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Table 1 Study selection criteria

From: Benefits of cardiac rehabilitation following acute coronary syndrome for patients with and without diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis


Adult patients participating in CR following ACS with and without type 1 or type 2 diabetes

ACS includes: Acute myocardial infarction (including ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)), Non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), Stable and unstable angina pectoris. And/or patients who have undergone following revascularisation procedures: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)


Cardiac rehabilitation interventions must include: Supervised or facilitated sessions and structured exercise based training. Sessions can be supervised by a health professional or a structured home programme facilitated in regular follow-up consultations

Interventions can include: (1) physical activity promotion, (2) patient education, (3) psychological- and psychosocial support, in addition to other related health behaviour change interventions


ACS patients undergoing cardiac rehabilitation following acute coronary syndrome with a co-diagnosis of diabetes is compared to ACS patients without a co-diagnosis of diabetes



Exercise capacity


1) Health-related Quality of Life (HRQoL)

2) Cardiovascular related: Mortality (all-cause or cardiac), Fatal or nonfatal myocardial infarction, Revascularisations (CABG or PCI), Hospital readmission

3) Diabetes related: Blood glucose level, Weight, Body mass index (BMI)

4) Lifestyle related: Smoking status, Physical activity

5) Psychological well-being (patient reported outcomes (PRO) measuring psychological constructs as anxiety, depression, distress)

6) Return to work


1. From start to end of intervention; 2. Long-term: ≥ 12 months post intervention

Study designs

Randomised controlled trials: Randomised controlled crossover trials, Randomised controlled pilot studies. Data reported in RCT studies was allowed for extraction for observational comparison

Observational studies: Prospective cohort studies, retrospective cohort studies

Publication year

Studies published in 2000 or later

Language restriction

English, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian