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Table 1 Study selection criteria

From: Benefits of cardiac rehabilitation following acute coronary syndrome for patients with and without diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Population Adult patients participating in CR following ACS with and without type 1 or type 2 diabetes
ACS includes: Acute myocardial infarction (including ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)), Non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), Stable and unstable angina pectoris. And/or patients who have undergone following revascularisation procedures: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)
Intervention Cardiac rehabilitation interventions must include: Supervised or facilitated sessions and structured exercise based training. Sessions can be supervised by a health professional or a structured home programme facilitated in regular follow-up consultations
Interventions can include: (1) physical activity promotion, (2) patient education, (3) psychological- and psychosocial support, in addition to other related health behaviour change interventions
Comparison ACS patients undergoing cardiac rehabilitation following acute coronary syndrome with a co-diagnosis of diabetes is compared to ACS patients without a co-diagnosis of diabetes
Outcomes Primary:
Exercise capacity
1) Health-related Quality of Life (HRQoL)
2) Cardiovascular related: Mortality (all-cause or cardiac), Fatal or nonfatal myocardial infarction, Revascularisations (CABG or PCI), Hospital readmission
3) Diabetes related: Blood glucose level, Weight, Body mass index (BMI)
4) Lifestyle related: Smoking status, Physical activity
5) Psychological well-being (patient reported outcomes (PRO) measuring psychological constructs as anxiety, depression, distress)
6) Return to work
Follow-up 1. From start to end of intervention; 2. Long-term: ≥ 12 months post intervention
Study designs Randomised controlled trials: Randomised controlled crossover trials, Randomised controlled pilot studies. Data reported in RCT studies was allowed for extraction for observational comparison
Observational studies: Prospective cohort studies, retrospective cohort studies
Publication year Studies published in 2000 or later
Language restriction English, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian