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Table 2 Differences between ages

From: Health-related quality of life in Italian children and adolescents with congenital heart diseases

  2–4y 5–7y 8–12y 13–18y P (Kruskal–Wallis) Significant comparisons
  Median
(IQR)
Median
(IQR)
Median
(IQR)
Median
(IQR)
  
Patient report       
Peds cardio   (n = 78) (n = 178) (n = 195)   
1.Cardiac symptoms /NA 78.00
(27)
80.00
(21)
78.00
(18)
.070  
2.Adherence to treatment /NA 100.00
(16)
90.00
(10)
95.00
(5)
.100  
3.Perceived physical appearance /NA 100.00
(33)
100.00
(27)
83.00
(25)
.000 13–18 < 5–7
13–18 < 8–12
4.Anxiety towards treatment /NA 87.00
(50)
87.00
(40)
87.00
(19)
.158  
5.Cognitive status /NA 83.00
(39)
77.50
(30)
80.00
(20)
.024 8–12 < 5–7
6.Communicative skills /NA 67.00
(50)
83.00
(33)
83.00
(25)
.000 5–7 < 8–12
5–7 < 13–18
7. Cardio total /NA 77.00
(23)
82.00
(16)
81.00
(14)
.020 5–7 < 13–18
Peds generic   (n = 78) (n = 177) (n = 195)   
1.Physical functioning /NA 75.00
(25)
79.50
(22)
84.00
(19)
.000 5–7 < 8–12
5–7 < 13–18
2.Emotional functioning /NA 70.00
(20)
75.00
(28)
75.00
(25)
.063  
3.Social functioning /NA 70.00
(30)
87.50
(28)
95.00
(15)
.000 5–7 < 8–12
5–7 < 13–18
8–12 < 13–18
4.School functioning /NA 80.00
(30)
85.00
(25)
80.00
(25)
.013 5–7 < 8–12
5.Generic total /NA 74.00
(13)
81.00
(19)
83.00
(15)
.000 5–7 < 8–12
5–7 < 13–18
Mother report       
Peds cardio (n = 44) (n = 69) (n = 161) (n = 154)   
1.Cardiac symptoms 86.00
(24)
78.00
(34)
79.00
(33)
78.00
(18)
.218  
2.Adherence to treatment 100.00
(29)
100.00
(8)
95.00
(15)
90.00
(15)
.008 13–18 < 2–4
3.Perceived physical appearance 100.00
(17)
83.00
(59)
75.00
(42)
83.00
(33)
.000 2–4 > 5–7
2–4 > 8–12
2–4 > 13–18
4.Anxiety towards treatment 75.00
(94)
56.00
(75)
69.00
(75)
69.00
(55)
.903  
5.Cognitive status 42.00
(42)
55.00
(48)
65.00
(25)
75.00
(35)
.000 2–4 < 5–7
2–4 < 8–12
2–4 < 13–18
5–7 < 13–18
8–12 < 13–18
6.Communicative skills 83.00
(25)
67.00
(34)
83.00
(33)
75.00
(58)
.000 5–7 < 2–4
5–7 < 8–12
5–7 < 13–18
7.Cardio total 71.50
(32)
68.00
(23)
75.00
(21)
77.00
(26)
.036 5–7 < 13–18
Peds generic (n = 45) (n = 69) (n = 161) (n = 154)   
1.Physical functioning 91.00
(24)
91.00
(37)
91.00
(28)
85.50
(20)
.330  
2.Emotional functioning 75.00
(29)
75.00
(30)
75.00
(30)
75.00
(25)
.682  
3.Social functioning 95.00
(19)
90.00
(25)
90.00
(25)
92.50
(25)
.266  
4.School functioning 83.00
(40)
75.00
(20)
80.00
(30)
80.00
(30)
.130  
5.Generic total 86.00
(12)
81.00
(23)
83.00
(25)
81.00
(19)
.387  
Father report       
Peds cardio (n = 30) (n = 57) (n = 117) (n = 118)   
1.Cardiac symptoms 86.00
(20)
82.00
(27)
82.00
(25)
86.00
(18)
.537  
2.Adherence to treatment 100.00
(29)
100.00
(0)
100.00
(10)
92.50
(20)
.001 13–18 < 5–7
3.Perceived physical appearance 100.00
(17)
100.00
(17)
83.00
(34)
83.00
(33)
.000 8–12 < 5–7
8–12 < 2–4
13–18 < 2–4
4.Anxiety towards treatment 90.50
(97)
75.00
(75)
62.00
(75)
72.00
(50)
.259  
5.Cognitive status 33.00
(59)
60.00
(43)
70.00
(30)
80.00
(40)
.000 2–4 < 8–12
2–4 < 13–18
5–7 < 13–18
8–12 < 13–18
6.Communicative skills 92.00
(17)
67.00
(50)
92.00
(42)
83.00
(50)
.005 5–7 < 8–12
7.Cardio total 77.50
(18)
75.00
(20)
77.00
(19)
80.00
(21)
.110  
Peds generic (n = 31) (n = 56) (n = 117) (n = 119)   
1.Physical functioning 91.00
(18)
91.00
(24)
94.00
(122)
91.00
(16)
.456  
2.Emotional functioning 80.00
(24)
75.00
(25)
80.00
(30)
80.00
(28)
.288  
3.Social functioning 100.00
(10)
90.00
(20)
90.00
(25)
90.00
(20)
.231  
4.School functioning 79.00
(40)
85.00
(23)
80.00
(25)
85.00
(35)
.814  
5.Generic total 86.00
(15)
87.50
(18)
85.00
(24)
86.00
(17)
.432  
  1. Bold are reported comparisons statistically significant
  2. IQR Interquartile Range; n no. of patients