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Table 2 Association of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) levels with incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF)

From: Association of physical activity with the incidence of atrial fibrillation in persons > 65 years old: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study

  No MVPA Low MVPA Recommended MVPA High MVPA
AF events 268 112 156 167
Person-years 10,338 5980 8323 7933
IR (95% CI)* 26 (23, 29) 19 (15, 23) 19 (16, 22) 21 (18, 24)
HR (95% CI)
 Model 1 1 (ref.) 0.73 (0.59, 0.91) 0.73 (0.59, 0.89) 0.80 (0.65, 0.99)
 Model 2 1 (ref.) 0.77 (0.61, 0.96) 0.86 (0.69, 1.06) 0.97 (0.78, 1.21)
  1. Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study, 2011–2019
  2. Model 1: Cox proportional hazards model adjusted for age, sex, race/center and education
  3. Model 2: Cox proportional hazards model adjusted for Model 1 variables and alcohol drinking, cigarette smoking, diabetes, hypertension, prevalent coronary heart disease, prevalent heart failure, body mass index, and Short Physical Performance Battery score
  4. AF atrial fibrillation, CI confidence interval, HR hazard ratio, IR Incidence rate
  5. *Incidence rate per 1000 person-years