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Coronary artery disease

Section edited by Fabrizio D'ascenzo
This section concerns all aspects of coronary artery disease including but not limited to: prevention, diagnosis and management, as well as related molecular genetics, and pathophysiology.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Little is known on whether there are ethnic differences in outcomes following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) after acute myocardial infarction (AMI)...

    Authors: Danijela Gasevic, Nadia A Khan, Hong Qian, Shahzad Karim, Gerald Simkus, Hude Quan, Martha H Mackay, Blair J O’Neill and Amir F Ayyobi

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2013 13:121

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  2. Content type: Study protocol

    Ischemic preconditioning is a powerful mechanism of myocardial protection and in humans it can be evaluated by sequential exercise tests. Coronary Artery Disease in the presence of diabetes mellitus may be ass...

    Authors: Paulo Cury Rezende, Rosa Maria Rahmi Garcia, Augusto Hiroshi Uchida, Leandro Menezes Alves Costa, Thiago Luis Scudeler, Rodrigo Morel Vieira Melo, Fernando Teiichi Costa Oikawa, Cibele Larrosa Garzillo, Eduardo Gomes Lima, Carlos Alexandre Wainrober Segre, Desiderio Favarato, Priscyla Girardi, Myrthes Takiuti, Celia Cassaro Strunz, Whady Hueb, José Antonio Franchini Ramires…

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2013 13:117

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Data regarding the association between red cell distribution width (RDW) values and mortality in patients with stable coronary artery disease are scarce. We aimed to investigate the link between mortality and ...

    Authors: Tadeusz Osadnik, Joanna Strzelczyk, Michał Hawranek, Andrzej Lekston, Jarosław Wasilewski, Anna Kurek, Aleksander Rafał Gutowski, Krzysztof Wilczek, Krzysztof Dyrbuś, Marek Gierlotka, Andrzej Wiczkowski, Mariusz Gąsior, Andrzej Szafranek and Lech Poloński

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2013 13:113

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Cardiovascular-MR (CMR) is the gold standard for quantifying myocardial infarction using late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) technique. Both 2D- and 3D-LGE-sequences are used in clinical practise and in clinical...

    Authors: Robert Jablonowski, David Nordlund, Mikael Kanski, Joey Ubachs, Sasha Koul, Einar Heiberg, Henrik Engblom, David Erlinge, Håkan Arheden and Marcus Carlsson

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2013 13:110

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Coronary artery disease (CAD) is accountable for more than 7 million deaths each year according to the World Health Organization (WHO). In a European population 80% of patients diagnosed with CAD are overweigh...

    Authors: Lene Rørholm Pedersen, Rasmus Huan Olsen, Marianne Frederiksen, Arne Astrup, Elizaveta Chabanova, Philip Hasbak, Jens Juul Holst, Andreas Kjær, John W Newman, Rosemary Walzem, Ulrik Wisløff, Ahmad Sajadieh, Steen Bendix Haugaard and Eva Prescott

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2013 13:106

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The decreased number and senescence of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are considered markers of vascular senescence associated with aging, atherosclerosis, and coronary artery disease (CAD) in...

    Authors: Kranthi Vemparala, Ambuj Roy, Vinay Kumar Bahl, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Neera Nath, Subrata Sinha, Pradipta Nandi, Ravindra Mohan Pandey, Kolli Srinath Reddy, Ajay Manhapra and Ramakrishnan Lakshmy

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2013 13:104

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    Depression and anxiety are highly prevalent and co-morbid in acute coronary syndrome patients. Somatic and cognitive subtypes of depression and anxiety in acute coronary syndrome have been shown to be associat...

    Authors: John C Oldroyd, Sheila Cyril, Bhanuja S Wijayatilaka, Adrienne O’Neil, Dean P McKenzie, Silva Zavarsek, Kristy Sanderson, David L Hare, Aaron J Fisher, Andrew B Forbes, C Barr Taylor, David M Clarke, Ian T Meredith and Brian Oldenburg

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2013 13:103

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of the Occluded Artery Trial (OAT) Biomarker substudy was to evaluate the impact of infarct related artery (IRA) revascularization on serial levels of N-terminal prohormone of brain natriuretic peptid...

    Authors: Mariusz Kruk, Venu Menon, Jacek Kądziela, Zygmunt Sadowski, Witold Rużyłło, Jadwiga Janas, Marek Roik, Grzegorz Opolski, Krzysztof Zmudka, Piotr Czunko, Michal Kurowski, Benita Busz-Papież, Elzbieta Zinka, Wojciech Jablonski, Krystyna Jaworska, Anna Raczynska…

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2013 13:91

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Statins are effective for primary prevention of cardiovascular (CV) disease, the leading cause of death in the world. Multinational guidelines emphasize CV risk as an important factor for optimal statin prescr...

    Authors: Nishant K Sekaran, Jeremy B Sussman, Anna Xu and Rodney A Hayward

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2013 13:90

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Although diabetes mellitus is an important risk factor of coronary artery disease (CAD), routine screening for CAD is not recommended for asymptomatic diabetic patients. We assessed the impact of chest pain on...

