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Table 2 Conventional echocardiographic parameters for participants

From: Reduced mechanical function of the left atrial predicts adverse outcome in pregnant women with clustering of metabolic risk factors

Variables Control
(n = 50)
GDM
(n = 57)
PIH
(n = 57)
CMR
(n = 63)
P value
LVEDV, mL 85.11 ± 15.74 91.34 ± 15.84 89.04 ± 17.39 93.97 ± 16.02 0.034
LVESV, mL 30.09 ± 7.02 32.87 ± 7.13 32.46 ± 6.9 35.47 ± 7.48 0.001
SV, mL 55.02 ± 10.25 58.47 ± 10.39 56.57 ± 12.06 58.5 ± 10.13 0.266
LV EF, % (biplane Simpson) 64.77 ± 4.38 64.04 ± 4.12 63.42 ± 3.92 62.45 ± 3.87 0.021
IVSd, cm 9.17 ± 0.75 9.03 ± 0.68 10.18 ± 1.23 10.1 ± 1.25†,‡  < 0.001
PWd, cm 8.96 ± 0.6 9.05 ± 0.65 9.91 ± 1.23 9.92 ± 0.99†,§  < 0.001
Mitral E/A ratio 1.28 ± 0.33 1.27 ± 0.40 1.09 ± 0.27 1.03 ± 0.27†,§  < 0.001
LV E/e’ 6.83 ± 1.64 8.19 ± 2.34 8.58 ± 2.74 9.07 ± 2.76  < 0.001
LV GLS (%) 23.59 ± 2.26 22.09 ± 2.25 20.89 ± 2.14 20.33 ± 2.19†,§  < 0.001
LAVi, ml/m2 20.99 ± 4.61 22.08 ± 4.95 23.02 ± 5.26 23.69 ± 6.18 0.048
LA EF, % (biplane Simpson) 73.77 ± 5.52 71.59 ± 5.84 70.98 ± 7.23 65.96 ± 6.59 0.008
  1. Values are the mean ± standard deviation, median (interquartile range)
  2. LVEDV, left ventricular end-diastolic volume; LVESV, left ventricular end-systolic volume; SV, Stroke volume; LV EF, left ventricular ejection fraction; IVSd, interventricular septum thickness; PWd, posterior wall thickness; LV E/e’, ratio of early diastolic mitral flow velocity to early diastolic peak velocity of lateral mitral annulus; LV GLS, left ventricular global longitudinal strain; LAVi, left atrial volume index; LA EF, left atrial ejection fraction. P < 0.05, CMR group vs Control group. §P < 0.05, CMR group vs GDM group. P < 0.05, CMR group vs PIH group