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Table 2 Multi-variable logistic regression analysis model of factors associated with undiagnosed hypertension among adults in Wolaita Sodo town, south Ethiopia, 2021

From: Burden of undiagnosed hypertension and associated factors among adult populations in Wolaita Sodo Town, Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Variable Category Undiagnosed HTN COR AOR
Yes No (95% CI) (95% CI)
Sex Male 145 (22.51%) 102 (77.47%) 1 1
Female 227 (35.24%) 170 (64.75%) 0.31 (0.16–0.63) 0.44 (0.18–1.07)
Age 18–30 115 (64.3%) 172 (47.9%) 1 1
31–43 182 (28.26%) 58 (9.1%) 1.89 (1.30–2.75) 1.50 (1.02–2.01)*
44–56 40 (6.3%) 29 (4.50%) 2.48 (1.11–5.56) 1.15 (0.39–3.33)
Unrecognized DM  > 57 29 (4.50%) 19 (2.95%) 2.26 (1.57–3.27) 1.31 (0.79–2.15)
No 80 (12.42%) 101 (15.68%) 1 1
Yes 263 (40.83%) 200 (31.05%) 2.26 (1.57–3.27) 1.31 (1.11–2.15)*
BMI Normal 117 (64.3%) 172 (47.9%) 1 1
Under weight 180 (28.26%) 58 (9.1%) 2.26 (0.91–5.66) 2.48 (0.89–6.97)
Overweight 40 (6.3%) 29 (4.50%) 2.99 (1.38–6.49) 2.83 (1.17–6.86)*
Obese 30 (4.50%) 18 (2.95%) 0.31 (0.16–0.63) 0.44 (0.18–1.07)
Alcohol drink No 145 (22.51%) 102 (77.47%) 1 1
Yes 227 (35.24%) 170 (64.75%) 3.12 (2.06–6.74) 2.91 (1.31–4.48)*
Cigarette smoking No 145 (22.51%) 102 (77.47%) 1 1
Yes 227 (35.24%) 170 (64.75%) 3.06 (1.57–5.95) 0.95 (0.39–2.27)
Khat chewing No 145 (22.51%) 102 (77.47%) 1 1
Yes 227 (35.24%) 170 (64.75%) 3.04 (1.94–4.78) 2.33 (0.80–4.51)
LDL Normal 80 (12.42%) 101 (15.68%) 1 1
High 263 (40.83%) 200 (31.05%) 3.16 (3.16–1.65) 2.21 (0.82–5.95)
Triglyceride Normal 169 (91.4%) 332 (82.8%) 1 1
High 16 (8.6%) 69 (17.2%) 2.20 (2.20–1.24) 3.48 (1.22–9.95)*
Waist to Hip Normal 149 (80.5%) 235 (58.6%) 1 1
Over weight 18 (9.7%) 114 (28.4%) 4.016 (2.34–6.87) 2.87 (0.14–7.18)
HDL Desirable ≥ 40 80 (12.42%) 101 (15.68%) 1 1
Low < 40 263 (40.83%) 200 (31.05%) 0.31 (0.16–0.63) 0.44 (0.18–1.07)
  1. Bold indicates significantly associated variables between independent and outcome variables
  2. Significant at *P ≤ 0.001, 1 = constant, CI = Confidence Interval, COR = Crude odds Ratio, AOR = Adjusted Odds Ratio, BMI = body mass index, HTN = hypertension, LDL = low density lipoprotein