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Table 1 Baseline clinical characteristics

From: Clinical features and predictors of outcome in patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated by out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

  Overall (n = 2101) OHCA (n = 95) Non-OHCA (n = 2006) p value
Age, y 68.5 ± 12.1 63.2 ± 13.8 68.7 ± 12.0 < 0.0001
Male, n (%) 1588 (75.6) 83 (87.4) 1505 (75.0) 0.006
Hypertension, n (%) 1426 (68.0) 60 (64.5) 1366 (68.2) 0.46
Diabetes mellitus, n (%) 784 (37.4) 24 (25.5) 760 (37.9) 0.02
Dyslipidemia, n (%) 1245 (59.3) 45 (47.9) 1200 (59.9) 0.02
Current smoker, n (%) 853 (40.7) 43 (46.2) 810 (40.5) 0.27
Family history of CAD, n (%) 369 (18.0) 15 (17.2) 354 (18.0) 0.86
Multivessel CAD, n (%) 1012 (48.2) 45 (47.4) 967 (48.2) 0.87
LMT or LAD as IRA, n (%) 1044 (49.7) 72 (75.8) 972 (48.5) < 0.0001
Initial TIMI flow ≥ 2, n (%) 455 (21.7) 20 (21.1) 435 (21.7) 0.88
Cardiogenic shock on arrival, n (%) 129 (6.2) 47 (50.0) 82 (4.1) < 0.0001
IABP use, n (%) 467 (22.3) 60 (63.2) 407 (20.3) < 0.0001
PCPS use, n (%) 75 (3.6) 33 (34.7) 42 (2.1) < 0.0001
STEMI, n (%) 1836 (87.4) 74 (77.9) 1762 (87.8) 0.004
Prior PCI, n (%) 175 (8.4) 8 (8.7) 167 (8.3) 0.90
Prior stroke, n (%) 211 (10.1) 6 (6.5) 205 (10.2) 0.25
Body mass index, kg/m2 23.8 ± 3.8 24.8 ± 4.6 23.8 ± 3.8 0.02
Arterial fibrillation, n (%) 175 (8.3) 8 (8.4) 167 (8.3) 0.97
TC, mg/dL 186.6 ± 45.4 177.3 ± 51.9 187.1 ± 45.1 0.05
LDL-C, mg/dL 117.8 ± 37.5 110.1 ± 40.3 118.2 ± 37.3 0.05
HDL-C, mg/dL 47.2 ± 13.4 40.1 ± 12.1 47.5 ± 13.4 < 0.0001
Triglyceride, mg/dL 77 [49, 123] 110 [68, 171] 75 [49, 120] < 0.0001
Glucose, mg/dL 180.1 ± 84.0 259.1 ± 118.2 176.4 ± 80.2 < 0.0001
HbA1c, % 6.3 ± 1.3 6.2 ± 1.1 6.3 ± 1.4 0.32
BNP, ng/dL 93 [28, 267] 46 [15, 116] 96 [29, 272] 0.0001
White blood cells, /mL 10,500 [8400, 13,300] 13,800 [10200, 17,800] 10,400 [8400, 13,100] < 0.0001
Hemoglobin, g/dL 13.3 ± 2.1 13.5 ± 2.3 13.3 ± 2.1 0.30
eGFR, mL/min/1.73 m2 66.4 ± 20.0 58.1 ± 16.7 66.8 ± 20.1 < 0.0001
Renal deficiency, n (%) 741 (36.2) 53 (56.4) 688 (35.2) < 0.0001
Hemodialysis, n (%) 52 (2.5) 1 (1.1) 51 (2.5) 0.37
  1. BNP brain natriuretic peptide, CAD coronary artery disease, eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, IABP intra-aortic balloon pumping, IRA infarct related artery, LAD left anterior descending, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LMT left main trunk, OHCA out of hospital cardiac arrest, PCI percutaneous coronary intervention, PCPS percutaneous cardio pulmonary support, STEMI ST-elevation myocardial infarction, TC total cholesterol, TIMI thrombolysis in myocardial infarction