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Table 7 Personal and clinical attributes associated with subtypes of dyslipidaemia

From: High prevalence of dyslipidaemia subtypes and their associated personal and clinical attributes in Malaysian adults: the REDISCOVER study

  High TC High LDL-c High TG Low HDL-c High Non-HDL-c
aOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI)
Age (years)
30–39
40–49
50–59
 ≥ 60
1.00
1.28 (1.09–1.50)
1.78 (1.50–2.10)
1.58 (1.31–1.90)
1.00
1.25 (1.07–1.46)
1.54 (1.31–1.82)
1.42 (1.18–1.71)
1.00
1.05 (0.88–1.25)
1.15 (0.96–1.38)
1.00 (0.82–1.21)
1.00
0.93 (0.78–1.09)
0.81 (0.68–0.96)
0.67 (0.55–0.81)
1.00
1.21 (1.03–1.42)
1.50 (1.27–1.77)
1.30 (1.08–1.57)
Gender
Male
Female
1.00
1.12 (1.00–1.26)
1.00
0.98 (0.87–1.09)
1.00
0.62 (0.55–0.70)
1.00
1.14 (1.02–1.29)
1.00
0.79 (0.71–0.88)
Ethnicity
Malay
Chinese
Indian
Indigenous
1.00
0.70 (0.60–0.83)
0.60 (0.45–0.80)
0.27 (0.23–0.32)
1.00
0.58 (0.49–0.68)
0.61 (0.46–0.81)
0.29 (0.25–0.34)
1.00
0.92 (0.77–1.11)
0.90 (0.66–1.23)
0.88 (0.75–1.03)
1.00
0.55 (0.45–0.67)
1.28 (0.95–1.72)
2.42 (2.08–2.81)
1.00
0.60 (0.51–0.71)
0.63 (0.47–0.84)
0.33 (0.28–0.39)
Educational attainment
No formal
Primary
Secondary
Tertiary
1.00
1.06 (0.91–1.24)
1.07 (0.91–1.26)
1.04 (0.85–1.27)
1.00
1.04 (0.90–1.21)
1.02 (0.87–1.20)
0.99 (0.81–1.20)
1.00
0.78 (0.67–0.91)
0.76 (0.65–0.90)
0.75 (0.62–0.92)
1.00
0.76 (0.65–0.88)
0.71 (0.61–0.84)
0.60 (0.49–0.73)
1.00
0.98 (0.84–1.14)
0.88 (0.75–1.04)
0.86 (0.71–1.05)
Location
Urban
Rural
1.00
0.95 (0.85–1.07)
1.00
0.84 (0.75–0.95)
1.00
1.39 (1.24–1.57)
1.00
0.99 (0.88–1.11)
1.00
1.01 (0.90–1.13)
Smoking
Non-smoker
Previous smoker
Current smoker
1.00
1.03 (0.87–1.22)
1.06 (0.91–1.25)
1.00
1.00 (0.85–1.17)
1.14 (0.98–1.33)
1.00
1.04 (0.88–1.22)
1.49 (1.27–1.74)
1.00
1.11 (0.95–1.31)
1.76 (1.50–2.06)
1.00
1.01 (0.86–1.19)
1.25 (1.06–1.46)
Body mass index
Normal
Underweight
Overweight
Obese
1.00
0.61 (0.48–0.78)
1.36 (1.20–1.54)
1.36 (1.19–1.56)
1.00
0.55 (0.43–0.71)
1.45 (1.29–1.64)
1.43 (1.26–1.63)
1.00
0.72 (0.53–0.98)
1.67 (1.46–1.91)
2.34 (2.03–2.70)
1.00
1.04 (0.79–1.37)
1.65 (1.44–1.89)
2.51 (2.17–2.89)
1.00
0.53 (0.41–0.69)
1.66 (1.47–1.87)
1.91 (1.67–2.18)
Waist-hip ratio
Normal
Abdominal obesity
1.00
1.17 (1.05–1.30)
1.00
1.12 (1.01–1.23)
1.00
1.86 (1.67–2.06)
1.00
1.62 (1.46–1.80)
1.00
1.33 (1.21–1.48)
Diabetes mellitus
No
Yes
1.00
0.89 (0.78–1.02)
1.00
0.78 (0.69–0.89)
1.00
1.90 (1.67–2.16)
1.00
1.34 (1.18–1.53)
1.00
1.06 (0.93–1.21)
Hypertension
No
Yes
1.00
1.16 (1.04–1.28)
1.00
1.10 (1.00–1.21)
1.00
1.36 (1.23–1.51)
1.00
0.95 (0.85–1.05)
1.00
1.20 (1.09–1.33)
  1. Multivariable regression model, controlled for age, gender, ethnicity, educational attainment, locality, smoking status, BMI, waist-hip ratio, diabetes mellitus status, hypertension status. No significant interactions