an insufficient control of vascular risk factors, little is known about vascular risk factor control in the general population. We therefore aimed to investigate the adopti...

    Authors: Theresa Tiffe, Martin Wagner, Viktoria Rücker, Caroline Morbach, Götz Gelbrich, Stefan Störk and Peter U. Heuschmann

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:276

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) is a genetic disorder with a high risk of developing premature coronary artery disease that should be diagnosed as early as possible. Several clinical diagnostic criteria fo...

    Authors: Suraya Abdul-Razak, Radzi Rahmat, Alicezah Mohd Kasim, Thuhairah Abdul Rahman, Suhaila Muid, Nadzimah Mohd Nasir, Zubin Ibrahim, Sazzli Kasim, Zaliha Ismail, Rohana Abdul Ghani, Abdul Rais Sanusi, Azhari Rosman and Hapizah Nawawi

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:264

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The importance of socioeconomic status (SES) for coronary heart disease (CHD)-morbidity is subject of ongoing scientific investigations. This study was to explore the association between SES in different city-...

    Authors: J. Schmucker, S. Seide, H. Wienbergen, E. Fiehn, J. Stehmeier, K. Günther, W. Ahrens, R. Hambrecht, H. Pohlabeln and A. Fach

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:254

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Less intensive treatment for heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) may be appropriate for patients in long-term care settings because of limited life expectancy, frailty, comorbidities, and emph...

    Authors: Emily B. Levitan, Melissa K. Van Dyke, Ligong Chen, Raegan W. Durant, Todd M. Brown, J. David Rhodes, Olusola Olubowale, Oluwole Muyiwa Adegbala, Meredith L. Kilgore, Justin Blackburn, Karen C. Albright and Monika M. Safford

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:249

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Elevated resting heart rate (RHR) has been reported to be associated with metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to explore whether a positive relationship exists between RHR and imp...

    Authors: Zhen Yang, Weiwei Zhang, Lingfei Zhu, Ning Lin, Yixin Niu, Xiaoyong Li, Shuai Lu, Hongmei Zhang, Xuanchun Wang, Jie Wen, Guang Ning, Li Qin and Qing Su

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:246

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Elimination of modifiable risk factors including unhealthy lifestyle has the potential for prevention of 80% of cardiovascular disease cases. The present study focuses on disclosing barriers for maintaining sp...

    Authors: Jesper Bo Nielsen, Anja Leppin, Dort e Gyrd-Hansen, Dorte Ejg Jarbøl, Jens Søndergaard and Pia Veldt Larsen

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:245

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Rivaroxaban is an oral anticoagulant approved in the US for prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). We determined the effectiveness and associated r...

    Authors: Faye L. Norby, Lindsay G.S. Bengtson, Pamela L. Lutsey, Lin Y. Chen, Richard F. MacLehose, Alanna M. Chamberlain, Ian Rapson and Alvaro Alonso

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:238

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Hemoconcentration has been proposed as surrogate for changes in volume status among patients hospitalized with acute heart failure (AHF) and is associated with a favorable outcome. However, there is a dearth o...

    Authors: Haobin Zhou, Tianyu Xu, Yuli Huang, Qiong Zhan, Xingfu Huang, Qingchun Zeng and Dingli Xu

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:235

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Limited studies have evaluated the medication-taking behavior in very elderly hypertensive patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the persistence and adherence with antihypertensive agents in treatmen...

    Authors: Kyung Hee Choi, Yun Mi Yu, Young-Mi Ah, Min Jung Chang and Ju-Yeun Lee

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:232

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Existing evidence suggests that the cardiovascular morbidities are increasing among pre-hypertensive individuals compared to normal. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of prehypertension, hyp...

    Authors: Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid, Vanphanom Sychareun, Alice Joan G. Ferrer, Wah Yun Low, Thang Nguyen Huu, Hla Hla Win, Erna Rochmawati and Niruwan Turnbull

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:230

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  36. Content type: Research article

    B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) has prognostic significance in heart failure (HF), and reductions in BNP may predict clinical improvement. However, there are limited data regarding the prognostic value of BNP...

