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Table 1 Characteristics of participants categorized by LVH status (n = 1515)

From: Risk factors for electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy in a young Chinese general population: the Hanzhong adolescent cohort study

Variable ALL Subjects with LVH Non-LVH P values
No. of subjects 1515 70 1445
Age, y 43 (40, 45) 43 (41, 45) 43 (40, 45) 0.493
Female, no. (%) 663(43.8) 36 (51.4) 627 (43.4) 0.021
BMI, Kg/m2 23.7 (21.825.8) 25.2 (22.726.8) 23.6 (21.825.8) 0.004
WHR 0.92 (0.860.96) 0.96 (0.890.99) 0.92 (0.870.97) 0.012
Current smoking, no. (%) 724 (47.8) 30 (42.9) 694 (48.0) 0.453
alcohol use, no. (%) 474 (31.3) 19 (27.1) 455 (31.5) 0.438
Hypertension, no. (%) 171 (11.3) 15 (21.4) 156 (10.8) 0.002
Diabetes mellitus, no. (%) 103 (6.8) 4 (5.7) 99 (6.9) 0.662
SBP, mmHg 121.0 (112.0130.7) 128.7 (114.7138.8) 120.0 (112.0129.3) 0.001
DBP, mmHg 75.3 (68.782.7) 82.9 (72.989.4) 75.3 (68.782.7)  < 0.001
Heart rate, beats/min 73.0 (67.079.0) 74.0 (67.883.0) 73.0 (66.079.0) 0.133
SUA, μmol/L 268.1 (210.7323.1) 280.3 (224.1352.0) 260.9 (205.1320.6) 0.043
Serum creatinine, umol/L 76.02 ± 14.56 74.78 ± 15.16 76.04 ± 14.55 0.473
eGFR, mL/min/1.73m2 92.11 ± 26.07 88.60 ± 17.58 92.18 ± 26.20 0.255
Fasting glucose, mmol/L 4.57 (4.284.89) 4.53 (4.204.93) 4.57 (4.274.89) 0.725
Total cholesterol, mmol/L 4.51 (4.045.00) 4.60 (4.024.99) 4.50 (4.045.00) 0.962
Triglycerides, mmol/L 1.36 (0.951.91) 1.41 (0.971.86) 1.35 (0.951.91) 0.860
LDL-C, mmol/L 2.51 (2.142.89) 2.50 (2.042.95) 2.50 (2.142.89) 0.710
HDL-C, mmol/L 1.15 (0.991.33) 1.15 (1.001.31) 1.15 (0.991.33) 0.911
uUA/Cre 0.19 (0.100.32) 0.22 (0.130.41) 0.19 (0.110.32) 0.069
UACR, mg/g 8.30 (5.4514.42) 10.90 (7.0924.83) 8.26 (5.3914.21) 0.001
hs-CRP, mg/L 0.31 (0.150.74) 0.32 (0.150.77) 0.30 (0.150.75) 0.847
CIMT, mm 0.62 (0.530.75) 0.74 (0.600.83) 0.62 (0.530.75)  < 0.001
Cornell index, mm ms 1201.45 ± 494.86 3010.62 ± 665.11 1167.40 ± 422.50  < 0.001
  1. Normally distributed variables are expressed as mean ± SD as determined by the Student’s t-test, non-normally distributed variables are expressed as medians (inter-quartile range) as determined by Mann–Whitney test, categorical variables are expressed as numbers and percentages by χ2-test
  2. BMI body mass index, WHR waist hip rate, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, SUA serum uric acid, eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein, uUA/Cre urinary uric acid/creatinine ratio, uACR urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio, hs-CRP high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, CIMT carotid intima-media thickness