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Table 2 Differences in the cardiovascular risk factors among adults with a history of CVD who adhere or did not adhere to the

From: Trends in adherence to recommended physical activity and its association with cardiovascular risk factors in US adults with cardiovascular disease: a cross-sectional study

Risk factors Adherence Non-adherence Beta coefficient 1# Beta coefficient 2*
Waist circumference, cm 104.5 (103.4–105.6) 108.2 (107.0–109.4)  3.6 (− 5.2 to − 2.0)  2.2 (− 3.4 to − 1.0)
BMI 30.0 (29.5–30.4) 31.3 (30.8–31.8)  1.3 (− 2.0 to − 0.6)  1.3 (− 2.0 to − 0.5)
Systolic BP, mmHg 127.4 (125.8–129.0) 131.7 (130.6–132.7)  4.2 (− 6.1 to − 2.4)  1.2 ( 3.2 to 0.8)
Diastolic BP, mmHg 68.5 (67.6–69.5) 66.6 (65.6–67.5) 2.0 (0.8 to 3.2) 0.2 ( 1.2 to 1.6)
Hemoglobin A1c, % 6.0 (6.0–6.1) 6.3 (6.2–6.4)  0.2 (− 0.4 to − 0.1)  0.2 (− 0.3 to − 0.1)
Total cholesterol, mg/dL 177.5 (174.2–180.7) 180.4 (178.0–182.8)  2.9 ( 7.0 to 1.1)  2.7 ( 7.3 to 1.9)
HDL-C, mg/dL 50.7 (49.5–52.0) 49.4 (48.5–50.4) 1.3 ( 0.2 to 2.8) 1.4 ( 0.2 to 3.0)
Triglycerides, mg/dL 1.4 (1.3–1.6) 1.7 (1.6–1.8)  0.3 (− 0.4 to − 0.1)  0.2 (− 0.4 to − 0.1)
  1. Data are presented as mean with 95% confidence interval in parenthesis. Bold fonts indicate statistically significant
  2. BMI, body mass index; BP, blood pressure, CVD, cardiovascular disease; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol
  3. #The regression model wasn’t adjusted for covariates. *The regression model was adjusted for age, gender, race/ethnicity, education, income, smoke, alcohol use, obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia