Skip to main content

Table 3 Differences between CHD diagnoses

From: Health-related quality of life in Italian children and adolescents with congenital heart diseases

  oCHD Ao RV-PA conduit TGA ToF UVH P(Kruskal–Wallis) Significant comparisons
  Median
(IQR)
Median
(IQR)
Median
(IQR)
Median
(IQR)
Median
(IQR)
Median
(IQR)
  
Patient report         
Peds cardio (n = 112) (n = 101) (n = 50) (n = 60) (n = 64) (n = 61)   
1.Cardiac symptoms 78
(25)
82
(13)
78
(34)
78
(17)
78
(18)
75
(22)
.033 UVH < oCHD
2.Adherence to treatment 90
(14)
95
(10)
100
(8)
97.5
(10)
100
(14.5)
95
(5)
.060  
3.Perceived physical appearance 100
(13)
100
(8)
92
(17)
92
(33)
96
(25)
83
(42)
.001 UVH < oCHD
UVH < Ao
4.Anxiety towards treatment 87
(44)
87
(50)
87
(19)
87
(23.5)
87
(40.5)
87
(31)
.925  
5.Cognitive status 80
(10)
75
(20)
77.5
(33)
80
23.7)
75
(30)
75
(30)
.461  
6.Communicative skills 83
(33)
83
(46)
83
(55)
83
(31)
83
(33)
83
(42)
.849  
7.Cardio T OTAL 81.5
(15)
82
(16)
79
(25)
78.5
(11.75)
81.5
(15)
80
(17)
.739  
Peds generic (n = 112) (n = 101) (n = 50) (n = 60) (n = 63) (n = 61)   
1.Physical functioning 84
(33)
81
(19)
75
(37)
81
(20.25)
81
(21)
75
(25)
.009 RV-PA < oCHD
UVH < oCHD
2.Emotional functioning 80
(25)
75
(35)
70
(20)
77.5
(30)
70
(28.75)
75
(40)
.529  
3.Social functioning 90
(18)
90
(18)
90
(18)
85
(28.75)
90
(30)
85
(30)
.501  
4.School functioning 80
(10)
85
(33)
80
(13)
80
(25)
80
(35)
80
825)
.753  
5.Generic total 83.5
(20)
79
(23)
77
(19)
79.5
(13)
81
(23)
77
(24)
.088  
Mother report         
Peds cardio (n = 114) (n = 101) (n = 43) (n = 49) (n = 64) (n = 52)   
1.Cardiac symptoms 82
(38)
82
(20)
82
(32)
82
(18)
80.5
(21)
71
(21)
.001 UVH < oCHD
UVH < Ao
UVH < RV-PA
UVH < TGA
2.Adherence to treatment 95
(18)
95
(13)
90
(15)
92.5
(18.75)
97.5
(7.25)
95
(10)
.914  
3.Perceived physical appearance 85
(29)
87
(30)
92
(59)
83
(37.5)
83
(33)
72.5
(33)
.003 UVH < oCHD
UVH < Ao
4.Anxiety towards treatment 75
(72)
69
(69)
75
(54)
69
(44)
69
(43)
53
(69)
.815  
5.Cognitive status 60
(45)
65
(20)
70
(48)
55
(33.5)
60
(37.25)
67.5
(35)
.592  
6.Communicative skills 75
(34)
83
(33)
83
(67)
75
(34)
83
(33)
79
(67)
.405  
7.Cardio total 73
(27)
73
(21)
77
(30)
74
(18.5)
73
(19.5)
71
(22)
.850  
Peds generic (n = 114) (n = 101) (n = 43) (n = 49) (n = 64) (n = 53)   
1.Physical functioning 91
(33)
91
(22)
87
(43)
91
(22)
84
(24.25)
78
(41)
.016 UVH < Ao
UVH < TGA
UVH < oCHD
2.Emotional functioning 80
(45)
75
(25)
80
(50)
70
(25)
70
(28.75)
70
(30)
.360  
3.Social functioning 95
(33)
90
(23)
90
(23)
95
(22.5)
90
(30)
80
(40)
.122  
4.School functioning 90
(30)
80
(28)
85
(48)
75
(25)
75
(35)
75
(35)
.519  
5.Generic total 86
(36)
84
(24)
81
(33)
81
(18.5)
79.5
(26.5)
71
(32)
.091  
Father report         
Peds cardio (n = 76) (n = 65) (n = 41) (n = 46) (n = 50) (n = 43)   
1.Cardiac symptoms 86
(20)
86
(20)
82
(41)
86
(15.7)
82
(18)
75
(22)
.010 UVH < oCHD
2.Adherence to treatment 95
(18)
95
(14)
90
(13)
10
(20)
100
(0)
10
(10)
.426  
3.Perceived physical appearance 100
(21)
100
(38)
83
(38)
92
(25)
83
(25)
75
(33)
.000 UVH < oCHD
UVH < Ao
4.Anxiety towards treatment 75
(72)
75
(47)
75
(63)
75
(50)
75
(50)
56
(56)
.246  
5.Cognitive status 70
(35)
70
(20)
70
(28)
70
(35)
65
(32.5)
70
(40)
.654  
6.Communicative skills 92
(25)
87.5
(33)
83
(79)
79
(42)
92
(27)
83
(50)
.815  
7.Cardio total 78.5
(21)
76
(20)
76
(25)
77.5
(15.7)
77
(16)
76
(14)
.606  
Peds generic (n = 77) (n = 64) (n = 41) (n = 46) (n = 50) (n = 44)   
1.Physical functioning 94
(22)
94
(19)
91
(60)
92.5
(22)
87
(25.75)
82.5
(25)
.009 UVH < Ao
2.Emotional functioning 80
(40)
85
(35)
80
(35)
75
(25)
77.5
(12.5)
72.5
(35)
.172  
3.Social functioning 100
(28)
90
(20)
90
(28)
97.5
(20)
90
(20)
85
(45)
.060  
4.School functioning 85
(20)
85
(28)
80
(33)
80
(31.25)
80
(35)
85
(35)
.616  
5.Generic total 88
(24)
88
(23)
86
(36)
88
(17.25)
82
(24)
79.5
(30)
.063  
  1. Bold are reported comparisons statistically significant
  2. Ao Aortopathies; IQR Interquartile Range; n no. of patients; oCHD Other Congenital Heart disease; RV-PA conduit Right ventricular-pulmonary artery conduit; TGA Transposition to the Great Artery; ToF Tetralogy of Fallot; UVH Univentricular heart