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Table 4 Clinical and echocardiographic parameters of pregnant women with metabolic diseases comparing with and without adverse outcome (N = 177)

From: Reduced mechanical function of the left atrial predicts adverse outcome in pregnant women with clustering of metabolic risk factors

Variables Women with adverse outcome (n = 42) Women without adverse outcome (n = 135) P value
Age, years 32.02 ± 3.76 31.91 ± 3.99 0.871
BSA, m2 1.81 ± 0.15 1.81 ± 0.13 1.000
Pre-BMI, Kg/m2 25.43 ± 4.19 23.38 ± 3.49 0.002
TG, mmol/L 4.21 ± 1.41 3.83 ± 1.72 0.185
HDL-C, mmol/L 1.57 ± 0.41 1.85 ± 0.46  < 0.001
SBP, mmHg 152.09 ± 13.71 138.00 ± 18.28  < 0.001
DBP, mmHg 96.26 ± 10.24 84.59 ± 11.53  < 0.001
FPG, mmol/L 4.61 ± 0.83 4.87 ± 0.84 0.079
LV EF, % 62.46 ± 3.38 63.50 ± 4.16 0.143
LV E/e’ 9.46 ± 2.19 8.41 ± 2.70 0.012
LV GLS (%) 20.36 ± 2.14 21.31 ± 2.31 0.019
LAVi, ml/m2 24.87 ± 6.82 22.36 ± 4.94 0.032
LA EF, % 37.69 ± 9.79 40.15 ± 9.35 0.145
LASr (%) 36.05 ± 4.77 41.84 ± 5.97  < 0.001
  1. Values are the mean ± standard deviation
  2. BSA, Body Surface Area; pre-BMI, pre-pregnancy body mass index; TG, triglyceride; HDL-C, high-density lipoproteins-cholesterol; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, systolic blood pressure;FPG, fasting plasma glucose; LV EF, left ventricular ejection fraction; LV E/e’, ratio of early diastolic mitral flow velocity to early diastolic peak velocity of lateral mitral annulus; LV GLS, left ventricular global longitudinal strain; LAVi, left atrial volume index; LA EF, left atrial ejection fraction; LASr, left atrial strain during reservoir phase;