Skip to main content

Table 5 Mean HDL-c and prevalence of low HDL-c according to personal and clinical attributes

From: High prevalence of dyslipidaemia subtypes and their associated personal and clinical attributes in Malaysian adults: the REDISCOVER study

  Mean (± SD)   Low HDL-c
  p value No
n (%)
Yes
n (%)
p value
Age groups (years)
30–39
40–49
50–59
 ≥ 60
1.36 (± 0.76)
1.28 (± 0.50)
1.27 (± 0.51)
1.28 (± 0.47)
 < 0.001** 714 (62.9)
1920 (62.8)
1997 (63.3)
1784 (66.1)
421 (37.1)
1137 (37.2)
1159 (36.7)
915 (33.9)
0.041*
Gender
Male
Female
1.15 (± 0.46)
1.39 (± 0.56)
 < 0.001** 2731 (63.3)
3684 (64.3)
1586 (36.7)
2046 (35.7)
0.287
Ethnicity
Malay
Chinese
Indian
Indigenous
1.26 (± 0.42)
1.50 (± 0.65)
1.17 (± 0.35)
1.26 (± 0.86)
 < 0.001** 4743 (64.9)
820 (81.0)
157 (57.7)
695 (48.0)
2571 (35.2)
193 (19.1)
115 (42.3)
753 (52.0)
 < 0.001**
Education attainment
No formal education
Primary
Secondary
Tertiary
1.25 (± 0.60)
1.26 (± 0.50)
1.29 (± 0.53)
1.31 (± 0.47)
0.004* 806 (55.4)
1558 (62.7)
2234 (64.1)
1200 (70.3)
648 (44.6)
929 (37.4)
1249 (35.9)
506 (29.7)
 < 0.001**
Location
Urban
Rural
1.29 (± 0.38)
1.28 (± 0.65)
0.964 3407 (67.7)
3008 (60.0)
1627 (32.3)
2005 (40.0)
 < 0.001**
Smoking status
Non-smoker
Previous smoker
Current smoker
1.32 (± 0.52)
1.19 (± 0.47)
1.08 (± 0.37)
 < 0.001** 4680 (65.1)
667 (63.7)
665 (54.3)
2508 (34.9)
380 (36.3)
560 (45.7)
 < 0.001**
Diabetes mellitus
No
Yes
1.30 (± 0.54)
1.19 (± 0.45)
 < 0.001** 5557 (65.3)
858 (55.9)
2956 (34.7)
676 (44.1)
 < 0.001**
Hypertension
No
Yes
1.30 (± 0.52)
1.27 (± 0.54)
 < 0.001** 3501 (64.9)
2914 (62.6)
1890 (35.1)
1742 (37.4)
0.014*
Body mass index
Underweight
Normal
Overweight
Obese
1.46 (± 0.63)
1.40 (± 0.64)
1.27 (± 0.50)
1.19 (± 0.44)
 < 0.001** 269 (72.5)
1700 (74.3)
2375 (64.7)
1749 (54.5)
102 (27.5)
588 (25.7)
1297 (35.3)
1463 (45.6)
 < 0.001**
Waist-hip ratio
Normal
Abdominal obesity
1.39 (± 0.57)
1.19 (± 0.47)
 < 0.001** 3177 (71.8)
2559 (56.2)
1250 (28.2)
1995 (43.8)
 < 0.001**
  1. *significant at p < 0.05; **significant at p < 0.001