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Table 1 Personal characteristics and their associations with health literacy, self efficacy, and quality of life (n = 200)

From: A structural equation model linking health literacy, self efficacy and quality of life in adults with coronary heart disease

Personal characteristics Mean (SD) /n (%) Health literacy Mean (SD) Self efficacy Mean (SD) Quality of life Mean (SD)
Age 65.51 (10.37) 9.6 (3.5) 28.8 (13.9) 381.8 (130.1)
r value   0.379** − 0.121 − 0.187**
Gender
Male 111 (55.5%) 8.2 (3.1) 30.1 (14.5) 402.9 (122.9)
Female 89 (44.5%) 11.3 (3.2) 27.2 (12.9) 355.7 (134.7)
t value   − 6.9*** 1.4 2.6*
Marital status
Single(includes divorced, widowed, separated) 13 (6.5%) 10.7 (3.4) 31.1 (13.7) 382.0 (108.3)
Married 187 (93.5%) 9.5 (3.5) 28.7 (13.9) 381.8 (131.7)
t value   1.2 0.6 0.005
Education attainment
Less than junior high school 166 (83.0%) 10.3 (3.2) 27.6 (13.4) 367.0 (123.8)
Senior high school/college/equivalent 34 (17.0%) 6.2 (2.7) 34.6 (14.7) 454.2 (137.5)
t value   6.9*** − 2.7** − 3.7***
Income status (RMB/month)
Below 2000 65 (32.5%) 11.1 (3.0) 27.1 (12.3) 337.2 (116.7)
2000–3000 81 (40.5%) 9.5 (3.1) 28.3 (13.0) 381.8 (116.1)
Above 3000 54 (27.0%) 8.0 (3.9) 31.7 (16.4) 435.6 (146.2)
F value   12.23*** 1.8 9.1***
Employment status
Unemployed 81 (40.5%) 10.8 (3.3) 25.8 (12.5) 358.9 (122.0)
Retired 92 (46.0%) 9.6 (3.2) 29.6 (13.3) 373.4 (121.4)
Employed 27 (13.5%) 6.1 (2.7) 35.2 (17.0) 479.4 (142.8)
F value   22.9*** 5.2** 9.9***
Family history of CHD
Yes 62 (31.0%) 9.4 (3.8) 29.7 (15.1) 391.8 (141.9)
No 138 (69.0%) 9.7 (3.3) 28.4 (13.3) 377.4 (124.7)
t value   − 0.5 0.6 0.7
PCI treatment
Yes 99 (49.5%) 9.5 (3.5) 29.8 (12.8) 389.4 (119.7)
No 101 (50.5%) 9.7 (3.5) 27.9 (14.9) 374.5 (139.7)
t value   − 0.4 0.9 0.8
  1. *p < 0.05
  2. **p < 0.01
  3. ***p < 0.001