    Authors: Bo Kyung Koo, Yun Gi Kim, Kyong Soo Park and Min Kyong Moon

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2013 13:87

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  11. Content type: Study protocol

    Mild to moderate cognitive impairment is common amongst long-term survivors of cardiac arrest. In the Target Temperature Management trial (TTM-trial) comatose survivors were randomized to 33°C or 36°C temperat...

    Authors: Gisela Lilja, Niklas Nielsen, Hans Friberg, Janneke Horn, Jesper Kjaergaard, Tommaso Pellis, Malin Rundgren, Jørn Wetterslev, Matt P Wise, Fredrik Nilsson and Tobias Cronberg

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2013 13:85

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  12. Content type: Study protocol

    Physical training has beneficial effects on exercise capacity, quality of life and mortality in patients after a cardiac event or intervention and is therefore a core component of cardiac rehabilitation. Howev...

    Authors: Jos J Kraal, Niels Peek, M Elske van den Akker-Van Marle and Hareld MC Kemps

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2013 13:82

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of deaths worldwide and the arterial reconstructive surgery remains the treatment of choice. Although large diameter vascular grafts have been widely used in clinica...

    Authors: Ruiming Liu, Yuansen Qin, Huijin Wang, Yong Zhao, Zuojun Hu and Shenming Wang

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2013 13:79

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Micro-albuminuria is a recognized predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with coronary artery disease. We have previously reported, in diabetic and non-diabetic patients, that an incre...

    Authors: Rafid Tofik, Ulf Ekelund, Ole Torffvit, Per Swärd, Bengt Rippe and Omran Bakoush

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2013 13:72

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important outcome for patients diagnosed with coronary heart disease. This report describes predictors of physical and mental HRQoL at six months post-hospitalisati...

    Authors: Anna L Hawkes, Tania A Patrao, Robert Ware, John J Atherton, Craig B Taylor and Brian F Oldenburg

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2013 13:69

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Currently, there is still a lack of an optimal treatment for no-reflow phenomenon (NR). The aim of this simple meta-analysis was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intracoronary (IC) administration of tiro...

    Authors: Tao Qin, Lu Xie and Meng-Hua Chen

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2013 13:68

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a major cause of death and disability worldwide. Depression has complex bidirectional adverse associations with CAD, although the mechanisms mediating these relationships remai...

    Authors: Robin R Bruchas, Lisa de las Fuentes, Robert M Carney, Joann L Reagan, Carlos Bernal-Mizrachi, Amy E Riek, Chi Charles Gu, Andrew Bierhals, Mario Schootman, Theodore K Malmstrom, Thomas E Burroughs, Phyllis K Stein, Douglas K Miller and Victor G Dávila-Román

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2013 13:66

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Clinical outcomes of new-generation drug-eluting stents (DES), Everolimus-eluting stent (EES) or Resolute zotarolimus-eluting stent (R-ZES), have been reported. However, angiographic follow-up data of new-gene...

    Authors: Joo Myung Lee, Tae-Jin Youn, Jin Joo Park, Il-Young Oh, Chang-Hwan Yoon, Jung-Won Suh, Young-Seok Cho, Goo-Yeong Cho, In-Ho Chae and Dong-Ju Choi

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2013 13:65

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Ectonucleotidase plays an important role in the regulation of cardiac function by controlling extracellular levels of adenine nucleotides and adenosine. To determine the influence of ischemia-reperfusion injur...

    Authors: Kaoru Takahashi-Sato, Masahiro Murakawa, Junko Kimura, Masa-aki Ito and Isao Matsuoka

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2013 13:53

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Management of cardiovascular risk factors includes commitment from patients to adhere to prescribed medications and adopt healthy lifestyles. Unfortunately many fail to take up and maintain the four key health...

    Authors: Jenni Murray, Grania Fenton, Stephanie Honey, Ana Claudia Bara, Kate Mary Hill and Allan House

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2013 13:48

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The combination of the new high sensitivity troponin T (hsTnT) assays and copeptin, a biomarker of endogenous stress, has been suggested to have the potential of early rule-out of acute coronary syndrome (ACS)...

    Authors: Johan Thelin, Catharina Borna, David Erlinge and Bertil Öhlin

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2013 13:42

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  22. Content type: Study protocol

    In recent decades, several studies have assessed the value of cardiac rehabilitation as secondary prevention and have reported substantial reductions in readmissions. However, conclusive evidence is scarce. Th...

    Authors: Núria Santaularia, Josefina Caminal, Anna Arnau, Montserrat Perramon, Jesus Montesinos, Jaume Trapé, Montserrat Abenoza-Guardiola, Pere Guiteras-Val and Tiny Jaarsma

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2013 13:32

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Treatment of coronary bifurcation lesions is a complex problem.

    Authors: Hubertus von Korn, Victor Stefan, Reyn van Ewijk, Kamalesh Chakraborty, Burkhard Sanwald, R Andel, Jan Hemker, Ulrich Hink, Marc Ohlow, Bernward Lauer and Thomas Muenzel

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2013 13:27

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Ischemic postconditioning (PostC), reperfusion in brief cycles, is known to induce short-term reduction in infarct size in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), especially among those with ...

