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Table 2 Characteristics of the study population and association of health metrics with rural and urban lifestyle in univariate data analysis

From: Prevalence and differences of ideal cardiovascular health in urban and rural adolescents in the Region of Tyrol: results from the EVA Tyrol study

Parameter Total population n = 2031 Rural area n = 1239 (61.0) Urban area n = 792 (39.0) p-value*
Age (years) 16.5 ± 1.2 16.4 ± 1.2 16.5 ± 1.2 0.121a
Sex, female (%) 1141 (56.2) 771 (62.2) 370 (46.7) < 0.01b
FAS-score, high (%) 1317 (66.1) 815 (66.9) 502 (63.4) 0.377b
Non-smokers (%) 1396 (70.8) 856 (70.6) 540 (71.1) 0.999b
Healthy diet Score 2.0 ± 1.1 2.0 ± 1.1 2.0 ± 1.1 0.429a
Physical activity (min) 45.0 (30–60) 40.0 (25–60) 50.0 (30–80) < 0.01c
BMI (kg/m2) 21.9 ± 3.5 21.8 ± 3.4 22.1 ± 3.7 0.024a
Systolic BP (mmHg) 122.7 (114.7–130.0) 121.3 (114.0–129.3) 123.7 (116.0–131.3) < 0.01c
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 71.1 ± 7.6 71.0 ± 7.6 71.4 ± 7.7 0.096a
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 157.0 (138.0–176.0) 158.0 (139.5–178.0) 156.0 (136.0–174.0) < 0.01c
Fasting blood glucose (mg/dl) 76.6 ± 9.6 76.2 ± 9.4 77.3 ± 9.9 0.022a
  1. Values are displayed as n (%), mean ± SD or median (IQR)
  2. FAS-Score Family Affluence Score, BMI Body Mass Index, BP blood pressure
  3. *p values are derived from aStudent´s t-test, bPearson-χ2-test and cMann–Whitney-U-Test