Skip to main content

Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Comparison of periodontal parameters between patients with ischemic and dilative cardiomyopathy

  ICM (n = 113) DCM (n = 113) p value
Gender (female in % [n]) 7.1% [8] 7.1% [8] 0.99
Age in years (mv ± sd) 59.55 ± 7.61 [60.0, 55.0–65.0] 59.54 ± 9.00 [61.0, 54.0–66.0] 0.86
Smoking habits % [n]    
 Smoker 15.9% [18] 15.9% [18] 0.99
 Non-smoker 61.1% [69] 61.1% [69]
 Former smoker 23% [26] 23% [26]
Co-morbidities % [n]    
 Hypertension 73.5% [83] 69.9% [79] 0.66
 Diabetes mellitus 47.8% [54] 41.6% [47] 0.42
 Renal insufficiency 61.9% [70] 62.8% [71] 0.99
 Osteoporosis 1.8% [2] 3.5% [4] 0.68
Ejection fraction 34.61 ± 16.80 [30.0, 23.0–53.0] 32.84 ± 16.47 [26.9, 20.0–48.0] 0.17
Disease/Therapy situation    
 HTx 29.2% [33] 23.9% [27] 0.50
 LVAD 46.0% [52] 45.1% [51]
 HF 24.8% [28] 31% [35]
Medication    
 ACE-blocker 84.7% [94/111] 78.6% [88/112] 0.30
 Calcium channel clocker 18.6% [21/111] 14.3% [16/112] 0.37
 Anticoagulants 64% [71/111] 68.8% [77/112] 0.48
 Antiplatelet medication 82.9% [92/111] 75.9% [85/112] 0.25
 Immunosuppressive 31.5% [35/111] 26.8% [30/112] 0.46
 Insulin 23.4% [26/111] 17% [19/112] 0.25
 Oral antidiabetic drugs 19.8% [22/111] 17.9% [20/112] 0.74
 Bisphosphonates 11.7% [13/111] 14.3% [16/112] 0.69
Laboratory values    
 CRP (mg/dl) 9.43 ± 18.94 [3.7, 1.7–7.8] 13.40 ± 24.64 [3.8, 1.6–16.0] 0.81
 Creatinine (µmol/l) 64.40 ± 112.41 [20.9, 1.2–96.6] 51.81 ± 120.31 [20.4, 1.1–77.0] 0.21
 Haemoglobin (mmol/l) 8.44 ± 1.69 [8.6, 7.8–9.1] 7.84 ± 1.97 [8.0, 6.8–9.1] 0.13
 Erythrocytes (106/µl) 4.51 ± 0.66 [4.5, 4.1–5.0] 4.41 ± 0.82 [4.5, 3.8–5.0] 0.61
 Leukocytes (103/µl) 7.57 ± 2.03 [7.9, 6.3–8.3] 7.12 ± 2.73 [6.6, 5.2–8.3] 0.13
 Platelet count (103/µl) 219.19 ± 79.20 [199.5, 169.0–268.0] 231.82 ± 66.92 [225.5, 186.0–280.0] 0.21
  1. Values are given either as mv ± sd [median, IQR] or as % [n]
  2. ICM, ischemic cardiomyopathy; DCM, dilatative cardiomyopathy; HTX, heart transplantation; LVAD, left ventricular assist device; HF, heart failure; CRP, c-reactive protein; mv, mean value; sd, standard deviation; IQR, inter quartile range