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Epidemiology

This section concerns the epidemiology of cardiovascular disorders including but not limited to: cohort studies, genetic association studies, and prevalence studies.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study is to investigate if IL8 levels were associated with incident cardiovascular (CV) events (CVE) and mortality (all-cause, CV, and cancer) in a cohort of 60 years old men and women from Sto...

    Authors: Ilais Moreno Velásquez, Ashwini Gajulapuri, Karin Leander, Anita Berglund, Ulf de Faire and Bruna Gigante

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2019 19:34

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  2. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to assess the trends in the prevalence of electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities from 1986 to 2015 and impact of ECG abnormalities on risk of death from cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the ...

    Authors: Abdonas Tamosiunas, Janina Petkeviciene, Ricardas Radisauskas, Gailute Bernotiene, Dalia Luksiene, Mindaugas Kavaliauskas, Irena Milvidaitė and Dalia Virviciute

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2019 19:30

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  3. Content type: Research article

    According to several studies in population of high-income countries (HIC), patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) have a considerably higher risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, it is ...

    Authors: Pablo Miranda-Machado, Fernando Salcedo-Mejía, Justo Paz Wilches, Juan Fernandez-Mercado, Fernando De la Hoz-Restrepo and Nelson Alvis-Guzmán

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2019 19:8

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Elevated serum uric acid (SUA) is associated with poor prognosis in patients with cardiovascular disease, yet it is still not decided whether the role of SUA is causal or only reflects an underlying disease. T...

    Authors: Viera Stubnova, Ingrid Os, Aud Høieggen, Marit D. Solbu, Morten Grundtvig, Arne S. Westheim, Dan Atar and Bård Waldum-Grevbo

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2019 19:4

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Sleep-related investigations in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients are rare. The aim of this study was to examine sex-specific associations of patient-reported sleep disturbances within 4 weeks before ...

    Authors: Franziska Nairz, Christa Meisinger, Inge Kirchberger, Margit Heier, Christian Thilo, Bernhard Kuch, Annette Peters and Ute Amann

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:235

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important treatment goal that could serve as low-cost prognostication tool in resource poor settings.

    Authors: Samson Okello, Fardous Charles Abeya, Boniface Amanee Elias Lumori, Suzan Joan Akello, Christopher Charles Moore, Brian H. Annex and Andrew J. Buda

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:232

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity programs (PAP) in patients with cardiovascular disease require evidence of cost-utility. To assess improvement in health-related quality of life (QoL) and reduction of health care consumption...

    Authors: Laurent Bailly, Philippe Mossé, Stéphane Diagana, Marion Fournier, Fabienne d’Arripe-Longueville, Odile Diagana, Jocelyn Gal, Jean Grebet, Mario Moncada, Jean-Jacques Domerego, Rémi Radel, Roxane Fabre, Alain Fuch and Christian Pradier

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:225

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The rate of incidentally diagnosed congenital heart disease (CHD) in adulthood has not been reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the detection rate of CHD in adults by routine, general health che...

    Authors: Eun Min Kwag, Ju Suk Lee and Sung Hoon Kim

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:223

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Self-administered health-status questionnaires are important tools in epidemiology. The objective of the presented validation study is to measure the agreement between breast cancer patients’ self-reports and ...

    Authors: Hiltrud Merzenich, Maria Blettner, Dorothea Niehoff, Lukas Schwentner, Marcus Schmidt, Margit Schmitt and Daniel Wollschläger

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:218

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) implantation is associated with driving restrictions which may have profound effects on the patient’s life. However, there is limited patient-reported data on the i...

    Authors: Jenny Bjerre, Simone Hofman Rosenkranz, Anne Mielke Christensen, Morten Schou, Christian Jøns, Gunnar Gislason and Anne-Christine Ruwald

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:212

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The objective of our study was to compare resource use and clinical outcomes among atrial fibrillation (AF) patients who underwent catheter ablation versus antiarrhythmic drug (AAD) treatment.

    Authors: Julian W. E. Jarman, Wajid Hussain, Tom Wong, Vias Markides, Jamie March, Laura Goldstein, Ray Liao, Iftekhar Kalsekar, Abhishek Chitnis and Rahul Khanna

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:211

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The current study evaluated time trends of statin use and incidence of recurrent CVD in secondary prevention from 1999 to 2013 and investigated which factors were associated with statin use in secondary preven...

