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Table 1 Baseline characteristics and clinical outcomes

From: Predictive value of stress hyperglycemia ratio for the occurrence of acute kidney injury in acute myocardial infarction patients with diabetes

  Tertile 1 (n = 404) Tertile 2 (n = 406) Tertile 3 (n = 405) p value
Male, n(%) 273 (67.5%) 282 (69.4%) 273 (67.4%) 0.785
Age, years 66.2 ± 12.5 65.7 ± 11.8 65.9 ± 12.1 0.729
BMI, kg/m2 26.2 ± 3.7 26.9 ± 3.6 25.2 ± 3.6 0.002
STEMI, n(%) 160 (39.6%) 197 (48.5%) 227 (56.0%)  < 0.001
Cardiovascular risk factors
Hypertension 291 (72.0%) 268 (66.0%) 288 (71.1%) 0.167
Dyslipidemia 197 (48.37%) 181 (44.5%) 181 (44.6%) 0.397
Previous MI 48 (11.8%) 46 (11.3%) 33 (8.1%) 0.173
Prior PCI 69 (17.0%) 70 (17.2%) 60 (14.8%) 0.580
CKD 49 (12.1%) 45 (11.0%) 63 (15.5%) 0.139
Smoking 235 (58.1%) 248 (61.0%) 224 (55.3%) 0.249
LVEF (%) 57.3 ± 10.8 56.4 ± 11.2 55.6 ± 11.3 0.114
Laboratory assessment
ABG, mmol/L 8.25 ± 2.59 11.23 ± 3.32 15.18 ± 4.97  < 0.001
HbA1c, % 7.66 ± 1.72 7.58 ± 1.69 7.40 ± 1.55  < 0.001
Hemoglobin, g/L 126.9 ± 24.5 131.1 ± 23.7 129.6 ± 22.7 0.025
Albumin, g/dL 35.8 ± 4.8 34.9 ± 7.7 35.4 ± 5.9 0.921
eGFR, ml/(min*1.73m2) 74.6 ± 23.9 75.8 ± 24.0 72.1 ± 26.5 0.180
NT-proBNP, pg/mL 1653 (551, 5926) 1874 (653, 6114) 2302 (713, 7778) 0.036
Peak TnI, ng/mL 2.6 (0.5, 11.4) 5.7 (1.5, 22.2) 6.9 (1.6, 24.4) < 0.001
hs-CRP, mg/L 6.8 (2.2, 14.8) 7.5 (1.9, 17.6) 7.7 (2.3, 20.6) 0.256
In-hospital medication
Anti-platelet agents 387 (95.7%) 394 (97.0%) 389 (96.0%) 0.525
Statin 365 (90.3%) 364 (89.6%) 358 (88.3%) 0.657
ACEI or ARB 335 (82.9%) 342 (84.2%) 330 (81.4%) 0.436
Beta-blocker 323 (79.9%) 313 (77.0%) 311 (76.7%) 0.239
Diuretics 72 (17.8%) 64 (15.7%) 68 (16.7%) 0.665
PCI, n(%) 282 (69.8%) 304 (74.8%) 293 (72.3%) 0.272
IABP, n(%) 7 (1.7%) 13 (3.2%) 14 (3.4%) 0.276
In-hospital outcomes
AKI 18 (4.4%) 32 (7.8%) 53 (13.0%) < 0.001
All-cause death 11 (2.7%) 15 (3.6%) 26 (6.4%) 0.027
Cardiogenic shock 20 (4.9%) 31 (7.6%) 47 (11.6%) 0.002
  1. Diabetic patients with AMI were divided according to the tertile levels of SHR (Tertile 1: SHR < 1.04; Tertile 2:1.04 ≤ SHR < 1.33; Tertile 3: SHR ≥ 1.33)
  2. BMI: body mass index, STEMI: ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, CKD: chronic kidney disease, PCI: percutaneous coronary intervention, LVEF: left ventricular ejection fraction, SHR: stress hyperglycemia ratio, ABG: admission blood glucose, HbA1c: glycated hemoglobin, eGFR: estimated glomerular filtration rate, NT-proBNP: N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide, TnI: Troponin I, AKI: acute kidney injury