    Authors: Sayma Sabrina Khanam, Jung-Woo Son, Jun-Won Lee, Young Jin Youn, Junghan Yoon, Seung-Hwan Lee, Jang-Young Kim, Sung Gyun Ahn, Min-Soo Ahn and Byung-Su Yoo

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:215

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The use of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) may pose more risks than benefits to patients and is a major factor contributing to the likelihood of serious adverse drug reactions and negative health ...

    Authors: Marwan Sheikh-Taha and Hani Dimassi

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:189

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The relationship between neuroticism, depression and cardiovascular disease (CVD) is complex and has so far not been studied in depth. The aim of this study was to determine if neuroticism is an effect-modifie...

    Authors: Aysha Almas, Jette Moller, Romaina Iqbal and Yvonne Forsell

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:185

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Buckinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust (BHT) carried out a cardiac rehabilitation (CR) service redesign aimed at optimising patient recruitment and retention and decreasing readmissions.

    Authors: Fiona McCartan, Nicola Bowers, Jack Turner, Mirren Mandalia, Nayan Kalnad, Anna Bishop-Bailey, Jiayu Fu and Piers Clifford

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:184

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The connecting peptide in insulin has been associated with cardiovascular risk and overall mortality in the adult population. However, its early determinants are unknown. Assess the association of exposures du...

    Authors: Romildo Luiz Monteiro Andrade, Denise Petrucci Gigante, Isabel Oliveira de Oliveira and Bernardo Lessa Horta

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:181

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Several studies found mid-regional pro-adrenomedullin (ProADM), the prohormone of the cardiovascular protein adrenomedullin, to be strongly associated with short-term mortality, mostly in the inpatient setting...

    Authors: Jonas Odermatt, Marc Meili, Lara Hersberger, Rebekka Bolliger, Mirjam Christ-Crain, Matthias Briel, Heiner C. Bucher, Beat Mueller and Philipp Schuetz

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:178

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Lifestyle factors associated with hypertension (HT) in South Asian populations are relatively unknown. The objective of the current study was to investigate the prevalence rates of undiagnosed HT and factors a...

    Authors: N. W. I. A. Jayawardana, W. A. T. A. Jayalath, W. M. T. Madhujith, U. Ralapanawa, R. S. Jayasekera, S. A. S. B. Alagiyawanna, A. M. K. R. Bandara and N. S. Kalupahana

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:165

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the study was to determine the incidence of acute pulmonary embolism (PE) in Sweden and any regional differences. To assess short- and long-term survival analysis after an episode of PE, before and ...

    Authors: Therese Andersson and Stefan Söderberg

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:155

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Knowledge of the normal limits of the electrocardiogram (ECG) is mandatory for establishing which patients have abnormal ECGs. No studies have assessed the reference standards for a Latin American population. ...

    Authors: Daniel M. F. Palhares, Milena S. Marcolino, Thales M. M. Santos, José L. P. da Silva, Paulo R. Gomes, Leonardo B. Ribeiro, Peter W. Macfarlane and Antonio L. P. Ribeiro

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:152

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  45. Content type: Software

    In order to investigate the mechanisms of cardiovascular disease in HIV infected and uninfected patients, an analysis of echocardiogram reports is required for a large longitudinal multi-center study.

    Authors: Olga V. Patterson, Matthew S. Freiberg, Melissa Skanderson, Samah J. Fodeh, Cynthia A. Brandt and Scott L. DuVall

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:151

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Growth hormone (GH) has been linked to cardiovascular disease but the exact mechanism of this association is still unclear. We here test if the fasting levels of GH are cross-sectionally associated with caroti...

    Authors: Erik Hallengren, Peter Almgren, Maria Rosvall, Gerd Östling, Margaretha Persson, Andreas Bergmann, Joachim Struck, Gunnar Engström, Bo Hedblad and Olle Melander

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:125

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Infective endocarditis is an uncommon but life-threatening infectious disease. To our knowledge, current investigations of the characteristics of infective endocarditis in our region are scarce. In this study,...

    Authors: Wan Zhu, Qian Zhang and Jingping Zhang

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:113

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