    Authors: Nele Laleman, Séverine Henrard, Marjan van den Akker, Geert Goderis, Frank Buntinx, Gijs Van Pottelbergh and Bert Vaes

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:209

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Few studies have suggested that patients with myocardial infarction (MI) may be at increased risk of cancer, but further large register-based studies are needed to evaluate this subject. The aim of this study ...

    Authors: Morten Malmborg, Christine Benn Christiansen, Michelle D. Schmiegelow, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Gunnar Gislason and Morten Schou

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:198

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The association between pre-operative cardiac catheterization and cardiac surgery associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI) has been reported inconsistently. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect ...

    Authors: Wuhua Jiang, Jiawei Yu, Jiarui Xu, Bo Shen, Yimei Wang, Zhe Luo, Chunsheng Wang, Xiaoqiang Ding and Jie Teng

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:191

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Recent studies have shown a significant role of the endocannabinoid system, apelin and S100A6 protein in the regulation of cardiovascular system functioning. The aim of the study was to compare and evaluate th...

    Authors: Irena Kasacka, Żaneta Piotrowska, Anna Filipek and Wojciech Lebkowski

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:190

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Individuals with prehypertension are at higher risk of developing hypertension and cardiovascular diseases, while the interaction between factors may aggravate prehypertension risk. Therefore, this study aimed...

    Authors: Jian Song, Xue Chen, Yingying Zhao, Jing Mi, Xuesen Wu and Huaiquan Gao

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:182

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Many previous clinical studies have reported that prolongation of the QT interval corrected for heart rate (QTc) is associated with an increased risk of sudden cardiac death and all-cause mortality. This study...

    Authors: Yintao Chen, Xiaofan Guo, Guozhe Sun, Zhao Li, Liqiang Zheng and Yingxian Sun

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:175

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and changes in LV geometry are associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. Subjects with type 2 diabetes have an increased risk of such alterations in cardiac morpholo...

    Authors: Susanne Rospleszcz, Anina Schafnitzel, Wolfgang Koenig, Roberto Lorbeer, Sigrid Auweter, Cornelia Huth, Wolfgang Rathmann, Margit Heier, Birgit Linkohr, Christa Meisinger, Holger Hetterich, Fabian Bamberg and Annette Peters

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:162

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  19. Content type: Study protocol

    Heart failure (HF) and frailty often co-exist, and frailty in HF results in a poor prognosis. However, in Asian populations, prognostic criteria are needed to examine the effect of frailty on HF. Therefore, we...

    Authors: Sumio Yamada, Takuji Adachi, Hideo Izawa, Toyoaki Murohara and Takaaki Kondo

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:159

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) is the first ranked among most common causes of death involving cardiovascular and other diseases. The information on the prevalence of IHD in Thailand is lacking especially among ...

    Authors: Boonsub Sakboonyarat and Ram Rangsin

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:151

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) refers to fatty infiltration of liver in the absence of excessive alcohol abuse. However, the problem that whether NAFLD is correlated with subclinical atherosclerosis ...

    Authors: Jilin Zheng, Yong Zhou, Kuo Zhang, Yu Qi, Shimin An, Siyuan Wang, Xingquan Zhao and Yi-Da Tang

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:147

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Inflammation is a common feature of both peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and periodontitis. Some studies have evaluated the association between PAD and periodontitis. However, there is still no specialized m...

    Authors: Shuo Yang, Li Sheng Zhao, Chuan Cai, Quan Shi, Ning Wen and Juan Xu

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:141

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The EPICOR Asia (long-tErm follow-uP of antithrombotic management patterns In acute CORonary syndrome patients in Asia) study (NCT01361386) was an observational study of patients hospitalized for acute coronar...

    Authors: Stephen Jan, Stephen W-L. Lee, Jitendra P. S. Sawhney, Tiong K. Ong, Chee Tang Chin, Hyo-Soo Kim, Rungroj Krittayaphong, Vo T. Nhan, Stuart J. Pocock, Ana M. Vega, Nobuya Hayashi and Yong Huo

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:139

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The large global burden of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) has come to light in recent years following robust epidemiologic studies. As an operational research component of a broad program aimed at primary and s...

    Authors: John Musuku, Mark E. Engel, Patrick Musonda, Joyce Chipili Lungu, Elizabeth Machila, Sherri Schwaninger, Agnes Mtaja, Evans Mulendele, Dorothy Kavindele, Jonathan Spector, Brigitta Tadmor, Marcelo M. Gutierrez, Joris Van Dam, Laurence Colin, Aidan Long, Mark C. Fishman…

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:135

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The incidence and mortality of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in low and middle income countries (LMICs) have been increasing, while access to CVDs medicines is suboptimal. We assessed selection of essential m...

