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Table 3 Characteristics of the study participants at baseline and follow-up (n = 235)

From: Risk factors for electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy in a young Chinese general population: the Hanzhong adolescent cohort study

Variable Baseline in 2013 Follow-up in 2017 P values
Female, no. (%) 104 (44.2) 104 (44.2)
Age, years 39 (36, 41) 43 (40, 45)  < 0.001
Current smoking, no. (%) 110 (41.5) 105 (44.6) 0.489
Alcohol use, no. (%) 23 (9.1) 65 (27.8)  < 0.001
BMI, Kg/m2 23.83 (21.6326.33) 23.73 (22.1925.92) 0.826
WHR 0.90 (0.850.95) 0.93 (0.870.97)  < 0.001
Hypertension, no. (%) 79 (29.7) 53 (22.6) 0.792
Diabetes mellitus, no. (%) 6 (2.3) 15 (6.2) 0.023
SBP, mmHg 120.7 (111.3132.0) 121.0 (112.8131.7) 0.403
DBP, mmHg 80.0 (72.789.0) 76.3 (69.384.8) 0.001
Heart rate, beats/min 70.0 (66.080.0) 74.0 (67.081.0) 0.022
SUA, μmol/L 300.9 (246.0369.7) 267.9 (209.7335.8)  < 0.001
Serum creatinine, umol/L 74.21 ± 14.02 80.82 ± 17.69  < 0.001
eGFR, mL/min/1.73m2 94.90 ± 21.13 94.12 ± 26.23 0.694
Fasting glucose, mmol/L 4.58 (4.264.92) 5.00 (4.695.41)  < 0.001
Total cholesterol, mmol/L 4.27 (3.834.72) 4.51 (4.074.99)  < 0.001
Triglycerides, mmol/L 1.42 (1.002.07) 1.37 (0.981.96) 0.405
LDL-C, mmol/L 2.33 (2.002.70) 2.51 (2.142.89) 0.001
HDL-C, mmol/L 1.66 (1.431.87) 1.14 (1.011.32)  < 0.001
UACR, mg/g 6.07 (4.0810.72) 8.80 (5.7715.17)  < 0.001
CIMT, mm 0.50 (0.400.60) 0.64 (0.550.74)  < 0.001
LVH, no. (%) 26 (11.0)
  1. BMI body mass index, WHR waist hip rate, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, SUA serum uric acid, eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein, uACR Urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio, CIMT carotid intima-media thickness