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Table 3 Bivariable and multivariable analysis of factors associated with ECG abnormalities among apparently healthy adult type 2 diabetes on follow-up at JMC May 2019

From: Assessment of electrocardiogram abnormality and associated factors among apparently healthy adult type 2 diabetic patients on follow-up at Jimma Medical Center, Southwest Ethiopia: Cross-sectional study

Variable Category ECG abnormality COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
No (%) Yes (%)
Age group (yrs.) < 40 23 (6.7) 23 (6.7) 1 1
40–50 31 (9.0) 39 (11.3) 1.26 [.60–2.65] 1.03 [.45–2.38]
51–60 40 (11.6) 71 (20.6) 1.78 [.89–3.56] 1.42 [.64–3.15]
61–70 35 (10.2) 56 (16.3) 1.60 [.78–3.27] 1.14 [.50–2.61]
> 70 6 (1.7) 20 (5.8) 3.33 [1.13–9.82]* 1.90 [.58–6.21]
Educational status No formal education 14 (4.1) 49 (14.2) 3.81 [1.79–8.10]* 3.07 [1.37–6.87]*
Primary education 51 (14.5) 85 (24.7) 1.81 [1.02–3.24]* 1.79 [.96–3.31]
Secondary education 33 (9.6) 41 (11.9) 1.35 [.70–2.60] 1.65 [.82–3.35]
Tertiary education 37 (10.8) 34 (9.9) 1 1
Occupation Farmer 34 (9.9) 75 (21.8) 1 1
Daily labor 5 (1.5) 7 (2.0) .64 [.19–2.14] .77 [.18–3.23]
Merchant 36 (10.5) 47 (13.7) .59 [.33–1.07] 1.14 [.46–2.81]
Government employ 39 (11.3) 45 (13.1) .52 [.29-.94]* . 1.54 [.57–4.19]
NGO/private 14 (4.1) 17 (4.9) .55 [.24–1.24] 1.72 [.61–4.85]
Other 7 (2.0) 18 (5.2) 1.17 [.45–3.05] 1.42 [.42–4.74]
Place of residency Urban 90 (26.2) 109 (31.7) .55 [.35-.85]* .83 [.49–1.44]
Rural 45 (13.1) 100 (29.1) 1 1
Solid oil use Yes 77 (22.4) 158 (45.9) 2.33 [1.47–3.71]** 1.79 [1.07–2.98]*
No 58 (16.9) 51 (14.8) 1 1
Duration of DM < 2 years 20 (5.8) 22 (6.4) 1 1
2–5 years 41 (11.9) 68 (19.8) 1.51 [.74–3.09] 1.79 [.83–3.88]
5–10 years 52 (15.1) 50 (14.5) .87 [.43–1.80] 1.02 [.47–2.21]
> 10 years 22 (6.4) 69 (20.1) 2.85 [1.32–6.17]* 3.36 [1.46–7.71]*
Fasting BGL Normal fasting BGL 91 (26.5) 120 (34.9) 1 1
Abnormal fasting BGL 44 (12.8) 89 (25.9) 1.53 [.98–2.41] 1.43 [.86–2.37]
Average SBP Normal BP 36 (10.5) 70 (20.3) 1 1
Abnormal BP 99 (28.8) 139 (40.4) .72 [.45–1.16] .59 [.35–1.01]
WC category Normal 53 (15.4) 73 (21.2) 1 1
Risk 82 (23.8) 136 (39.5) 1.20 [.77–1.88] 1.19 [.70–2.03]
BMI category Normal weight 90 (26.2) 94 (27.3) 1 1
Abnormal weight 45 (13.1) 115 (33.4) 2.43 [1.55–3.82]** 2.74 [1.67–4.50]**
  1. The bold is used to help the reader to easily get the variables that are significantly associated with ECG abnormality either in binary or multiple logistic regression
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.001