    Authors: Y. T. Bazargani, M. Ugurlu, A. de Boer, H. G. M. Leufkens and A. K. Mantel-Teeuwisse

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:126

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  26. Content type: Research article

    In the present study, the association of the cardio-metabolic risk factors and the status of single-child family were studied in a national representative sample of Iranian children and adolescents.

    Authors: Roya Kelishadi, Mostafa Qorbani, Fatemeh Rezaei, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Shirin Djalalinia, Hasan Ziaodini, Majzoubeh Taheri, Fatemeh Ochi, Gita Shafiee, Tahereh Aminaei, Armita Mahdavi Gorabi and Ramin Heshmat

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:109

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Neck circumference (NC), representing upper body subcutaneous adipose tissue, may be correlated with increased risk of overweight/obesity, obstructive sleep apnoea, and metabolic and cardiovascular disease. Ho...

    Authors: Jingjing Zhang, Qi Guo, Liyuan Peng, Jiamei Li, Ya Gao, Bin Yan, Bangjiang Fang and Gang Wang

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:108

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Patient preferences are key parameters to evaluate benefit-harm balance of statins for primary prevention but they are not readily available to guideline developers and decision makers. Our study aimed to elic...

    Authors: Henock G. Yebyo, Hélène E. Aschmann, Tsung Yu and Milo A. Puhan

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:97

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The risk factors for peripheral artery disease (PAD) are more common in Indigenous than non-Indigenous Australians, however the presentation and outcome of PAD in Indigenous Australians has not been previously...

    Authors: Tejas P. Singh, Joseph V. Moxon, Genevieve N. Healy, Yvonne Cadet-James and Jonathan Golledge

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:94

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The inter-relationships of atrial fibrillation (AF) to retinal vascular occlusions (whether retinal artery occlusion (RAO) or retinal venous occlusion (RVO)) remain unclear. It is unknown if a presentation of ...

    Authors: Christine Benn Christiansen, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Jonas Bjerring Olesen, Gunnar Gislason, Morten Lamberts, Nicholas Carlson, Mathias Buron, Nikolai Juul and Gregory Y. H. Lip

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:91

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Despite current interest in the unfavorable impact of nontraditional lipid profiles on cardiovascular disease, information regarding its relations to abnormal left ventricular (LV) geometry has not been system...

    Authors: Haoyu Wang, Zhao Li, Xiaofan Guo, Yintao Chen, Ye Chang, Shuang Chen and Yingxian Sun

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:88

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Although rheumatic heart disease remains the leading cause of valve heart disease (VHD) in developing countries, other forms of valve disease have been over shadowed and not regarded as a public health problem...

    Authors: Joselyn Rwebembera, William Manyilirah, Zhang Wan Zhu, Juliet Nabbaale, Judith Namuyonga, Isaac Ssinabulya, Sulaiman Lubega, Peter Lwabi, John Omagino and Emmy Okello

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:82

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Metabolic syndrome is associated with cardio-metabolic risk factors and lipid abnormalities. Previous studies evaluated the dietary habits and nutrient intakes among patients with metabolic syndrome; however t...

    Authors: Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi and Leila Jahangiry

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:68

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  34. Content type: Research article

    There is a lack of information on the epidemiological data and risk factors associated with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in Chinese population. We reported the primary results from screening five-community ...

    Authors: Kun Li, Kewei Zhang, Tianxiao Li and Shuiting Zhai

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:60

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Computed tomography (CT) biomarkers claim to improve cardiovascular risk stratification. This review focuses on significant differences in incremental measures between adequate and inadequate reporting practise.

    Authors: Chun Lap Pang, Nicola Pilkington, Yinghui Wei, Jaime Peters, Carl Roobottom and Chris Hyde

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:39

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Perception of low subjective social status (SSS) relative to others in society or in the community has been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Our objectives were to determine whether lo...

    Authors: Karen L. Tang, Louise Pilote, Hassan Behlouli, Jenny Godley and William A. Ghali

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:22

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The carotid intima media thickness (cIMT) and carotid plaque score (cPS) are respective markers of early and late stage subclinical atherosclerosis. Relationships between some laboratory parameters and subclin...

