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Table 3 Oral and periodontal findings

From: Comparison of periodontal parameters between patients with ischemic and dilative cardiomyopathy

Parameter ICM DCM p value
Edentolous 8% [9/113] 8% [9/113] 0.99
Remaining teeth (mv ± sd) 19.00 ± 8.90 [22.0, 14.0–25.0] 17.29 ± 9.11 [20.0, 10.0–25.0] 0.17
Remaining molars/premolars (mv ± sd) 9.62 ± 5.26 [11.0, 5.0–14.0] 8.50 ± 15.54 [9.0, 3.0–14.0] 0.15
Remaining front teeth (mv ± sd) 9.42 ± 4.08 [12.0, 8.0–12.0] 8.70 ± 4.06 [11.0, 6.0–12.0] 0.06
Number of teeth CAL ≥ 5 mm (mv ± sd) 4.84 ± 5.26 [3.0, 0–8.0] 5.17 ± 5.37 [4.0, 1.0–8.0] 0.49
Number of teeth PPD ≥ 5 mm (mv ± sd) 6.43 ± 6.42 [4.0, 1.0–10.0] 5.77 ± 5.71 [4.0, 1.0–9.0] 0.49
PPD mean in mm (mv ± sd) 2.96 ± 0.66 [2.9, 2.5–3.4] 2.98 ± 0.66 [2.8, 2.6–3.3] 0.90
CAL mean in mm (mv ± sd) 2.77 ± 1.05 [2.4, 2.0–3.4] 3.15 ± 1.35 [2.8, 2.1–3.7] 0.06
BOP % 18.38 ± 15.81 [17.0, 7.0–26.0] 22.16 ± 21.89 [14.0, 7.0–30.5] 0.78
Periodont-itis grade % [n]    
 B 82.7% [86/104] 91.3% [95/104] 0.10
 C 17.3% [18/104] 8.7% [9/104]
PISA in mm2 (mv ± sd) 267.85 ± 306.05 [180.5, 74.8–402.9] 253.30 ± 276.43 [161.8, 57.7, 307.6] 0.53
Gingival overgrowth % [n] 7.1% [8/113] 2.7% [3/113] 0.22
PBI in % (mv ± sd) 11.68 ± 14.31 [8.0, 0–19.0] 12.35 ± 13.95 [8.0, 0–20.0] 0.74
Periodontitis stage % [n]    
 I 1% [1] 0% [0] 0.23
 II 15.4% [16] 15.4% [16]
 III 36.5% [38] 27.9% [29]
 IV 47.1% [49] 56.7% [59]
  1. Values are given either as mv ± sd [median, IQR] or as % [n]
  2. ICM, ischemic cardiomyopathy; DCM, dilatative cardiomyopathy; CAL, clinical attachment loss; PPD, periodontal probing depth; BOP, bleeding on probing; PBI, papilla bleeding index; mv, mean value; sd, standard deviation; IQR, inter quartile range