    Authors: Peder Sörensson, Lars Rydén, Nawsad Saleh, Per Tornvall, Håkan Arheden and John Pernow

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2013 13:22

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Increased levels of cardio-enriched microRNAs (miRNAs) have been described in patients with myocardial infarction (MI). We wanted to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic potential of cardio-enriched miRNAs i...

    Authors: Olof Gidlöf, J Gustav Smith, Kazuma Miyazu, Patrik Gilje, Anna Spencer, Sten Blomquist and David Erlinge

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2013 13:12

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Atherosclerosis (AT) is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by the accumulation of inflammatory cells, lipoproteins and fibrous tissue in the walls of arteries. AT is the primary cause of heart attack...

    Authors: George S Karagiannis, Jochen Weile, Gary D Bader and Joe Minta

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2013 13:4

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Coronary artery calcifications (CAC) are markers of coronary atherosclerosis, but do not correlate well with stenosis severity. This study intended to evaluate clinical situations where a combined approach of ...

    Authors: Franz von Ziegler, Michaela Brendel, Christopher Uebleis, Susanne Helbig, Martin Greif, Janine Ruemmler, Christoph Becker, Marcus Hacker, Gerhard Steinbeck and Alexander Becker

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2012 12:116

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  28. Content type: Case report

    New-onset atrial fibrillation in patients hospitalized for an acute myocardial infarction often leads to hemodynamic deterioration and has serious adverse prognostic implications; mortality is particularly hig...

    Authors: Itsuro Morishima, Takahito Sone, Hideyuki Tsuboi and Hiroaki Mukawa

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2012 12:110

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  29. Content type: Case report

    Type VI dual left anterior descending artery (LAD) is a rare coronary anomaly, the first case of which has recently been described. This is the first report of type VI dual LAD anomaly in which the patient pre...

    Authors: Yonggu Lee, Young-Hyo Lim, Jinho Shin and Kyung-Soo Kim

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2012 12:101

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) capture technology improves endothelialization rates of sirolimus-eluting stents (SES), but the problem of delayed re-endothelialization, as well as endothelial ...

    Authors: Feng Yang, Shi-Chao Feng, Xiang-Jun Pang, Wei-Xiao Li, Yong-Hua Bi, Qian Zhao, Shi-Xuan Zhang, Yang Wang and Bo Feng

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2012 12:96

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  31. Content type: Research article

    We evaluated the effectiveness and safety of a zotarolimus-eluting (ZES) versus a sirolimus-eluting (SES) coronary stent in a large cohort of patients treated with one of these stents in Western Denmark.

    Authors: Michael Maeng, Lisette Okkels Jensen, Anne Kaltoft, Hans-Henrik Tilsted, Evald Høj Christiansen, Per Thayssen, Morten Madsen, Henrik Toft Sørensen, Jens Flensted Lassen and Leif Thuesen

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2012 12:84

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Care pathways have become a popular tool to enhance the quality of care by improving patient outcomes, promoting patient safety, increasing patient satisfaction, and optimizing the use of resources. We perform...

    Authors: Seval Kul, Antonella Barbieri, Erika Milan, Ilke Montag, Kris Vanhaecht and Massimiliano Panella

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2012 12:81

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The additional benefit of lifestyle interventions in patients receiving cardioprotective drug treatment to improve cardiovascular risk profile is not fully established.

    Authors: Wilhelmina IJzelenberg, Irene M Hellemans, Maurits W van Tulder, Martijn W Heymans, Jan A Rauwerda, Albert C van Rossum and Jaap C Seidell

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2012 12:71

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  34. Content type: Study protocol

    Although the release of cardiac biomarkers after percutaneous (PCI) or surgical revascularization (CABG) is common, its prognostic significance is not known. Questions remain about the mechanisms and degree of...

    Authors: Whady Hueb, Bernard J Gersh, Paulo Cury Rezende, Cibele Larrosa Garzillo, Eduardo Gomes Lima, Ricardo D'Oliveira Vieira, Rosa Maria Rahmi Garcia, Desiderio Favarato, Carlos Alexandre W Segre, Alexandre Costa Pereira, Paulo Rogério Soares, Expedito Ribeiro, Pedro Lemos, Marco A Perin, Célia Cassaro Strunz, Luis AO Dallan…

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2012 12:65

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Studies on the impact of time to treatment on myocardial infarct size have yielded conflicting results. In this study of ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary in...

    Authors: Tim Tödt, Eva Maret, Joakim Alfredsson, Magnus Janzon, Jan Engvall and Eva Swahn

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2012 12:9

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The mechanisms of benefit of mineralocorticoid receptors antagonists in congestive heart failure (CHF) are still debated. We hypothesized that aldosterone contributes to pulmonary remodelling and right ventric...

    Authors: Andreanne Chabot, Bao Hua Jiang, Yanfen Shi, Jean-Claude Tardif and Jocelyn Dupuis

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:72

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