    Authors: Javad Alizargar and Chyi-Huey Bai

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:21

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Reducing women’s cardiovascular risk and the economic costs associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and diabetes (DM) continues to be a challenge. Whether a multifaceted CVD screening programme is benefi...

    Authors: Marie Dahl, Lars Frost, Rikke Søgaard, Ib Christian Klausen, Vibeke Lorentzen and Jes Lindholt

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:20

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Ischaemic heart disease (IHD) is a major barrier to sustainable human development, but its health burden and geographic distribution among provinces of China remain unclear. This study aimed to estimate IHD bu...

    Authors: Ganshen Zhang, Chuanhua Yu, Maigeng Zhou, Lu Wang, Yunquan Zhang and Lisha Luo

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:18

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Various anthropometric indices can be used to estimate obesity, and it is important to determine which one is the best in predicting the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and to define the optimal cut-off p...

    Authors: Fei Wang, Yintao Chen, Ye Chang, Guozhe Sun and Yingxian Sun

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:14

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs12040273, a variant of UDP-N–acetylgalactosamine, polypeptide GalNAc-transferase 2, has recently been reported to be significantly associated with development of caro...

    Authors: Bo Yang, Shan Yan, Jianjun Yan, Yafei Li, Mohammad Reeaze Khurwolah, Liansheng Wang and Zhong Chen

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:10

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Obesity is a major risk factor for hypertension, however, the physiologic mechanisms linking increased adiposity to elevations in blood pressure are not well described. An increase in resting energy expenditur...

    Authors: Chloe Creber, Richard S. Cooper, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Pascal Bovet, Estelle V. Lambert, Terrence E. Forrester, Dale Schoeller, Walter Riesen, Wolfgang Korte, Guichan Cao, Amy Luke and Lara R. Dugas

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2018 18:4

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  43. Content type: Research article

    While data from primary care suggest an insufficient control of vascular risk factors, little is known about vascular risk factor control in the general population. We therefore aimed to investigate the adopti...

    Authors: Theresa Tiffe, Martin Wagner, Viktoria Rücker, Caroline Morbach, Götz Gelbrich, Stefan Störk and Peter U. Heuschmann

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:276

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) is a genetic disorder with a high risk of developing premature coronary artery disease that should be diagnosed as early as possible. Several clinical diagnostic criteria fo...

    Authors: Suraya Abdul-Razak, Radzi Rahmat, Alicezah Mohd Kasim, Thuhairah Abdul Rahman, Suhaila Muid, Nadzimah Mohd Nasir, Zubin Ibrahim, Sazzli Kasim, Zaliha Ismail, Rohana Abdul Ghani, Abdul Rais Sanusi, Azhari Rosman and Hapizah Nawawi

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:264

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  45. Content type: Research article

    The importance of socioeconomic status (SES) for coronary heart disease (CHD)-morbidity is subject of ongoing scientific investigations. This study was to explore the association between SES in different city-...

    Authors: J. Schmucker, S. Seide, H. Wienbergen, E. Fiehn, J. Stehmeier, K. Günther, W. Ahrens, R. Hambrecht, H. Pohlabeln and A. Fach

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:254

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Less intensive treatment for heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) may be appropriate for patients in long-term care settings because of limited life expectancy, frailty, comorbidities, and emph...

    Authors: Emily B. Levitan, Melissa K. Van Dyke, Ligong Chen, Raegan W. Durant, Todd M. Brown, J. David Rhodes, Olusola Olubowale, Oluwole Muyiwa Adegbala, Meredith L. Kilgore, Justin Blackburn, Karen C. Albright and Monika M. Safford

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:249

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Elevated resting heart rate (RHR) has been reported to be associated with metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to explore whether a positive relationship exists between RHR and imp...

    Authors: Zhen Yang, Weiwei Zhang, Lingfei Zhu, Ning Lin, Yixin Niu, Xiaoyong Li, Shuai Lu, Hongmei Zhang, Xuanchun Wang, Jie Wen, Guang Ning, Li Qin and Qing Su

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:246

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Elimination of modifiable risk factors including unhealthy lifestyle has the potential for prevention of 80% of cardiovascular disease cases. The present study focuses on disclosing barriers for maintaining sp...

    Authors: Jesper Bo Nielsen, Anja Leppin, Dort e Gyrd-Hansen, Dorte Ejg Jarbøl, Jens Søndergaard and Pia Veldt Larsen

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2017 17:245

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